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Project based learning is a pedagogic approach that intends to bring about deep learning by allowing learners to encounter problem solving opportunities in the context of a complex, open-ended project. For example, students may be asked to build a model rocket to learn about physics or monitor the water quality in a river to learn about their local environment.
This approach is generally less structured than traditional, teacher-led classroom activities; in a project-based class, students often must organize their own work and manage their own time. Often, the difficulties associated with carrying out complex projects are mediated in part by asking students to collaborate in small groups.
A related pedagogic approach, problem-based learning is similar; however, problem-based approaches structure students' activities more by asking them to solve specific (open-ended) problems rather than relying on students to come up with their own problems in the course of completing a project.
Barron, B. (1998). "Doing with understanding: Lessons from research on problem- and project-based learning." Journal of the Learning Sciences. 7(3&4), 271-311.
Blumenfeld, P.C. et al. (1991). "Motivating project-based learning: sustaining the doing, supporting the learning." Educational Psychologist, 26, 369-398.zh:專題研習
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