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Individual differences |
Methods | Statistics | Clinical | Educational | Industrial | Professional items | World psychology |
A professional provides a service in exchange for professional fees in accordance with established protocols for licensing, ethics, procedures, standards of service and training/certification. A professional is a member of a licensing body which is legally established within the laws of a given state, county, province or nation.
Historically, behaving professionally would indicate that the person's actions remain in accordance with specific rules, written or unwritten, pertaining to behavior, dress, speech, etc. By extension, the adjective professional identified somebody recognized for expertise or skill in a craft or activity.
In narrow usage, not all expertise is considered a profession. Although sometimes referred to as professions, such occupations as skilled construction work are more generally thought of as trades or crafts. The completion of an apprenticeship is generally associated with skilled labor or trades such as carpenter etc In cases lacking a licensing body, the opposite of a professional is an amateur or, disparagingly, "rank amateur." Sometimes an amateur can perform as well or better than a professional. Therefore, in many fields a person must overcome a barrier before gaining recognition as a professional. Such barriers include academic degrees, professional certification or licenses. In the strictest sense, a profession is created by legislation and is self-regulating, e.g. through a Code of ethics.
Other professions of interest to psychologistsEdit
- Aerospace personnel
- Information specialists
- Legal personnel
- Business and industrial personnel
- Impaired professionals
- Nonprofessional personnel
- Paraprofessional personnel
- Professional consultation
- Professional development
- Professional identity
- Professional organizations
- Professional referral
- Professional specialization
- Professional standards
- Professional supervision
- Religious personnel