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Individual differences |
Methods | Statistics | Clinical | Educational | Industrial | Professional items | World psychology |
Appendages that can become prehensile include:
- Prehensile feet have evolved many times across many different species
- Prehensile tails - Many extant lizards have prehensile tails (geckos, chameleons, and a species of skink). The fossil record shows prehensile tails in lizards (Simiosauria) going back many million years to the Triassic period (Celeskey, 2005).[How to reference and link to summary or text]
- Tongue - of giraffes in particular
- Nose - elephants and tapirs
- Lips - Lake Sturgeon
Prehensility is an adaptation that has afforded species a great natural advantage in manipulating their environment for feeding, digging, and defense. It enables many animals, such as primates, to use tools in order to complete tasks that would otherwise be impossible without highly specialized anatomy. For example, chimpanzees have the ability to use sticks to obtain termites and grubs in a manner not disimilar to human fishing. However, not all prehensile organs are applied to tool use- the giraffe tongue, for instance, is instead used in feeding and self-cleaning behaviors.
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