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Pregabalin

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Pregabalin chemical structure
Pregabalin

(S)-3-(aminomethyl)-5-methylhexanoic acid
IUPAC name
CAS number
148553-50-8
ATC code

N03AX16

PubChem
5486971
DrugBank
APRD01198
Chemical formula {{{chemical_formula}}}
Molecular weight 159.23 g.mol-1
Bioavailability ≥90%
Metabolism Negligible
Elimination half-life 5–6.5 hours
Excretion Renal
Pregnancy category B3 (Au), C (U.S.)
Legal status S4 (Au), POM (UK), Schedule V (U.S.)
Routes of administration Oral

Pregabalin (INN) (IPA: [prɪˈgæbələn]) is an anticonvulsant drug used for neuropathic pain, as an adjunct therapy for partial seizures, and in generalized anxiety disorder. It was designed as a more potent successor to gabapentin. Pregabalin is marketed by Pfizer under the trade name Lyrica.

Recent studies have shown that pregabalin is effective at treating chronic pain in disorders such as fibromyalgia[1] and spinal cord injury[2]

It is considered to have a dependence liability if misused, and is classified as a Schedule V drug in the U.S.[3]

HistoryEdit

Pregabalin was initially developed by biochemist Richard Silverman at Northwestern University in the United States. The drug was approved in the European Union in 2004. Pregabalin received U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approval for use in treating epilepsy, diabetic neuropathy pain and post-herpetic neuralgia pain in June 2005, and appeared on the U.S. market in fall 2005.

PharmacologyEdit

Like gabapentin, pregabalin binds to the α2δ subunit of the voltage-dependent calcium channel in the central nervous system. However, the exact mechanism of action is unknown.

Clinical useEdit

IndicationsEdit

Pregabalin is indicated for:

  • Treatment of neuropathic pain in adults
  • Adjunctive therapy in adults with partial seizures with or without secondary generalization
  • Fibromyalgia pain. The FDA has approved Pregabalin as an indicated use on June 21, 2007[4].

In the European Union, it has also been approved for the treatment of generalized anxiety disorder (GAD).[5]

Adverse effectsEdit

Adverse drug reactions associated with the use of pregabalin include:[6][7]

Drug interactions Edit

No pharmacokinetic interactions have been demonstrated in vivo. The manufacturer notes some potential pharmacological interactions with oxycodone, lorazepam and ethanol (alcohol). Concurrent use may increase the central nervous system effects of these medications (e.g. drowsiness, effects on concentration).[6]

ReferencesEdit

  1. http://www.prnewswire.com/cgi-bin/stories.pl?ACCT=104&STORY=/www/story/10-25-2002/0001827864&EDATE=
  2. http://www.prnewswire.com/cgi-bin/stories.pl?ACCT=104&STORY=/www/story/11-28-2006/0004480854&EDATE=
  3. Drug Enforcement Administration, Department of Justice. Schedules of controlled substances: placement of pregabalin into schedule V. Final rule. Fed Regist 2005;70(144):43633-5. PMID 16050051
  4. FDA Approves First Drug for Treating Fibromyalgia. URL accessed on 2007-07-04.
  5. Pfizer's Lyrica Approved for the Treatment of Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD) in Europe. Press release. Retrieved on 2007-07-04.
  6. 6.0 6.1 Pfizer Australia Pty Ltd. Lyrica (Australian Approved Product Information). West Ryde: Pfizer; 2006.
  7. Rossi S, editor. Australian Medicines Handbook 2006. Adelaide: Australian Medicines Handbook; 2006. ISBN 0-9757919-2-3

External linksEdit


Anticonvulsants edit





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