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Psychology: Debates · Journals · Psychologists

Pluralism is used in different ways across a wide range of topics. It denotes a diversity of views and stands rather than a single approach or method of interpretation:

  • Cultural pluralism, when small groups within a larger society maintain their unique cultural identities (see Multiculturalism)
  • Epistemological pluralism, methodologies for determining what we know about a field
  • Methodological pluralism, the view that some phenomena observed in science and social science require multiple methods to account for their nature
  • Pluralism (industrial relations), recognition of a multiplicy of legitimate interests and stakeholders in the employment relationship
  • Pluralism (philosophy) The examination of the idea that there can be more than one 'correct' or 'true' account of ethical, religious, cultural, and scientific beliefs.
  • Pluralism (political philosophy), the acknowledgment of a diversity of political systems
  • Pluralism (political theory), belief that there should be diverse and competing centres of power in society, so that there is a marketplace for ideas
  • Educational pluralism, the belief that an educational community is enriched when individual differences are respected and welcomed.
  • Religious pluralism, the acceptance of all religious paths as equally valid, promoting coexistence
  • Scientific pluralism, the view that some phenomena observed in science require multiple explanations to account for their nature.
  • Social pluralism, places the study of political phenomena on the ground where systematic explanation is the norm.

In philosophy Edit

  • Epistemological pluralism, a set of untold truths about the world, but rather many
  • Metaphysical pluralism, a doctrine according to which many basic substances make up reality
  • Value pluralism, the idea that there are several values which may be equally correct and fundamental, and yet in conflict with each other

See also Edit

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