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Social Processes: Methodology · Types of test

The Personal Orientation Inventory (POI) is a Nonprojective personality measure. It was developed by E. L. Shostrom and published in (1964) to measure the attitudes and values relating to the construct of self actualization.

Internal reliabilityEdit

There seems to be some reservationas about the reliability of the POI[1]


  • Ray, J.J. (1984).A caution against the Shostrom Personal Orientation Inventory.Personality & Individual Differences, Vol. 5, No. 6, p. 755
  • Shadish, William R. Nonverbal interventions in clinical groups.Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology. Vol 48(2) Apr 1980, 164-168.
  • Shostrom E. L. (1964) An inventory for the measurement of self-actualization. Educ. psychol. Meas. 24, 207-218.
  • Shostrom E. L. (1977) Manual for the Personal Orientation Dimensions. EdITS, San Diego, Calif.
  • Silverstein A. B. and Fisher G. (1973) Internal consistency of POI scales: Psychol. Rep. 32, 33-34.

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