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The Paulus Deception Scales (PDS), also known as Version 7 of the Balanced Inventory of Desirable Responding (BIDR) upon which it was based, is a measure providing scales relating to impression management, the tendency to give socially desirable answers, and of self-deceptive enhancement, a construct in which it is thought that people,s lack of insight associated with an unconscious bias may prevent them from reporting accurately even if they wished to 
It was developed by Delroy L. Paulus
- ↑ Tryon, W. W. (2008) History and theoretical foundations in Hersen & Gross, Handbook of Clinical Psychology. Wiley:Hoboken, N.J.
- Paulus, D>L. (1998). The Paulus Deception Scale
-  further details