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Parsonage–Turner syndrome is also known as acute brachial neuropathy and acute brachial radiculitis. Other names used are Parsonage–Aldren–Turner syndrome, neuralgic amyotrophy, brachial neuritis, brachial plexus neuropathy, or brachial plexitis is a lung disorder.
The idiopathic syndrome refers to a rare set of symptoms resulting from inflammation of unknown etiology of the brachial plexus. (The brachial plexus is a complex network of nerves through which impulses reach the arms, shoulders and chest.)
This syndrome can begin with severe shoulder or arm pain followed by weakness and numbness. Those who suffer from Parsonage–Turner experience acute, sudden-onset pain radiating from the shoulder to the upper arm. Affected muscles become weak and atrophied, and in advanced cases, paralyzed.
MRI may assist in diagnosis.
Despite its wasting and at times long-lasting effects, most cases resolve themselves and recovery is usually good in 18–24 months.
- ↑ Wheeless, Clifford R. (2009). Parsonage-Turner Syndrome. Wheeless' Textbook of Orthopedics @ wheelessonline.com. URL accessed on 2009-10-11.
- ↑ (28 January 2009) Anatomic Basis of Neurologic Diagnosis, 105–, Thieme. URL accessed 4 November 2010.
- ↑ Charles A. Rockwood (14 January 2009). The Shoulder, 1376–, Elsevier Health Sciences. URL accessed 4 November 2010.
- ↑ (23 June 2009) Nerve and Vascular Injuries in Sports Medicine, 107–, シュプリンガー・ジャパン株式会社. URL accessed 4 November 2010.
- ↑ 5.0 5.1 NINDS Brachial Plexus Injuries: Information Page. National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke. URL accessed on 2009-10-11.
- ↑ (2007) Fundamentals of diagnostic radiology, 1–, Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. URL accessed 4 November 2010.
- ↑ Who Named It synd/1910
- ↑ Parsonage MJ, Turner JW (June 1948). Neuralgic amyotrophy; the shoulder-girdle syndrome. Lancet 1 (6513): 973–8.
Nervous system pathology, primarily PNS (G50-G99, 350-359)
|Nerve, nerve root|
and plexus disorders
cranial nerve: V (Trigeminal neuralgia) - VII (Facial nerve paralysis, Bell's palsy, Melkersson-Rosenthal syndrome, Central seven) - XI (Accessory nerve disorder)
and other disorders of the PNS
| Diseases of myoneural junction|
Myasthenia gravis - Primary disorders of muscles (Muscular dystrophy, Myotonic dystrophy, Myotonia congenita, Thomsen disease, Neuromyotonia, Paramyotonia congenita, Centronuclear myopathy, Nemaline myopathy, Mitochondrial myopathy) - Myopathy - Periodic paralysis (Hypokalemic, Hyperkalemic) - Lambert-Eaton myasthenic syndrome
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