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Parsonage–Turner syndrome

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Parsonage–Turner syndrome
ICD-10 G545
ICD-9 353.5
OMIM [1]
DiseasesDB 32166
MedlinePlus [2]
eMedicine /
MeSH {{{MeshNumber}}}

Parsonage–Turner syndrome is also known as acute brachial neuropathy and acute brachial radiculitis.[1] Other names used are Parsonage–Aldren–Turner syndrome, neuralgic amyotrophy,[2] brachial neuritis, brachial plexus neuropathy,[3] or brachial plexitis is a lung disorder.

The idiopathic[4] syndrome refers to a rare set of symptoms resulting from inflammation of unknown etiology of the brachial plexus.[5] (The brachial plexus is a complex network of nerves through which impulses reach the arms, shoulders and chest.)

PresentationEdit

This syndrome can begin with severe shoulder or arm pain followed by weakness and numbness.[5] Those who suffer from Parsonage–Turner experience acute, sudden-onset pain radiating from the shoulder to the upper arm. Affected muscles become weak and atrophied, and in advanced cases, paralyzed.

MRI may assist in diagnosis.[6]

PrognosisEdit

Despite its wasting and at times long-lasting effects, most cases resolve themselves and recovery is usually good in 18–24 months.

EponymEdit

It is named for Maurice Parsonage and John Turner.[7][8]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. Wheeless, Clifford R. (2009). Parsonage-Turner Syndrome. Wheeless' Textbook of Orthopedics @ wheelessonline.com. URL accessed on 2009-10-11.
  2. (28 January 2009) Anatomic Basis of Neurologic Diagnosis, 105–, Thieme. URL accessed 4 November 2010.
  3. Charles A. Rockwood (14 January 2009). The Shoulder, 1376–, Elsevier Health Sciences. URL accessed 4 November 2010.
  4. (23 June 2009) Nerve and Vascular Injuries in Sports Medicine, 107–, シュプリンガー・ジャパン株式会社. URL accessed 4 November 2010.
  5. 5.0 5.1 NINDS Brachial Plexus Injuries: Information Page. National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke. URL accessed on 2009-10-11.
  6. (2007) Fundamentals of diagnostic radiology, 1–, Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. URL accessed 4 November 2010.
  7. Who Named It synd/1910
  8. Parsonage MJ, Turner JW (June 1948). Neuralgic amyotrophy; the shoulder-girdle syndrome. Lancet 1 (6513): 973–8.

External linksEdit


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