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Orofacial pain

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Orofacial pain
MeSH D005157

Orofacial pain is a general term covering any pain which is felt in the mouth, jaws and the face. Orofacial pain is a common symptom, and there are many causes.[1] It is estimated that over 95% of cases of orofacial pain result from dental causes (i.e. pain related to the teeth, often toothache caused by pulpitis or a dental abscess).[2] After dental pain, the second most common cause of orofacial pain is temporomandibular joint dysfunction (TMD, pain-dysfunction syndrome).[3] All other causes of orofacial pain are rare in comparison, although the full differential diagnosis is extensive.

ClassificationEdit

There are 4 main classifications which attempt to classify the causes of orofacial pain, but no system is universally accepted.[4]

ReferencesEdit

  1. Martin, WJ, Perez, RS; Tuinzing, DB; Forouzanfar, T (2012 Dec). Efficacy of antidepressants on orofacial pain: a systematic review.. International journal of oral and maxillofacial surgery 41 (12): 1532-9.
  2. Scully, Crispian (2008). Oral and maxillofacial medicine : the basis of diagnosis and treatment, 2nd, 98-108, Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone.
  3. Manfredini, D, Guarda-Nardini, L; Winocur, E; Piccotti, F; Ahlberg, J; Lobbezoo, F (2011 Oct). Research diagnostic criteria for temporomandibular disorders: a systematic review of axis I epidemiologic findings.. Oral surgery, oral medicine, oral pathology, oral radiology, and endodontics 112 (4): 453-62.
  4. Renton, T, Durham, J; Aggarwal, VR (2012 May). The classification and differential diagnosis of orofacial pain.. Expert review of neurotherapeutics 12 (5): 569-76.
  5. 2nd Edition of The International Headache Classification. International Headache Society. URL accessed on 25 July 2013.
  6. Classification of Chronic Pain second edition. International Association for the Study of Pain. URL accessed on 26 July 2013.
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