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Oral contraceptives are medications taken by mouth for the purpose of birth control.

Female

Two types of female oral contraceptive pill are widely available:

Emergency contraception pills ("morning after pills") are taken at the time of intercourse, or within a few days afterwards.

Other types of female oral contraceptive are experimental or only available in limited areas:

  • Mifepristone is an antiprogestogen which has been used as a daily oral contraceptive in investigational clinical trials.
  • Ormeloxifene (also known as Centchroman) is a selective oestrogen receptor modulator which is taken one to two times per week. Ormeloxifene is approved as an oral contraceptive only in India.

Male

  • Male oral contraceptives do not currently exist, although several possibilities are in various stages of research and development.

Attitudes toward oral contraception

Effects on sexual behavior of oral contraceptives

Mood and oral contraception

See also

References

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