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[[Image:Operculum.png|thumb|500px|Operculum]]
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{{Biopsy}}
The '''operculum''' is partly in the most posterior portion of the [[inferior frontal gyrus]] of the [[frontal lobe]] in the [[brain]]. One famous part of the operculum is [[Broca's area]] which plays an important role in conversation or [[speech]] production, [[Reading (activity)|reading]] and [[writing]].
 
   
[[Autopsy|Post-mortem]], this portion of [[Albert Einstein's brain]] was found to be missing.<ref name=AIP>American Institute of Physics writer (2006). [http://www.aip.org/history/einstein/einbrain_text.htm "Was Einstein's Brain Different?"] AIP.org (accessed July 17, 2006)</ref>
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{{Infobox Brain|
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Name = Operculum (brain) |
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Latin = operculum frontale, operculum parietale, operculum temporale |
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GraySubject = 189 |
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GrayPage = 825 |
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Image = Operculum.png |
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Caption = Operculum |
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Image2 = Gray731.png |
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Caption2 = The insula of the left side, exposed by removing the operculum |
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IsPartOf = |
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Components = |
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Artery = |
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Vein = |
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BrainInfoType = |
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BrainInfoNumber = |
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MeshName = |
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MeshNumber = |
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DorlandsPre = o_04 |
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DorlandsSuf = 12592993 |
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}}
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'''Operculum''' (Latin, meaning "little lid") is the part of the [[cerebral cortex]] that covers the [[insular cortex|insula]]. Neuroscience divides the operculum into [[frontal lobe|frontal]], [[parietal operculum|parietal]] and [[temporal lobe|temporal]] regions, after the [[Lobes of the brain|lobes]] of which they form a part. The part of the operculum on the [[precentral gyrus|precentral]] and [[postcentral gyrus|postcentral]] [[gyrus|gyri]], on either side of the [[central sulcus]] (or "Rolandic fissure"), is known as the Rolandic operculum.<ref name="TonkonogyPuente2009">{{cite book|author1=Joseph M. Tonkonogy|author2=Antonio E. Puente|title=Localization of Clinical Syndromes in Neuropsychology and Neuroscience|url=http://books.google.com/books?id=t2Y4gv9d3l0C&pg=PA392|accessdate=12 October 2012|date=23 January 2009|publisher=Springer Publishing Company|isbn=978-0-8261-1967-4|page=392}}</ref>
   
==Notes==
 
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==See also==
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== References ==
* [[Pars opercularis]]
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{{Reflist}}
* [[Insular cortex]]
 
* [[Operculum]]
 
   
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{{Cerebral cortex}}
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{{Animal anatomy}}
   
[[de:Operculum (Anatomie)]]
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[[Category:Brain]]
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[[Category:Central nervous system]]
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[[Category:Neuroanatomy]]
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[[Category:Organs]]
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{{enWP|Operculum (brain)}}

Latest revision as of 22:00, September 28, 2013

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Brain: Operculum (brain)
Operculum
Operculum
Gray731
The insula of the left side, exposed by removing the operculum
Latin operculum frontale, operculum parietale, operculum temporale
Gray's subject #189 825
Part of
Components
Artery
Vein
BrainInfo/UW -
MeSH [1]

Operculum (Latin, meaning "little lid") is the part of the cerebral cortex that covers the insula. Neuroscience divides the operculum into frontal, parietal and temporal regions, after the lobes of which they form a part. The part of the operculum on the precentral and postcentral gyri, on either side of the central sulcus (or "Rolandic fissure"), is known as the Rolandic operculum.[1]


References Edit

  1. (23 January 2009) Localization of Clinical Syndromes in Neuropsychology and Neuroscience, Springer Publishing Company. URL accessed 12 October 2012.


Template:Animal anatomy

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