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The Open Archives Initiative (OAI) is an attempt to build a "low-barrier interoperability framework" for digital archives (aka "institutional repositories") containing digital content (aka "digital libraries"). It allows people (Service Providers) to harvest metadata (from Data Providers). This metadata is used to provide "value-added services", often by combining different data sets.

Initially, the initiative has been involved in the development of a technological framework and interoperability standards specifically for enhancing access to e-print archives, in order to increase the availability of scholarly communication; OAI is, therefore, closely related to the Open Access movement. The developed technology and standards, though, are applicable in a much broader domain than scholarly publishing alone.

The OAI technical infrastructure, specified in the Open Archives Initiative Protocol for Metadata Harvesting (OAI-PMH), currently in version 2.0, defines a mechanism for data providers to expose their metadata. This protocol mandates that individual archives map their metadata to the Dublin Core, a simple and common metadata set for this purpose.

Funding for the initiative comes from various organizations including the Joint Information Systems Committee.

PictureAustralia is an example of OAI-PMH in action. PictureAustralia harvests image data from Australian libraries, universities, museums and galleries. It then provides a single search system to access all the images.

See alsoEdit

External linksEdit

ReferencesEdit

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———. "Understanding the Protocol for Metadata Harvesting of the Open Archives Initiative." Computers in Libraries 22, no. 8 (2002): 24-29.

Castelli, Donatella. "Open Archive Solutions to Traditional Archive/Library Cooperation." [PDF] LIBER Quarterly 13, no. 3/4 (2003): 290-298.

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Foulonneau, Muriel, and David Dawson. Open Archives Initiative—Protocol for Metadata Harvesting: Practices of the Cultural Heritage Actors. [PDF] Bath, UK: Open Archives Forum, 2003. Expert Report 3.

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Harnad, Stevan. "The Self-Archiving Initiative". Nature 410: 1024-1025 (2001)

Hunter, Philip, and Marieke Guy. "Metadata for Harvesting: The Open Archives Initiative, and How to Find Things on the Web." The Electronic Library 22, no. 2 (2004): 168-174.

Kiernan, Vincent. "'Open Archives' Project Promises Alternative to Costly Journals." The Chronicle of Higher Education, 3 December 1999, A43.

Lagoze, Carl. "The OAI and OAI-PMH: Where to Go from Here?" [video] In CERN Workshop Series on Innovations in Scholarly Communication: Implementing the Benefits of OAI (OAI3), 12-14 February 2004 at CERN, Geneva, Switzerland. Geneva: CERN, 2004.

Lagoze, Carl, and Herbert Van de Sompel. "The Making of the Open Archives Initiative Protocol for Metadata Harvesting." Library Hi Tech 21, no. 2 (2003): 118-128.

———. "The Open Archives Initiative: Building a Low-Barrier Interoperability Framework." [PDF] In Proceedings of the First ACM/IEEE-CS Joint Conference on Digital Libraries, June 24-28, 2001: Roanoke, Virginia, USA, edited by Edward A. Fox and Christine L. Borgman, 54-62. New York: ACM Press, 2001.

Luce, Richard. "The Open Archives Initiative: Interoperable, Interdisciplinary Author Self-Archiving Comes of Age." The Serials Librarian 40, no. 1/2 (2001): 173-182.

Lynch, Clifford A. "Metadata Harvesting and the Open Archives Initiative." ARL: A Bimonthly Report on Research Library Issues and Actions from ARL, CNI, and SPARC, no. 217 (2001): 1-9.

MacColl, John, Marieke Napier, and Philip Hunter. "Developing an Agenda for Institutional E-Print Archives." Ariadne, no. 29 (2001).

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Medeiros, Norm. "E-Prints, Institutional Archives, and Metadata: Disseminating Scholarly Literature to the Masses." OCLC Systems & Services 19, no. 2 (2003): 51-53.

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Powell, Andy. "A Brief Overview of the OAI Protocol and Its Potential Impact." [audio] In Open Access to Scientific and Technical Information: State of the Art and Future Trends, Paris, 23-24 January 2003, Carré des Sciences, Ministère de la Recherche. Nancy, France: INIST-CNRS, 2003.

———. "A Brief Overview of the OAI Protocol and It's Potential Impact." Information Services & Use 23, no. 2-3 (2003): 103-104.

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Suleman, Hussein, and Edward Fox. "The Open Archives Initiative: Realizing Simple and Effective Digital Library Interoperability." [PDF] Journal of Library Administration 35, no. 1/2 (2001): 125-145.

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———. "Metadata's Bitter Harvest." Library Journal, July 2004, 32.

———. "Open Archives: A Key Convergence." Library Journal, 15 February 2000, 122-123.

Van de Sompel, Herbert. "Introductory Talk and Presentation of the OAI-PMH 2.0." [video] In 2nd Workshop on the Open Archives Initiative (OAI): Gaining Independence with E-Prints Archives and OAI, CERN, 17-19 October 2002, Geneva, Switzerland. Geneva: CERN, 2002. http://agenda.cern.ch/askArchive.php?base=agenda&categ=a02333&id=a02333s7t1/video

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———. "Notes from the Interoperability Front: A Progress Report on the Open Archives Initiative." [PDF] In Research and Advanced Technology for Digital Libraries: 6th European Conference, ECDL 2002, Rome, Italy, September 16-18, 2002: Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science 2458, 144-157. Berlin: Springer-Verlag, 2002.

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———. "Exposing and Harvesting Metadata Using the OAI Metadata Harvesting Protocol: A Tutorial." High Energy Physics Libraries Webzine, no. 4 (2001).

———. "Report on the 'OAI Metadata Harvesting Workshop' at JCDL 2003." D-Lib Magazine 9, no. 7/8 (2003).de:Open Archives Initiative fr:Open Archives InitiativeTemplate:Open Archives Initiative

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