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Olfactory glands

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Olfactory glands
Gray857
Section of the olfactory mucous membrane.
Latin glandulae olfactoriae
Gray's subject #223 996
System
MeSH [1]
[[Image:|190px|center|]]

Bowman's glands (aka olfactory glands, glands of Bowman) are situated in the olfactory mucosa, beneath the olfactory epithelium, in the lamina propria, a connective tissue also containing fibroblasts, blood vessels, and bundles of fine axons from the olfactory neurons.[1]

The structure of the Bowman's glands consists of an acinus in the lamina propria and a secretory duct going out through the olfactory epithelium.

Electron microscopy studies show that Bowman's glands contain cells with large secretory vesicles.[2] Bowman's glands might secrete proteins such as Lysozyme, amylase and IgA similarly to serous glands. The exact composition of the secretions from Bowman's glands is unclear, but there is evidence that Bowman's glands do not produce odorant binding protein.[3]

ReferencesEdit

  1. Moran, David T. (1982), "The fine structure of the olfactory mucosa in man", Journal of Neurocytology 11: 721–746, PMID 7143026 
  2. Frisch, Donald (1967), "Ultrastructure of mouse olfactory mucosa.", The American Journal of Anatomy 121 (1): 87–120., PMID 6052394 
  3. Tegoni, Mariella (2000), "Mammalian odorant binding proteins", Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 1482 (1-2): 229–240., 1967, PMID 11058764 

See alsoEdit

External linksEdit


This article was originally based on an entry from a public domain edition of Gray's Anatomy. As such, some of the information contained herein may be outdated. Please edit the article if this is the case, and feel free to remove this notice when it is no longer relevant. Template:Nose anatomy

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