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O-Ethyl methylphosphonothioic acid

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O-Ethyl methylphosphonothioic acid (EMPTA) is an organophosphate compound. A dual-use chemical, it has constructive uses in the synthesis of pesticides and pharmaceuticals, and it is also a precursor in the synthesis of nerve agents such as Agent VM and Agent VX. The detection of EMPTA is cited as a major influence in the United States' 1998 decision to destroy the Al-Shifa pharmaceutical factory in Sudan.[1]


  1. Claudine McCarthy (2005). "EMPTA (O-Ethyl methylphosphonothioic acid)" Eric Croddy, James J. Wirtz Weapons of mass destruction: an encyclopedia of worldwide policy, technology, and history (Google Books excerpt), 123–124.

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