Wikia

Psychology Wiki

News media

Talk0
34,140pages on
this wiki
Revision as of 17:47, February 27, 2008 by Dr Joe Kiff (Talk | contribs)

(diff) ← Older revision | Latest revision (diff) | Newer revision → (diff)

Assessment | Biopsychology | Comparative | Cognitive | Developmental | Language | Individual differences | Personality | Philosophy | Social |
Methods | Statistics | Clinical | Educational | Industrial | Professional items | World psychology |

Social psychology: Altruism · Attribution · Attitudes · Conformity · Discrimination · Groups · Interpersonal relations · Obedience · Prejudice · Norms · Perception · Index · Outline


This article needs rewriting to enhance its relevance to psychologists..
Please help to improve this page yourself if you can..
File:Newark-prudential-terrorist-threat-media-2004.jpg

Template:Journalism The news media refers to the section of the mass media that focuses on presenting current news to the public. These include print media]] (newspapers, magazines); broadcast media (radio stations, television stations, television networks), and increasingly Internet-based media (World Wide Web pages, weblogs).

The term news trade refers to the concept of the news media as a business separate from, but integrally connected to, the profession of journalism.

Etymology

A medium (plural media) is a carrier of something. Common things carried by media include information, art, or physical objects. A medium may provide transmission or storage of information or both.

The industries which produce news and entertainment content for the mass media are often called "the media" (in much the same way the newspaper industry is called "the press"). In the late 20th century it became commonplace for this usage to be construed as singular ("The media is...") rather than as the traditional plural.

Broadcasting

Broadcasting is the distribution of audio and video signals (programs) to a number of recipients ("listeners" or "viewers") that belong to a large group. This group may be the public in general, or a relatively large audience within the public. Thus, an Internet channel may distribute text or music world-wide, while a public address system in (for example) a workplace may broadcast very limited ad hoc soundbite]s to a small population within its range.

The sequencing of content in a broadcast is called a schedule.

Television and radio programs are distributed through radio broadcasting or cable, often both simultaneously. By coding signals and having decoding equipment in homes, the latter also enables subscription-based channels and pay-per-view services.

A broadcasting organization may broadcast several programs at the same time, through several channels (frequencies), for example BBC One and Two. On the other hand, two or more organizations may share a channel and each use it during a fixed part of the day. Digital radio and digital television may also transmit multiplexed programming, with several channels compressed into one ensemble.

When broadcasting is done via the Internet the term webcasting is often used.

Broadcasting forms a very large segment of the mass media.

Broadcasting to a very narrow range of audience is called narrowcasting.

Newsmagazines

File:Starlette.jpg
Main article: Newsmagazine

A newsmagazine, sometimes called news magazine, is a usually weekly magazine featuring articles on current events. News magazines generally go a little more in-depth into stories than newspapers, trying to give the reader an understanding of the context surrounding important events, rather than just the facts.


Newspapers

Main article: Newspaper
File:Brookgreen reading 9739.JPG

A newspaper is a lightweight and disposable publication (more specifically, a periodical), usually printed on low-cost paper called newsprint. It may be general or special interest, and may be published daily, weekly, biweekly, monthly, bimonthly, or quarterly.

General-interest newspapers are usually journals of current news on a variety of topics. Those can include political events, crime, business, sports, and opinions (either editorials, columns, or political cartoons). Many also include weather news and forecasts. Newspapers increasingly use photographs to illustrate stories; they also often include comic strips and other entertainment, such as crosswords.

Newsreels

A newsreel is a documentary film that is regularly released in a public presentation place containing filmed news stories.

Created by Pathé Frères of France in 1908, this form of film was a staple of the typical North American, British, and Commonwealth countries (especially Canada, Australia and New Zealand), and throughout European cinema programming schedule from the silent era until the 1960s when television news broadcasting completely supplanted its role.

Pathé would eventually merge with RKO...

An example of a newsreel story is in the film Citizen Kane (which was prepared by RKO's actual newsreel staff), which includes a fictional newsreel that summarizes the life of the title character.

Online journalism

Online journalism is reporting and other journalism produced or distributed via the Internet.

An early leader was The News & Observer in Raleigh, North Carolina, USA.

Many news organizations based in other media also distribute news online. How much they take advantage of the medium varies. Some news organizations, such as the Gongwer News Service, use the Web only or primarily.

The Internet challenges traditional news organizations in several ways. They may be losing classified ads to Web sites, which are often targeted by interest instead of geography. The advertising on news Web sites is sometimes insufficient to support the investment.

Even before the Internet, technology and perhaps other factors were dividing people's attention, leading to more but narrower media outlets.

Online journalism also leads to the spread of independent online media such as openDemocracy and the UK, Wikinews as well as allowing smaller news organizations to publish to a broad audience, such as mediastrike.

News coverage

By covering news, politics, weather, sports, entertainment, and vital events, the daily media shape the dominant cultural, social and political picture of society. Beyond the media networks, independent news sources have evolved to report on events which escape attention or underlie the major stories. In recent years, the blogosphere has taken reporting a step further, mining down to the experiences and perceptions of individual citizens.

An exponentially growing phenomenon, the blogosphere can be abuzz with news that is overlooked by the press and TV networks. Apropos of this was Robert F. Kennedy Jr.'s 11,000-word Rolling Stone article apropos of the 2004 United States presidential election, published June 1, 2006. By June 8, there had been no mainstream coverage of the documented allegations by President John F. Kennedy's nephew. On June 9, this sub-story was covered by a Seattle Post-Intelligencer article. [1]

See also

References

Books

  • Adie, K. (2006). Observing conflict. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.
  • Altheide, D. L. (2002). Tracking discourse. New York, NY: Routledge.
  • Barnett, B. (2006). The Stories They Couldn't Tell: How Journalists Use Public Record Databases. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Publishers.

Papers

  • Adams, T., & Tuggle, C. A. (2004). ESPN's SportsCenter and Coverage of Women's Athletics: "It's a Boys' Club": Mass Communication and Society Vol 7(2) 2004, 237-248.
  • Aday, S., Cluverius, J., & Livingston, S. (2005). As Goes the Statue, So Goes the War: The Emergence of the Victory Frame in Television Coverage of the Iraq War: Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media Vol 49(3) Sep 2005, 314-331.
  • Agudelo, C. G. (2007). Daring to think is beginning to fight: The history of magazine "alternativa," Colombia, 1974--1980. Dissertation Abstracts International Section A: Humanities and Social Sciences.
  • Akil, B. (2007). African American news websites: Publishers' views, perspectives and experiences in relation to the social construction of news, online news and the Black Press. Dissertation Abstracts International Section A: Humanities and Social Sciences.
  • Alessi, N. E., & Alessi, V. A. (2008). New media and an ethics analysis model for child and adolescent psychiatry: Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America Vol 17(1) Jan 2008, 67-92.
  • Alexander, P. J., & Cunningham, B. M. (2007). Public and private decision making: The value of diversity in news. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Publishers.
  • Alexy, E. M., Burgess, A. W., & Baker, T. (2005). Internet Offenders: Traders, Travelers, and Combination Trader-Travelers: Journal of Interpersonal Violence Vol 20(7) Jul 2005, 804-812.
  • Allen, C. (2005). Discovering "Joe Six Pack" Content in Television News: The Hidden History of Audience Research, News Consultants, and the Warner Class Model: Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media Vol 49(4) Dec 2005, 363-382.
  • Al-Saggaf, Y. (2006). The Online Public Sphere in the Arab World: The War in Iraq on the Al Arabiya Website: Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication Vol 12(1) Oct 2006, 311-334.
  • Althaus, S. L., & Kim, Y. M. (2006). Priming Effects in Complex Information Environments: Reassessing the Impact of News Discourse on Presidential Approval: Journal of Politics Vol 68(4) Nov 2006, 960-976.
  • Altheide, D. L. (1997). "The News Media, the Problem Frame, and the Production of Fear": Sociological Quarterly Vol 38(4) Fal 1997, 647-668.
  • Altheide, D. L. (2002). Children and the discourse of fear: Symbolic Interaction Vol 25(2) 2002, 229-250.
  • Altheide, D. L., & Grimes, J. N. (2005). War programming: The propaganda project and the Iraq war: Sociological Quarterly Vol 46(4) Fal 2005, 617-643.
  • Amrine, M. (1965). Psychology in the news: American Psychologist Vol 20(6) Jun 1965, 440-441.
  • Anastasio, P. A., Rose, K. C., & Chapman, J. G. (2005). The Divisive Coverage Effect: How Media May Cleave Differences of Opinion Between Social Groups: Communication Research Vol 32(2) Apr 2005, 171-192.
  • Anderman, E. M., & Johnston, J. (1998). Television news in the classroom: What are adolescents learning? : Journal of Adolescent Research Vol 13(1) Jan 1998, 73-100.
  • Anderson, C. A., & Bushman, B. J. (2002). Media violence and the American public revisited: American Psychologist Vol 57(6-7) Jun-Jul 2002, 448-450.
  • Andrewes, J. (2006). Developing an online press office for Cardiff Council: Principles of excellence: Journal of Communication Management Vol 10(2) 2006, 156-173.
  • Andrews, K. T., & Biggs, M. (2006). The Dynamics of Protest Diffusion: Movement Organizations, Social Networks, and News Media in the 1960 Sit-ins: American Sociological Review Vol 71(5) Oct 2006, 752-777.
  • Angermeyer, M. C., & Matschinger, H. (1996). The effect of violent attacks by schizophrenic persons on the attitude of the public towards the mentally ill: Social Science & Medicine Vol 43(12) Dec 1996, 1721-1728.
  • Angermeyer, M. C., & Schulze, B. (2001). Reinforcing stereotypes: How the focus on forensic cases in news reporting may influence public attitudes towards the mentally ill: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry Vol 24(4-5) Jul-Oct 2001, 469-486.
  • Arad, T. (2005). Voice: When News Comes Close: Journal of Aggression, Maltreatment & Trauma Vol 10(1-2) 2005, 439-441.
  • Armstrong, C. L., Wood, M. L. M., & Nelson, M. R. (2006). Female News Professionals in Local and National Broadcast News During the Buildup to the Iraq War: Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media Vol 50(1) Mar 2006, 78-94.
  • Arpan, L. M., Baker, K., Lee, Y., Jung, T., Lorusso, L., & Smith, J. (2006). News Coverage of Social Protests and the Effects of Photographs and Prior Attitudes: Mass Communication and Society Vol 9(1) 2006, 1-20.
  • Atkin, D., & Fife, M. (1994). The role of race and gender as determinants of local TV news coverage: Howard Journal of Communications Vol 5(1-2) Fal-Win 1994, 123-137.
  • Attaway-Fink, B. (2004). Market-driven journalism: Creating special sections to meet reader interests: Journal of Communication Management Vol 9(2) 2004, 145-154.
  • Aust, C. F. (1994). Effects of emotional displays by interviewees in broadcast news. Dissertation Abstracts International Section A: Humanities and Social Sciences.
  • Aust, C. F. (2003). Factors in the appeal of news. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Publishers.
  • Babad, E. (2005). The Psychological Price of Media Bias: Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied Vol 11(4) Dec 2005, 245-255.
  • Bagherian, F. (2000). An evaluation of Carleton Hotline for Administration and Teaching "CHAT." Dissertation Abstracts International: Section B: The Sciences and Engineering.
  • Bailey, R. E., & Gillaspy, J. A., Jr. (2005). Operant psychology goes to the fair: Marian and Keller Breland in the popular press, 1947-1966: Behavior Analyst Vol 28(2) Fal 2005, 143-159.
  • Bantimaroudis, P., & Ban, H. (2001). Covering the crisis in Somalia: Framing choices by The New York Times and The Manchester Guardian. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Publishers.
  • Banwart, M. C., Bystrom, D. G., & Robertson, T. (2003). From the primary to the general election: A comparative analysis of candidate media coverage in mixed-gender 2000 races for governor and U. S. Senate: American Behavioral Scientist Vol 46(5) Jan 2003, 658-676.
  • Barber, J. S., & Axinn, W. G. (2004). New Ideas and Fertility Limitation: The Role of Mass Media: Journal of Marriage and Family Vol 66(5) Dec 2004, 1180-1200.
  • Bardhan, N. R. (2002). Accounts from the field: A public relations perspective on global AIDS/HIV: Journal of Health Communication Vol 7(3) May-Jun 2002, 221-244.
  • Barnett, B. (2005). Feminists Shaping News: A Framing Analysis of News Releases From the National Organization for Women: Journal of Public Relations Research Vol 17(4) 2005, 341-362.
  • Bartkowski, J. P. (1998). Claims-making and typifications of voodoo as a deviant religion: Hex, lies, and videotape: Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion Vol 37(4) Dec 1998, 559-579.
  • Baum, M. A., & Jamison, A. S. (2006). The Oprah Effect: How Soft News Helps Inattentive Citizens Vote Consistently: Journal of Politics Vol 68(4) Nov 2006, 946-959.
  • Baylor, T. (1996). Media framing of movement protest: The case of American Indian protest: Social Science Journal Vol 33(3) 1996, 241-255.
  • Beard, H., & Payne, B. K. (2005). The portrayal of elder abuse in the national media: American Journal of Criminal Justice Vol 29(2) Spr 2005, 269-284.
  • Beaudoin, C. E. (2007). The impact of news use and social capital on youth wellbeing: An aggregate-level analysis: Journal of Community Psychology Vol 35(8) Nov 2007, 947-965.
  • Beaudoin, C. E. (2007). News, social capital and health in the context of Katrina: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved Vol 18(2) May 2007, 418-430.
  • Beaudoin, C. E., & Thorson, E. (2005). Credibility Perceptions of News Coverage of Ethnic Groups: The Predictive Roles of Race and News Use: Howard Journal of Communications Vol 16(1) Jan-Mar 2005, 33-48.
  • Beckett, K. (1996). Culture and the politics of signification: The case of child sexual abuse: Social Problems Vol 43(1) Feb 1996, 57-76.
  • Beers, D. (2006). The Public Sphere and Online, Independent Journalism: Canadian Journal of Education Vol 29(1) 2006, 109-130.
  • Bek, M. G. (2004). Research Note: Tabloidization of News Media: An Analysis of Television News in Turkey: European Journal of Communication Vol 19(3) Sep 2004, 371-386.
  • Bennett, W. L. (2004). Gatekeeping and Press-Government Relations: A Multigated Model of News Construction. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Publishers.
  • Bennett, W. L. (2005). Beyond pseudoevents: Election news as reality TV: American Behavioral Scientist Vol 49(3) Nov 2005, 364-378.
  • Bennett, W. L., Lawrence, R. G., & Livingston, S. (2006). None Dare Call It Torture: Indexing and the Limits of Press Independence in the Abu Ghraib Scandal: Journal of Communication Vol 56(3) Sep 2006, 467-485.
  • Bennett, W. L., Pickard, V. W., lozzi, D. P., Schroeder, C. L., Lagos, T., & Caswell, C. E. (2004). Managing the Public Sphere: Journalistic Construction of the Great Globalization Debate: Journal of Communication Vol 54(3) Sep 2004, 437-455.
  • Benson, R., & Hallin, D. C. (2007). How States, markets and globalization shape the news: The French and US national press, 1965-97: European Journal of Communication Vol 22(1) Mar 2007, 27-48.
  • Benson, R., & Saguy, A. C. (2005). Constructing Social Problems in an Age of Globalization: A French-American Comparison: American Sociological Review Vol 70(2) Apr 2005, 233-259.
  • Berger, C. R. (1998). Processing quantitative data about risk and threat in news reports: Journal of Communication Vol 48(3) Sum 1998, 87-106.
  • Berger, C. R., Lee, E.-J., & Johnson, J. T. (2003). Gender, rationality, and base-rate explanations for increasing trends: Communication Research Vol 30(6) Dec 2003, 737-765.
  • Berinsky, A. J., & Kinder, D. R. (2006). Making Sense of Issues Through Media Frames: Understanding the Kosovo Crisis: Journal of Politics Vol 68(3) Aug 2006, 640-656.
  • Berry, T. R., Wharf-Higgins, J., & Naylor, P. J. (2007). SARS wars: An examination of the quantity and construction of health information in the news media: Health Communication Vol 21(1) 2007, 35-44.
  • Beyerlein, P., Aubert, X., Haeb-Umbach, R., Harris, M., Klakow, D., Wendemuth, A., et al. (2002). Large vocabulary continuous speech recognition of Broadcast News-The Philips/RWTH approach: Speech Communication Vol 37(1-2) May 2002, 109-131.
  • Bhatia, A. (2006). Critical discourse analysis of political press conferences: Discourse & Society Vol 17(2) Mar 2006, 173-203.
  • Billsus, D., & Pazzani, M. J. (2000). User modeling for adaptive news access: User Modeling and User-Adapted Interaction Vol 10(2-3) 2000, 147-180.
  • Bishop, H., & Jaworski, A. (2003). 'We beat 'em': Nationalism and the hegemony of homogeneity in the British press reportage of Germany versus England during Euro 2000: Discourse & Society Vol 14(3) May 2003, 243-271.
  • Bishop, R. (2003). The World's Nicest Grown-Up: A Fantasy Theme Analysis of News Media Coverage of Fred Rogers: Journal of Communication Vol 53(1) Mar 2003, 16-31.
  • Bivins, T. (2004). Mixed media: Moral distinctions in advertising, public relations, and journalism. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Publishers.
  • Bloch, L.-R., & Lemish, D. (2003). The megaphone effect: The international diffusion of cultural media via the USA. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Publishers.
  • Block, J. J., & Crain, B. R. (2007). Omissions and Errors in "Media Violence and the American Public." American Psychologist Vol 62(3) Apr 2007, 252-253.
  • Blood, R. W., Pirkis, J., & Holland, K. (2007). Media reporting of suicide methods: An Australian perspective: Crisis: The Journal of Crisis Intervention and Suicide Prevention Vol 28(Suppl 1) 2007, 64-69.
  • Bloom, R. W. (2002). On media violence: Whose facts? Whose misinformation? : American Psychologist Vol 57(6-7) Jun-Jul 2002, 447-448.
  • Bloom, R. W. (2005). Who's in Control? : PsycCRITIQUES Vol 50 (45), 2005.
  • Blum, D. (1999). Reporting on the changing science of human behavior. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Publishers.
  • Blum-Kulka, S., Blondheim, M., & Hacohen, G. (2002). Traditions of dispute: From negotiations of talmudic texts to the arena of political discourse in the media: Journal of Pragmatics Vol 34(10-11) Oct-Nov 2002, 1569-1594.
  • Boczkowski, P. J. (2004). The Processes of Adopting Multimedia and Interactivity in Three Online Newsrooms: Journal of Communication Vol 54(2) Jun 2004, 197-213.
  • Bolam, B., McLean, C., Pennington, A., & Gillies, P. (2006). Using New Media to Build Social Capital for Health: A Qualitative Process Evaluation Study of Participation in the CityNet Project: Journal of Health Psychology Vol 11(2) Mar 2006, 297-308.
  • Bonett, D. G. (2007). Transforming Odds Ratios Into Correlations for Meta-Analytic Research: American Psychologist Vol 62(3) Apr 2007, 254-255.
  • Bonich, M. A. (2007). The effect of student perceptions of belonging and academic press on academic performance. Dissertation Abstracts International Section A: Humanities and Social Sciences.
  • Boomgaarden, H. G., & de Vreese, C. H. (2007). Dramatic real-world events and public opinion dynamics: Media coverage and its impact on public reactions to an assassination: International Journal of Public Opinion Research Vol 19(3) Aut 2007, 354-366.
  • Borgida, E., & Stark, E. N. (2004). New Media and Politics: Some Insights From Social and Political Psychology: American Behavioral Scientist Vol 48(4) Dec 2004, 467-478.
  • Boscheck, R. (1998). New Media Economics are Transforming Consumer Relations: Long Range Planning: International Journal of Strategic Management Vol 31(6) Dec 1998, 873-878.
  • Boyle, M. P., Schmierbach, M., Armstrong, C. L., Cho, J., McCluskey, M., McLeod, D. M., et al. (2006). Expressive Responses to News Stories About Extremist Groups: A Framing Experiment: Journal of Communication Vol 56(2) Jun 2006, 271-288.
  • Boyle, R., & Haynes, R. (2006). The Football Industry and Public Relations. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Publishers.
  • Bracken, C. C. (2006). Perceived credibility of local television news: The impact of television form and presence: Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media Vol 50(4) Dec 2006, 723-741.
  • Bradshaw, G. S. (2007). Exploration into the effect of general pretrial publicity on juror decision making. Dissertation Abstracts International: Section B: The Sciences and Engineering.
  • Bradshaw, K. A., Foust, J. C., & Bernt, J. P. (2005). Local Television News Anchors' Public Appearances: Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media Vol 49(2) Jun 2005, 166-181.
  • Braunwarth, J. J. (1999). The cognitive conceptualization of television news and the practice of politics. Dissertation Abstracts International Section A: Humanities and Social Sciences.
  • Brewer, P. R., & Cao, X. (2006). Candidate Appearances on Soft News Shows and Public Knowledge About Primary Campaigns: Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media Vol 50(1) Mar 2006, 18-35.
  • Brinson, P. (2006). Liberation Frequency: The Free Radio Movement and Alternative Strategies of Media Relations: Sociological Quarterly Vol 47(4) Fal 2006, 543-568.
  • Brodie, M., Kjellson, N., Hoff, T., & Parker, M. (1999). Perceptions of Latinos, African Americans, and Whites on media as a health information source: Howard Journal of Communications Vol 10(3) Jul-Sep 1999, 147-167.
  • Brosius, H.-B. (2000). Toward an exemplification theory of news effects: Document Design Vol 2(1) 2000-2001, 19-27.
  • Brosius, H.-B. (2003). Exemplars in the news: A theory of the effects of political communication. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Publishers.
  • Brossard, D., & Nisbet, M. C. (2007). Deference to scientific authority among a low information public: Understanding U.S. opinion on agricultural biotechnology: International Journal of Public Opinion Research Vol 19(1) Spr 2007, 24-52.
  • Brown, J., Chapman, S., & Lupton, D. (1996). Infinitesimal risk as public health crisis: News media coverage of a doctor-patient HIV contact tracing investigation: Social Science & Medicine Vol 43(12) Dec 1996, 1685-1695.
  • Bruschke, J., & Loges, W. E. (2004). Free press vs. fair trials: Examining publicity's role in trial outcomes. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Publishers.
  • Bryant, J., & Zillmann, D. (2002). Media effects: Advances in theory and research (2nd ed.). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Publishers.
  • Buchman, J. G. (2000). Television newscast promotion and marketing. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Publishers.
  • Bucy, E. P. (1999). The emotional appropriateness heuristic: Viewer assessments of televised presidential reactions to compelling news events. (television, Bill Clinton). Dissertation Abstracts International Section A: Humanities and Social Sciences.
  • Bucy, E. P. (2004). The Interactivity Paradox: Closer to the News but Confused. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Publishers.
  • Bucy, E. P., Gantz, W., & Wang, Z. (2007). Media Technology and the 24-Hour News Cycle. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Publishers.
  • Bucy, E. P., & Newhagen, J. E. (1999). The emotional appropriateness heuristic: Processing televised presidential reactions to the news: Journal of Communication Vol 49(4) Fal 1999, 59-79.
  • Bucy, E. P., & Newhagen, J. E. (1999). The micro- and macrodrama of politics on television: Effects of media format on candidate evaluations: Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media Vol 43(2) Spr 1999, 193-210.
  • Buijzen, M., van der Molen, J. H. W., & Sondij, P. (2007). Parental mediation of children's emotional responses to a violent news event: Communication Research Vol 34(2) Apr 2007, 212-230.
  • Bulkeley, C. C. (2004). Whose News? Progress and Status of Women in Newspapers (Mostly) and Television News. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Publishers.
  • Bunz, U. (2005). Publish or perish: A limited author analysis of ICA and NCA journals: Journal of Communication Vol 55(4) Dec 2005, 703-720.
  • Burgoyne, C. B. (1997). Distributive justice and rationing in the NHS: Framing effects in press coverage of a controversial decision: Journal of Community & Applied Social Psychology Vol 7(2) Apr 1997, 119-136.
  • Burke, T. M. (2000). The impact of pretrial publicity on jurors: Are there posttrial effects? Dissertation Abstracts International: Section B: The Sciences and Engineering.
  • Bushman, B. J., & Anderson, C. A. (2001). Media violence and the American public: Scientific facts versus media misinformation: American Psychologist Vol 56(6-7) Jun-Jul 2001, 477-489.
  • Bushman, B. J., & Anderson, C. A. (2007). Measuring the Strength of the Effect of Violent Media on Aggression: American Psychologist Vol 62(3) Apr 2007, 253-254.
  • Caburnay, C. A., Kreuter, M. W., Luke, D. A., Logan, R. A., Jacobsen, H. A., Reddy, V. C., et al. (2003). The News on Health Behavior: Coverage of Diet, Activity, and Tobacco in Local Newspapers: Health Education & Behavior Vol 30(6) Dec 2003, 709-722.
  • Campbell, K. B. (2004). Inventing Civic Mapping. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Publishers.
  • Canellos, P. S. (2005). Voice: Elizabeth Neuffer: In Memoriam: Journal of Aggression, Maltreatment & Trauma Vol 10(1-2) 2005, 479-481.
  • Cann, D. J., & Mohr, P. B. (2001). Journalist and source gender in Australian television news: Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media Vol 45(1) Win 2001, 162-174.
  • Cantor, J., & Nathanson, A. I. (1996). Children's fright reactions to television news: Journal of Communication Vol 46(4) Fal 1996, 139-152.
  • Carll, E. K. (2003). News portrayal of violence and women: Implications for public policy: American Behavioral Scientist Vol 46(12) Aug 2003, 1601-1610.
  • Carll, E. K. (2003). Psychology, news media, and public policy: Promoting social change: American Behavioral Scientist Vol 46(12) Aug 2003, 1591-1593.
  • Carll, E. K. (2005). Violence and Women: News Coverage of Victims and Perpetrators. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
  • Carnes, P. J. (1998). Editorial: The presidential diagnosis: Sexual Addiction & Compulsivity Vol 5(3) 1998, 153-158.
  • Carney, S. K. (2004). Representations of social responsibility: Complicating news stories of maternal neglect/abuse. Dissertation Abstracts International: Section B: The Sciences and Engineering.
  • Carragee, K. M., & Roefs, W. (2004). The Neglect of Power in Recent Framing Research: Journal of Communication Vol 54(2) Jun 2004, 214-233.
  • Cassidy, W. P. (2007). Online News Credibility: An Examination of the Perceptions of Newspaper Journalists: Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication Vol 12(2) Jan 2007, 478-498.
  • Caviglia, F. (2006). Understanding public discourse about violence and crime: A challenge for critical discourse analysis at school. Amsterdam, Netherlands: John Benjamins Publishing Company.
  • Chafetz, P. K., Holmes, H., Lande, K., Childress, E., & Glazer, H. R. (1998). Older adults and the news media: Utilization, opinions, and preferred reference terms: The Gerontologist Vol 38(4) Aug 1998, 481-489.
  • Chaffee, S., Morduchowicz, R., & Galperin, H. (1997). Education for democracy in Argentina: Effects of a newspaper-in-school program: International Journal of Public Opinion Research Vol 9(4) Win 1997, 313-335.
  • Chalaby, J. K. (2004). Scandal and the Rise of Investigative Reporting in France: American Behavioral Scientist Vol 47(9) May 2004, 1194-1207.
  • Champion, D., & Chapman, S. (2005). Framing pub smoking bans: An analysis of Australian print news media coverage, March 1996-March 2003: Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health Vol 59(8) Aug 2005, 679-684.
  • Chan, J. K.-C., & Leung, L. (2005). Lifestyles, reliance on traditional news media and online news adoption: New Media & Society Vol 7(3) Jun 2005, 357-382.
  • Chan, J. M., Lee, F. L. F., & Pan, Z. (2006). Online news meets established journalism: How China's journalists evaluate the credibility of news websites: New Media & Society Vol 8(6) Dec 2006, 925-947.
  • Chancer, L. S. (1998). Playing gender against race through high-profile crime cases: The Tyson/Thomas/Simpson pattern of the 1990s: Violence Against Women Vol 4(1) Feb 1998, 100-113.
  • Chang, H.-c. (1998). The effect of news teasers in processing TV news: Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media Vol 42(3) Sum 1998, 327-339.
  • Chang, T.-K., Wang, J., & Chen, C.-H. (1998). The social construction of international imagery in the post-Cold War era: A comparative analysis of U.S. and Chinese national TV news: Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media Vol 42(3) Sum 1998, 277-296.
  • Charness, N., & Holley, P. (2004). The New Media and Older Adults: Usable and Useful? : American Behavioral Scientist Vol 48(4) Dec 2004, 416-433.
  • Chavez, V., & Dorfman, L. (1997). Spanish language television news portrayals of youth and violence in California: International Quarterly of Community Health Education Vol 16(2) 1997, 121-138.
  • Chavez, V., & Dorfman, L. (2003). Spanish language television news portrayals of youth and violence in California. Amityville, NY: Baywood Publishing Co.
  • Cheit, R. E. (2003). What hysteria? A systematic study of newspaper coverage of accused child molesters: Child Abuse & Neglect Vol 27(6) Jun 2003, 607-623.
  • Chen, L. (2005). Review of New media language: Language in Society Vol 34(4) Sep 2005, 646-649.
  • Chen, S. S., Eide, E., Gales, M. J. F., Gopinath, R. A., Kanvesky, D., & Olsen, P. (2002). Automatic transcription of Broadcast News: Speech Communication Vol 37(1-2) May 2002, 69-87.
  • Chen, W. (1997). A socio-professional portrait of the Washington, D.C., foreign correspondents. Dissertation Abstracts International Section A: Humanities and Social Sciences.
  • Cheng, A. T. A., Hawton, K., Chen, T. H. H., Yen, A. M. F., Chang, J.-C., Chong, M.-Y., et al. (2007). The influence of media reporting of a celebrity suicide on suicidal behavior in patients with a history of depressive disorder: Journal of Affective Disorders Vol 103(1-3) Nov 2007, 69-75.
  • Chermak, S. (2005). Review of Crime and Local Television News: Dramatic, Breaking, and Live From the Scene: Journal of Communication Vol 55(1) Mar 2005, 194-195.
  • Chermak, S., & Chapman, N. M. (2007). Predicting crime story salience: A replication: Journal of Criminal Justice Vol 35(4) Jul-Aug 2007, 351-363.
  • Chermak, S., & Weiss, A. (2005). Maintaining legitimacy using external communication strategies: An analysis of police-media relations: Journal of Criminal Justice Vol 33(5) Sep-Oct 2005, 501-512.
  • Chew, P. G.-L. (2002). Political women in Singapore: A socio-linguistic analysis: Women's Studies International Forum Vol 24(6) Nov-Dec 2002, 727-736.
  • Chia, S. C., Yong, S. Y. J., Wong, Z. W. D., & Koh, W. L. (2007). Personal bias or government bias? Testing the hostile media effect in a regulated press system: International Journal of Public Opinion Research Vol 19(3) Aut 2007, 313-330.
  • Chiricos, T., & Eschholz, S. (2002). The racial and ethnic typification of crime and the criminal typification of race and ethnicity in local television news: Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency Vol 39(4) Nov 2002, 400-420.
  • Chiricos, T., Eschholz, S., & Gertz, M. (1997). Crime, news and fear of crime: Toward an identification of audience effects: Social Problems Vol 44(3) Aug 1997, 342-357.
  • Cho, J. (2005). Media, Interpersonal Discussion, and Electoral Choice: Communication Research Vol 32(3) Jun 2005, 295-322.
  • Cho, J., Boyle, M. P., Keum, H., Shevy, M. D., McLeod, D. M., Shah, D. V., et al. (2003). Media, Terrorism, and Emotionality: Emotional Differences in Media Content and Public Reactions to the September 11-super(th) Terrorist Attacks: Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media Vol 47(3) Sep 2003, 309-327.
  • Cho, J., Gil de Zuniga, H., Shah, D. V., & McLeod, D. M. (2006). Cue Convergence: Associative Effects on Social Intolerance: Communication Research Vol 33(3) Jun 2006, 136-154.
  • Choi, J. H., Watt, J. H., & Lynch, M. (2006). Perceptions of News Credibility about the War in Iraq: Why War Opponents Perceived the Internet as the Most Credible Medium: Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication Vol 12(1) Oct 2006, 209-229.
  • Choi, Y. J., & Lee, J. H. (2006). The role of a scene in framing a story: An analysis of a scene's position, length, and proportion: Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media Vol 50(4) Dec 2006, 703-722.
  • Choi, Y. J., & Lee, J. H. (2007). Effects of image-issue and positive-negative scene orders in broadcast news: Mass Communication and Society Vol 10(1) 2007, 43-65.
  • Chou, S. (2004). Effects of Visual Intensity and Audiovisual Redundancy in Bad News: Media Psychology Vol 6(3) Aug 2004, 237-256.
  • Christen, C. T., & Gunther, A. C. (2003). The influence of mass media and other culprits on the projection of personal opinion: Communication Research Vol 30(4) Aug 2003, 414-431.
  • Christians, C. G. (2004). The Changing News Paradigm: From Objectivity to Interpretive Sufficiency. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Publishers.
  • Claussen, D. S. (2004). Cognitive dissonance, media illiteracy, and public opinion on news media: American Behavioral Scientist Vol 48(2) Oct 2004, 212-218.
  • Clawson, R. A., Strine, H. C. N. I. V., & Waltenburg, E. N. (2003). Framing Supreme Court decisions: The mainstream versus the Black press: Journal of Black Studies Vol 33(6) Jul 2003, 784-800.
  • Clayman, S. E. (2002). Disagreement and third parties: Dilemmas of neutralism in panel news interviews: Journal of Pragmatics Vol 34(10-11) Oct-Nov 2002, 1385-1401.
  • Clayman, S. E. (2006). Understanding News Media: The Relevance of Interaction. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications Ltd.
  • Clayman, S. E., Heritage, J., Elliott, M. N., & McDonald, L. L. (2007). When Does the Watchdog Bark? Conditions of Aggressive Questioning in Presidential News Conferences: American Sociological Review Vol 72(1) Feb 2007, 23-41.
  • Cohen, Y. (2005). Religion news in Israel: Journal of Media and Religion Vol 4(3) 2005, 179-198.
  • Coleman, R. (2004). Oral and Life Histories: Giving Voice to the Voiceless. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Publishers.
  • Coleman, R., & Wu, H. D. (2006). More Than Words Alone: Incorporating Broadcasters' Nonverbal Communication Into the Stages of Crisis Coverage Theory--Evidence From September 11th: Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media Vol 50(1) Mar 2006, 1-17.
  • Collings, S. J. (2002). The impact of contextual ambiguity on the interpretation and recall of child sexual abuse media reports: Journal of Interpersonal Violence Vol 17(10) Oct 2002, 1063-1074.
  • Conaway, S. B. (2007). Girls who (don't) wear glasses: The performativity of smart girls on teen television. Dissertation Abstracts International Section A: Humanities and Social Sciences.
  • Conrad, P. (1997). Public eyes and private genes: Historical frames, news constructions, and social problems: Social Problems Vol 44(2) May 1997, 139-154.
  • Conrad, P. (2001). Genetic optimism: Framing genes and mental illness in the news: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry Vol 25(2) Jun 2001, 225-247.
  • Conway, M. (2007). A guest in our living room: The television newscaster before the rise of the dominant anchor: Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media Vol 51(3) Sep 2007, 457-478.
  • Cooper, C. P., Burgoon, M., & Roter, D. L. (2001). An expectancy-value analysis of viewer interest in television prevention news stories: Health Communication Vol 13(3) Jul 2001, 227-240.
  • Cooper, C. P., Roter, D. L., & Langlieb, A. M. (2000). Using entertainment taelevision to build a context for prevention news stories: Preventive Medicine: An International Journal Devoted to Practice and Theory Vol 31(3) Sep 2000, 225-231.
  • Cooper, M. (2007). When law and social science go hand in glove: Usage and importance of local and national news sources--critical questions and answers for media market analysis. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Publishers.
  • Cosgrove, A., & Bruce, T. (2005). "The Way New Zealanders Would Like to See Themselves": Reading White Masculinity via Media Coverage of the Death of Sir Peter Blake: Sociology of Sport Journal Vol 22(3) Sep 2005, 336-355.
  • Coverdale, J., Nairn, R., & Claasen, D. (2000). A legal opinion's consequences for the stigmatisation of the mentally ill: Case analysis: Psychiatry, Psychology and Law Vol 7(2) Nov 2000, 192-197.
  • Covert, T. J. A., & Wasburn, P. C. (2007). Measuring media bias: A content analysis of Time and Newsweek coverage of domestic social issues, 1975-2000: Social Science Quarterly Vol 88(3) Sep 2007, 690-706.
  • Coyne, S. M., Archer, J., & Eslea, M. (2004). Cruel intentions on television and in real life: Can viewing indirect aggression increase viewers' subsequent indirect aggression? : Journal of Experimental Child Psychology Vol 88(3) Jul 2004, 234-253.
  • Cramer, J. M., & McDevitt, M. (2004). Ethnographic Journalism. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Publishers.
  • Cromer, G. (2005). The Rhetoric of Victimization: An Analysis of the Coverage of Intifada El-Aqsa in the Israeli Press: International Review of Victimology Vol 12(3) 2005, 235-245.
  • Cunningham, G. B., Sagas, M., Sartore, M. L., Amsden, M. L., & Schellhase, A. (2004). Gender Representation in the NCAA News : Is the Glass Half Full or Half Empty? : Sex Roles Vol 50(11-12) Jun 2004, 861-870.
  • Curtis, B., & Hunt, A. (2007). The Fellatio 'Epidemic': Age Relations and Access to the Erotic Arts: Sexualities Vol 10(1) Feb 2007, 5-28.
  • D'Alessio, M., & Ricci, M. E. (2004). News and current affairs aimed at children: Eta Evolutiva No 79 Oct 2004, 20-30.
  • D'Angelo, P. (2006). News Narratives and News Framing: Constructing Political Reality Communication, Media, and Politics: Mass Communication and Society Vol 9(2) 2006, 257-260.
  • Daniels, G. L., & Loggins, G. M. (2007). Conceptualizing Continuous Coverage: A Strategic Model for Wall-to-Wall Local Television Weather Broadcasts: Journal of Applied Communication Research Vol 35(1) Feb 2007, 48-66.
  • Dardis, F. E. (2006). Marginalization Devices in U.S. Press Coverage of Iraq War Protest: A Content Analysis: Mass Communication and Society Vol 9(2) 2006, 117-135.
  • Dauber, C. E. (2006). Life in Wartime: Real-Time News, Real-Time Critique, Fighting in the New Media Environment. Westport, CT: Praeger Security International.
  • David, P. (1998). News concreteness and visual-verbal association: Do news pictures narrow the recall gap between concrete and abstract news? : Human Communication Research Vol 25(2) Dec 1998, 180-201.
  • Davidson, A. E., & Wallack, L. (2004). A Content Analysis of Sexually Transmitted Diseases in the Print News Media: Journal of Health Communication Vol 9(2) Mar-Apr 2004, 111-117.
  • Davidson, J., & Smith, M. (2003). Bio-phobias/techno-philias: Virtual reality exposure as treatment for phobias of 'nature': Sociology of Health & Illness Vol 25(6) Sep 2003, 644-661.
  • Davis, A. (2006). The role of the mass media in investor relations: Journal of Communication Management Vol 10(1) 2006, 7-17.
  • Davis, J. J. (2003). The Accessibility Divide: The Visually-Impaired and Access to Online News: Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media Vol 47(3) Sep 2003, 474-481.
  • de Bere, S. R., & Petersen, A. (2006). Out of the dissecting room: News media portrayal of human anatomy teaching and research: Social Science & Medicine Vol 63(1) Jul 2006, 76-88.
  • de Boer, C., & Velthuijsen, A. S. (2001). Participation in conversations about the news: International Journal of Public Opinion Research Vol 13(2) Sum 2001, 140-158.
  • de Vreese, C. (2004). The Effects of Strategic News on Political Cynicism, Issue Evaluations, and Policy Support: A Two-Wave Experiment: Mass Communication and Society Vol 7(2) 2004, 191-214.
  • de Vreese, C. H. (2005). The Spiral of Cynicism Reconsidered: European Journal of Communication Vol 20(3) Sep 2005, 283-301.
  • de Vreese, C. H., & Semetko, H. A. (2002). Cynical and engaged: Strategic campaign coverage, public opinion and mobilization in a referendum: Communication Research Vol 29(6) Dec 2002, 615-641.
  • de Vreese, C. H., & Semetko, H. A. (2002). Public perception of polls and support for restrictions on the publication of polls: Denmark's 2000 Euro referendum: International Journal of Public Opinion Research Vol 14(4) Win 2002, 367-390.
  • del Zotto, A. C. (2002). Weeping women, wringing hands: How the mainstream media stereotyped women's experiences in Kosovo: Journal of Gender Studies Vol 11(2) Jul 2002, 141-150.
  • Delwiche, A. (2004). Book Reviews: Robert I. Berkman and Christopher A. Shumway's Digital Dilemmas: Ethical Issues for Online Media Professionals: Mass Communication and Society Vol 7(4) 2004, 521-523.
  • Desmond, R. J. (1989). A Psychological View of Broadcast News: PsycCRITIQUES Vol 34 (6), Jun, 1989.
  • Deurenberg-Yap, M., Foo, L. L., Low, Y. Y., Chan, S. P., Vijaya, K., & Lee, M. (2005). The Singaporean response to the SARS outbreak: Knowledge sufficiency versus public trust: Health Promotion International Vol 20(4) Dec 2005, 320-326.
  • Deuze, M. (2003). The web and its journalisms: considering the consequences of different types of newsmedia online: New Media & Society Vol 5(2) Jun 2003, 203-230.
  • Dickerson, D. L. (2001). Framing "political correctness": The New York Times' tale of two professors. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Publishers.
  • DiFonzo, N., & Bordia, P. (1997). Rumor and prediction: Making sense (but losing dollars) in the stock market: Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes Vol 71(3) Sep 1997, 329-353.
  • Dimitrova, D. V., & Connolly-Ahern, C. (2007). A tale of two wars: Framing analysis of online news sites in coalition countries and the Arab world during the Iraq war: Howard Journal of Communications Vol 18(2) Apr-Jun 2007, 153-168.
  • Dimitrova, D. V., & Neznanski, M. (2006). Online Journalism and the War in Cyberspace: A Comparison Between U.S. and International Newspapers: Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication Vol 12(1) Oct 2006, 248-263.
  • Dinan, T. G. (2000). Antidepressants and violence: Cause for concern or media hype? : Human Psychopharmacology: Clinical and Experimental Vol 15(6) Aug 2000, iii-iv.
  • Dixon, T. L. (2006). Psychological Reactions to Crime News Portrayals of Black Criminals: Understanding the Moderating Roles of Prior News Viewing and Stereotype Endorsement: Communication Monographs Vol 73(2) Jun 2006, 162-187.
  • Dixon, T. L., & Azocar, C. L. (2006). The Representation of Juvenile Offenders by Race on Los Angeles Area Television News: Howard Journal of Communications Vol 17(2) Apr-Jun 2006, 143-161.
  • Dixon, T. L., & Azocar, C. L. (2007). Priming crime and activating Blackness: Understanding the psychological impact of the overrepresentation of Blacks as lawbreakers on television news: Journal of Communication Vol 57(2) Jun 2007, 229-253.
  • Dixon, T. L., Azocar, C. L., & Casas, M. (2003). The Portrayal of Race and Crime on Television Network News: Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media Vol 47(4) Dec 2003, 498-523.
  • Dixon, T. L., & Linz, D. (2000). Overrepresentation and underrepresentation of African Americans and Latinos as lawbreakers on television news: Journal of Communication Vol 50(2) Spr 2000, 131-154.
  • Dixon, T. L., & Linz, D. (2000). Race and the misrepresentation of victimization on local television news: Communication Research Vol 27(5) Oct 2000, 547-573.
  • Dixon, T. L., & Linz, D. (2002). Television news, prejudicial pretrial publicity, and the depiction of race: Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media Vol 46(1) Win 2002, 112-136.
  • Doka, K. J. (2003). What Makes a Tragedy Public? New York, NY: Brunner-Routledge.
  • Dolan, P. R. (2003). Public Grief and the News Media. New York, NY: Brunner-Routledge.
  • Domke, D. (2001). Racial cues and political ideology: An examination of association priming: Communication Research Vol 28(6) Dec 2001, 772-801.
  • Domke, D., Garland, P., Billeaudeaux, A., & Hutcheson, J. (2003). Insights Into U.S. Racial Hierarchy: Racial Profiling, News Sources, and September 11: Journal of Communication Vol 53(4) Dec 2003, 606-625.
  • Domke, D., McCoy, K., & Torres, M. (1999). News media, racial perceptions, and political cognition: Communication Research Vol 26(5) Oct 1999, 570-607.
  • Dorfman, L. (2003). Studying the News on Public Health: How Content Analysis Supports Media Advocacy: American Journal of Health Behavior Vol 27(Suppl3) 2003, S217-S226.
  • Dorfman, L., Woodruff, K., Chavez, V., & Wallack, L. (1997). Youth and violence on local television news in California: American Journal of Public Health Vol 87(8) Aug 1997, 1311-1316.
  • Dowler, K. (2002). Media influence on attitudes toward guns and gun control: American Journal of Criminal Justice Vol 26(2) Spr 2002, 235-247.
  • Dowler, K. (2004). Comparing American and Canadian Local Television Crime Stories: A Content Analysis: Canadian Journal of Criminology and Criminal Justice Vol 46(5) Oct 2004, 573-596.
  • Downey, J., & Fenton, N. (2003). New media, counter publicity and the public sphere: New Media & Society Vol 5(2) Jun 2003, 185-202.
  • Doyle, A., & Ericson, R. V. (1996). Breaking into prison: News sources and correctional institutions: Canadian Journal of Criminology Vol 38(2) Apr 1996, 155-190.
  • Dreer, L. E. (2005). FoxNews.com Highlights Behavior Therapy for Kids With OCD: the Behavior Therapist Vol 28(4) Apr 2005, 69-71.
  • Dreer, L. E. (2006). ABCT Member Jennifer S. Cheavens Featured on CNN's American Morning: the Behavior Therapist Vol 29(6) Sep 2006, 116-118.
  • Drew, P. (2003). Comparative analysis of talk-in-interaction in different institutional settings: A sketch. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Publishers.
  • Duck, J. M., Terry, D. J., & Hogg, M. A. (1998). Perceptions of a media campaign: The role of social identity and the changing intergroup context: Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin Vol 24(1) Jan 1998, 3-16.
  • Dunwoody, S. (1999). Scientists, journalists, and the meaning of uncertainty. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Publishers.
  • Dunwoody, S., & Griffin, R. J. (2002). Judgmental heuristics and news reporting. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.
  • duPlessis, R., & Li, X. (2006). Cross-Media Partnership and Its Effect on Technological Convergence of Online News Content: A Content Analysis of 100 Internet Newspapers. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Publishers.
  • Durand, J. (2003). Media representations of time. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Publishers.
  • Durham, F. D. (2001). Breaching powerful boundaries: A postmodern critique of framing. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Publishers.
  • Dutta-Bergman, M. J. (2004). Complementarity in consumption of news types across traditional and new media: Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media Vol 48(1) 2004, 41-60.
  • Edwards, J. L., & Ware, L. (2005). Representing the public in campaign media: A political cartoon perspective: American Behavioral Scientist Vol 49(3) Nov 2005, 466-478.
  • Edy, J. A. (1999). Journalistic uses of collective memory: Journal of Communication Vol 49(2) Spr 1999, 71-85.
  • Ehrlich, M. C. (2007). Radio prototype: Edward R. Murrow and Fred Friendly's Hear it Now: Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media Vol 51(3) Sep 2007, 438-456.
  • Einsiedel, E., & Thorne, B. (1999). Public reponses to uncertainty. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Publishers.
  • Eisner, A. B., Jett, Q. R., & Korn, H. J. (2006). Playing to Their Strengths: Strategies of Incumbent and Start-Up Firms in Web-Based Periodicals. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Publishers.
  • Elliott, A. J., & Chapman, S. (2000). 'Heroin hell their own making': Construction of heroin users in the Australian press 1992-97: Drug and Alcohol Review Vol 19(2) Jun 2000, 191-201.
  • Emmertsen, S. (2007). Interviewers' challenging questions in British debate interviews: Journal of Pragmatics Vol 39(3) Mar 2007, 570-591.
  • Engstrom, E., & Ferri, A. J. (2000). Looking through a gendered lens: Local U.S. television news anchors' perceived career barriers: Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media Vol 44(4) Fal 2000, 614-634.
  • Entman, R. M. (2004). Projections of power: Framing news, public opinion, and U.S. foreign policy. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.
  • Entman, R. M. (2004). Review of The Social Construction of International News: We're Talking About Them, They're Talking About Us: Political Psychology Vol 25(3) Jun 2004, 498-500.
  • Entman, R. M. (2006). Blacks in the News: Television, Modern Racism, and Cultural Change. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Publishers.
  • Erjavec, K. (2004). Beyond advertising and journalism: Hybrid promotional news discourse: Discourse & Society Vol 15(5) Sep 2004, 553-578.
  • Erjavec, K. (2005). Hybrid Public Relations News Discourse: European Journal of Communication Vol 20(2) Jun 2005, 155-179.
  • Eschholz, S., Blackwell, B. S., Gertz, M., & Chiricos, T. (2002). Race and attitudes toward the police: Assessing the effects of watching "reality" police programs: Journal of Criminal Justice Vol 30(4) Jul-Aug 2002, 327-341.
  • Esposito, S. A., & Koch, S. C. (2000). "Relationship" and the evolution of the network news. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Publishers.
  • Esser, F., & de Vreese, C. H. (2007). Comparing young voters' political engagement in the United States and Europe: American Behavioral Scientist Vol 50(9) May 2007, 1195-1213.
  • Etzersdorfer, E., Voracek, M., & Sonneck, G. (2004). A Dose-Response Relationship Between Imitational Suicides and Newspaper Distribution: Archives of Suicide Research Vol 8(2) Apr-Jun 2004, 137-145.
  • Evans, W. D., Renaud, J. M., & Kamerow, D. B. (2006). News media coverage, body mass index, and public attitudes about obesity: Social Marketing Quarterly Vol 12(4) Win 2006, 19-33.
  • Evans, W. D., & Ulasevich, A. (2005). News media tracking of tobacco control: A review of sampling methodologies: Journal of Health Communication Vol 10(5) Jul-Aug 2005, 403-417.
  • Eveland, W. P., Jr. (1998). The process of political learning from the news: The roles of motivation, attention, and elaboration. Dissertation Abstracts International Section A: Humanities and Social Sciences.
  • Eveland, W. P., Jr. (2001). The cognitive mediation model of learning from the news: Evidence from nonelection, off-year election, and presidential election contests: Communication Research Vol 28(5) Oct 2001, 571-601.
  • Eveland, W. P., Jr. (2003). A "mix of attributes" approache to the study of media effects and new communication technologies: Journal of Communication Vol 53(3) Sep 2003, 395-410.
  • Eveland, W. P., Jr., Marton, K., & Seo, M. (2004). Moving Beyond "Just the Facts": The Influence of Online News on the Content and Structure of Public Affairs Knowledge: Communication Research Vol 31(1) Feb 2004, 82-108.
  • Eveland, W. P., Jr., Seo, M., & Marton, K. (2002). Learning from the news in campaign 2000: An experimental comparison of TV news, newspapers, and online news: Media Psychology Vol 4(4) 2002, 353-378.
  • Eveland, W. P., Jr., & Shah, D. V. (2003). The impact of individual and interpersonal factors on perceived news media bias: Political Psychology Vol 24(1) Mar 2003, 101-117.
  • Eveland, W. P., Jr., Shah, D. V., & Kwak, N. (2003). Assessing causality in the cognitive mediation model: A panel study of motivations, information processing, and learning during Campaign 2000: Communication Research Vol 30(4) Aug 2003, 359-386.
  • Faber, R. J., Lee, M., & Nan, X. (2004). Advertising and the Consumer Information Environment Online: American Behavioral Scientist Vol 48(4) Dec 2004, 447-466.
  • Fahmy, S., & Johnson, T. J. (2007). Show the truth and let the audience decide: A web-based survey showing support among viewers of Al-Jazeera for use of graphic imagery: Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media Vol 51(2) Jun 2007, 245-264.
  • Fan, D. P. (2002). Response to Stevenson's comments: International Journal of Public Opinion Research Vol 14(4) Win 2002, 456-458.
  • Fan, D. P., & Holway, W. B. (1994). Media coverage of cocaine and its impact on usage patterns: International Journal of Public Opinion Research Vol 6(2) Sum 1994, 139-162.
  • Fan, D. P., Keltner, K. A., & Wyatt, R. O. (2002). A matter of guilt or innocence: How news reports affect support for the death penalty in the United States: International Journal of Public Opinion Research Vol 14(4) Win 2002, 439-452.
  • Fan, W., Gordon, M. D., & Pathak, P. (2006). An integrated two-stage model for intelligent information routing: Decision Support Systems Vol 42(1) Oct 2006, 362-374.
  • Farberman, R. K. (2003). Strategies for successful interactions with the news media. New York, NY: Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers.
  • Farnsworth, S. J., & Lichter, S. R. (2003). The 2000 New Hampshire Democratic primary and network news: American Behavioral Scientist Vol 46(5) Jan 2003, 588-599.
  • Fass, M. (2006). Secondhand McCarthyism: PsycCRITIQUES Vol 51 (32), 2006.
  • Fein, S., McCloskey, A. L., & Tomlinson, T. M. (1997). Can the jury disregard that information? The use of suspicion to reduce the prejudicial effects of pretrial publicity and inadmissible testimony: Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin Vol 23(11) Nov 1997, 1215-1226.
  • Fenton, N., Bryman, A., Deacon, D., & Birmingham, P. (1998). Mediating social science. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, Inc.
  • Ferguson, C. J. (2002). Media violence: Miscast causality: American Psychologist Vol 57(6-7) Jun-Jul 2002, 446-447.
  • Ferguson, M. J., & Hassin, R. R. (2007). On the automatic association between America and aggression for news watchers: Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin Vol 33(12) Dec 2007, 1632-1647.
  • First, A. (2002). The fluid nature of representation: Transformations in the representation of Arabs in Israeli television news: Howard Journal of Communications Vol 13(2) Apr-Jun 2002, 173-190.
  • Fisher, S., Allan, A., & Allan, M. M. (2004). Exploratory study to examine the impact of television reports of prison escapes on fear of crime, operationalised as state anxiety: Australian Journal of Psychology Vol 56(3) Dec 2004, 181-190.
  • Fleming, K., Thorson, E., & Zhang, Y. (2006). Going Beyond Exposure to Local News Media: An Information-Processing Examination of Public Perceptions of Food Safety: Journal of Health Communication Vol 11(8) Dec 2006, 789-806.
  • Florian, V., Kasher, A., & Malkinson, R. (1998). Public and media perception of bereaved families in Israel: A national survey: Megamot Vol 40(2) Mar 1998, 280-297.
  • Fortunato, J. A. (2005). Making media content: The influence of constituency groups on mass media. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Publishers.
  • Fox, J. R. (2000). Accurate and false memories of television news stories: Confidence and experiential differences in recognition judgments. Dissertation Abstracts International Section A: Humanities and Social Sciences.
  • Fox, J. R. (2004). A Signal Detection Analysis of Audio/Video Redundancy Effects in Television News Video: Communication Research Vol 31(5) Oct 2004, 524-536.
  • Fox, J. R., Lang, A., Chung, Y., Lee, S., Schwartz, N., & Potter, D. (2004). Picture this: Effects of graphics on the processing of television news: Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media Vol 48(4) 2004, 646-674.
  • Fox, J. R., & Park, B. (2006). The "I" of Embedded Reporting: An Analysis of CNN Coverage of the "Shock and Awe" Campaign: Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media Vol 50(1) Mar 2006, 36-51.
  • Francis, C., Pirkis, J., Blood, R. W., Dunt, D., Burgess, P., Morley, B., et al. (2004). The portrayal of mental health and illness in Australian non-fiction media: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry Vol 38(7) Jul 2004, 541-546.
  • Frank, R. (2004). When the going gets tough, the tough go photoshopping: September 11 and the newslore of vengeance and victimization: New Media & Society Vol 6(5) Oct 2004, 633-658.
  • Freedman, J. L., Martin, C. K., & Mota, V. L. (1998). Pretrial publicity: Effects of admonition and expressing pretrial opinions: Legal and Criminological Psychology Vol 3(Part 2) Sep 1998, 255-270.
  • Freeman, H. (2001). "Mass media and psychiatry": Commentary: Current Opinion in Psychiatry Vol 14(6) Nov 2001, 529-530.
  • Friedman, S. M., Dunwoody, S., & Rogers, C. L. (1999). Communicating uncertainty: Media coverage of new and controversial science. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Publishers.
  • Friedman, W. J., & Huttenlocher, J. (1997). Memory for the time of "60 Minutes" stories and news events: Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition Vol 23(3) May 1997, 560-569.
  • Friedrich-Cofer, L. K. (1988). Fathoming the media: PsycCRITIQUES Vol 33 (1), Jan, 1988.
  • Frieske, D. A., & Park, D. C. (1999). Memory for news in young and old adults: Psychology and Aging Vol 14(1) Mar 1999, 90-98.
  • Frojan, M. X., Bueno, J., Santacreu, J., & Gonzalez, M. L. (1997). Treatment of drugs in Spanish press: An analysis in autonomous communities: Revista de Psicologia Social Aplicada Vol 7(1) 1997, 5-20.
  • Fuller, L. (2005). WLBT News in the Deregulation Era: Modern Racism or Representative Picture? : Journal of Black Studies Vol 35(4) Mar 2005, 262-292.
  • Furnham, A., De Siena, S., & Gunter, B. (2002). Children's and adults' recall of children's news stories in both print and audio-visual presentation modalities: Applied Cognitive Psychology Vol 16(2) Mar 2002, 191-210.
  • Furnham, A., De Siena, S., & Gunter, B. (2003). "Children's and adults' recall of children's news stories in both print and audio-visual presentation modalities": Correction: Applied Cognitive Psychology Vol 17(2) Mar 2003, 250.
  • Gabe, J. (2001). Benzodiazepines as a social problem: The case of Halcion: Substance Use & Misuse Vol 36(9-10) 2001, 1233-1259.
  • Gadson, A. D. (2003). Neither hearth nor home: The (un)making of elder care responsibility: Journal of Aging Studies Vol 17(1) Feb 2003, 17-29.
  • Galasinski, D., & Marley, C. (1998). Agency in foreign news: A linguistic complement of a content analytical study: Journal of Pragmatics Vol 30(5) Nov 1998, 565-587.
  • Gamson, W. A. (2002). How storytelling can be empowering. New York, NY: Routledge.
  • Gandy, O. H., Jr., Kopp, K., Hands, T., Frazer, K., & Phillips, D. (1997). Race and risk: Factors affecting the framing of stories about inequality, discrimination and just plain bad luck: Public Opinion Quarterly Vol 61(1) Spr 1997, 158-182.
  • Garrison, B. (2004). Professional feature writing (4th ed.). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Publishers.
  • Gauvain, J.-L., Lamel, L., & Adda, G. (2002). The LIMSI Broadcast News transcription system: Speech Communication Vol 37(1-2) May 2002, 89-108.
  • Gephart, R. P., Jr. (2004). Sensemaking and New Media at Work: American Behavioral Scientist Vol 48(4) Dec 2004, 479-495.
  • Gerety, C. A. (2001). Psychological constructs, dictators and the world press (Vladimir Zhirinovsky, Russia, Jean-Marie le Pen, France, Lee Kuan Yew, Singapore). Dissertation Abstracts International: Section B: The Sciences and Engineering.
  • Gerstl-Pepin, C. I. (2007). Introduction to the special issue on the media, democracy, and the politics of education: Peabody Journal of Education Vol 82(1) 2007, 1-9.
  • Ghanem, S. I., & Wanta, W. (2001). Agenda-setting and Spanish cable news: Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media Vol 45(2) Spr 2001, 277-289.
  • Gibbons, J. A., Lukowski, A. F., & Walker, W. R. (2005). Exposure Increases the Believability of Unbelievable News Headlines via Elaborate Cognitive Processing: Media Psychology Vol 7(3) 2005, 273-300.
  • Gibbons, J. A., Traxel, N. M., Vogl, R. J., & Grimes, T. (2002). The effects of story affect and story role on participants' memory for character sex in news stories: International Journal of Cognitive Technology Vol 7(2) Fal 2002, 23-32.
  • Gibbons, J. A., Vogl, R. J., & Grimes, T. (2003). Memory misattributions for characters in a television news story: Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media Vol 47(1) Mar 2003, 99-112.
  • Gilens, M. (1996). Race and poverty in America: Public misperceptions and the American news media: Public Opinion Quarterly Vol 60(4) Win 1996, 515-541.
  • Gill, R. (2005). Arbeit in der E-Society: Freelancing in neuen Medienberufen: Journal fur Psychologie Vol 13(1-2) 2005, 21-28.
  • Gladney, G. A. (2004). Book Reviews: Don Heider's Class and News: Mass Communication and Society Vol 7(4) 2004, 517-521.
  • Gladney, G. A., & Ehrlich, M. C. (1996). Cross-media response to digital manipulation of still and moving images: Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media Vol 40(4) Fal 1996, 496-508.
  • Goldacre, M. J., Evans, J., & Lambert, T. W. (2003). Media criticism of doctors: Review of UK junior doctors' concerns raised in surveys: BMJ: British Medical Journal Vol 326(7390) Mar 2003, 629-630.
  • Goldney, R. D. (2001). The media and suicide: A cautionary view: Crisis: The Journal of Crisis Intervention and Suicide Prevention Vol 22(4) 2001, 173-175.
  • Gonzenbach, W. J. (1994). The media's language of the drug issue, 1984-1991: Considerations for the cultural definition of an issue over time: Howard Journal of Communications Vol 5(1-2) Fal-Win 1994, 46-68.
  • Goodnow, T. (2005). Using narrative theory to understand the power of news photographs. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Publishers.
  • Gorham, B. W. (2006). News Media's Relationship With Stereotyping: The Linguistic Intergroup Bias in Response to Crime News: Journal of Communication Vol 56(2) Jun 2006, 289-308.
  • Gorr, L. M. (1995). The psychological aspects of victimization in senior adults: Prevalence, severity and relevant factors. Dissertation Abstracts International: Section B: The Sciences and Engineering.
  • Gould, M. S., Midle, J. B., Insel, B., & Kleinman, M. (2007). Suicide reporting content analysis: Abstract development and reliability: Crisis: The Journal of Crisis Intervention and Suicide Prevention Vol 28(4) 2007, 165-174.
  • Grabe, M. E. (2000). Narratives of guilt: Television news magazine coverage of the O. J. Simpson criminal trial: Howard Journal of Communications Vol 11(1) Jan-Mar 2000, 35-48.
  • Grabe, M. E., & Kamhawi, R. (2006). Hard Wired for Negative News? Gender Differences in Processing Broadcast News: Communication Research Vol 33(5) Oct 2006, 346-369.
  • Grabe, M. E., Lang, A., Zhou, S., & Bolls, P. D. (2000). Cognitive access to negatively arousing news: An experimental investigation of the knowledge gap: Communication Research Vol 27(1) Feb 2000, 3-26.
  • Grabe, M. E., & Zhou, S. (2003). News as Aristotelian Drama: The Case of 60 Minutes: Mass Communication and Society Vol 6(3) 2003, 313-336.
  • Grabe, M. E., Zhou, S., Lang, A., & Bolls, P. D. (2000). Packaging television news: The effects of tabloid on information processing and evaluative responses: Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media Vol 44(4) Fal 2000, 581-598.
  • Graber, D. (2003). Styles of image management during crises: Justifying press censorship: Discourse & Society Vol 14(5) Sep 2003, 539-557.
  • Graber, D. (2004). Mediated politics and citizenship in the twenty-first century: Annual Review of Psychology Vol 55 Feb 2004, 545-571.
  • Graber, D. A. (2006). Review of Apprehending Politics: News Media and Individual Political Development: Political Psychology Vol 27(4) Aug 2006, 638-639.
  • Greenberg, J. (2002). Framing and temporality in political cartoons: A critical analysis of visual news discourse: Canadian Review of Sociology and Anthropology Vol 39(2) May 2002, 181-198.
  • Greer, J. D., & Mensing, D. (2006). The Evolution of Online Newspapers: A Longitudinal Content Analysis, 1997-2003. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Publishers.
  • Griesinger, T., & Anderman, E. M. (1997). Motivation to learn about current events: Peace and Conflict: Journal of Peace Psychology Vol 3(2) 1997, 193-212.
  • Griffin, R. J. (1999). Using systematic thinking to choose and evaluate evidence. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Publishers.
  • Griffiths, M. D. (2003). Journalists have responsibility to report risks in context: BMJ: British Medical Journal Vol 327(7428) Dec 2003, 1404.
  • Grimes, T., & Drechsel, R. (2006). Word-Picture Juxtaposition, Schemata, and Defamation in Television News. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Publishers.
  • Gross, K., & Aday, S. (2003). The scary world in your living room and neighborhood: Using local broadcast news, neighborhood crime rates, and personal experience to test agenda setting and cultivation: Journal of Communication Vol 53(3) Sep 2003, 411-426.
  • Guimon, J. (2001). "Mass media and psychiatry": Commentary: Current Opinion in Psychiatry Vol 14(6) Nov 2001, 533-534.
  • Gulati, G. J., Just, M. R., & Crigler, A. N. (2004). News Coverage of Political Campaigns. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Publishers.
  • Gunter, B., Charlton, T., & Charlton, D. (2002). Where next? Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Publishers.
  • Gunter, B., Furnham, A., & Griffiths, S. (2000). Children's memory for news: A comparison of three presentation media: Media Psychology Vol 2(2) 2000, 93-118.
  • Gunter, B., & Ward, K. (1997). New reporting of television violence in the British press: Zeitschrift fur Medienpsychologie Vol 9(4) Dec 1997, 253-270.
  • Gunter, V. J. (2005). News media and technological risks: The case of pesticides after Silent Spring: Sociological Quarterly Vol 46(4) Fal 2005, 671-698.
  • Gunther, A. C., & Christen, C. T. (2002). Projection of persuasive press? Contrary effects of personal opinion and perceived news coverage on estimates of public opinion: Journal of Communication Vol 52(1) Mar 2002, 177-195.
  • Gunther, A. C., & Liebhart, J. L. (2006). Broad Reach or Biased Source? Decomposing the Hostile Media Effect: Journal of Communication Vol 56(3) Sep 2006, 449-466.
  • Gunther, A. C., & Schmitt, K. (2004). Mapping Boundaries of the Hostile Media Effect: Journal of Communication Vol 54(1) Mar 2004, 55-70.
  • Gusting, G. (1999). When a war is not a war: Abortion, Desert Storm, and representations of protest in American TV news: Sociological Quarterly Vol 40(1) Win 1999, 159-176.
  • Haas, E. (2007). False equivalency: Think tank references on education in the news media: Peabody Journal of Education Vol 82(1) 2007, 63-102.
  • Haas, T. (2004). Qualitative Case Study Methods in Newsroom Research and Reporting: The Case of the Akron Beacon Journal. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Publishers.
  • Hachten, W. A. (2005). The troubles of journalism: A critical look at what's right and wrong with the press, 3rd ed. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Publishers.
  • Hacker, K. L. (1992). A political linguistics analysis of network television news viewers' discourse: Howard Journal of Communications Vol 3(3-4) Win-Spr 1992, 299-316.
  • Haddington, P. (2006). Identity and stance taking in news interviews: A case study. Amsterdam, Netherlands: John Benjamins Publishing Company.
  • Hall, A., & Cappella, J. N. (2002). The impact of political talk radio exposure on attributions about the outcome of the 1996 U.S. presidential election: Journal of Communication Vol 52(2) Jun 2002, 332-350.
  • Hall, C., Sarangi, S., & Slembrouck, S. (1997). Narrative transformation in child abuse reporting: Child Abuse Review Vol 6(4) Oct 1997, 272-282.
  • Hall, J. A. (2006). Aligning darkness with conspiracy theory: The discursive effects of African American interest in Gary Webb's "Dark Alliance." Howard Journal of Communications Vol 17(3) Jul-Sep 2006, 205-222.
  • Hall, S. S., & Seery, B. L. (2006). Behind the Facts: Helping Students Evaluate Media Reports of Psychological Research: Teaching of Psychology Vol 33(2) 2006, 101-104.
  • Haller, B. (1999). AIDS as a legally defined disability: Implications from news media coverage. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Publishers.
  • Haller, B., Dorries, B., & Rahn, J. (2006). Media labeling versus the US disability community identity: A study of shifting cultural language: Disability & Society Vol 21(1) Jan 2006, 61-75.
  • Haller, H. B., & Norpoth, H. (1997). Reality bites: News exposure and economic opinion: Public Opinion Quarterly Vol 61(4) Win 1997, 555-575.
  • Hamilton, J. T. (2004). All the news that's fit to sell: How the market transforms information into news. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
  • Hammersley, M. (2003). Media Representation of Research: The case of a review of ethnic minority education: British Educational Research Journal Vol 29(3) Jun 2003, 327-344.
  • Hanitzsch, T. (2007). Deconstructing journalism culture: Toward a universal theory: Communication Theory Vol 17(4) Nov 2007, 367-385.
  • Hanson, R. E. (1997). Objectivity and narrative in contemporary reporting: A formal analysis: Symbolic Interaction Vol 20(4) 1997, 385-396.
  • Hardin, M., Dodd, J. E., & Lauffer, K. (2006). Passing It On: The Reinforcement of Male Hegemony in Sports Journalism Textbooks: Mass Communication and Society Vol 9(4) 2006, 429-446.
  • Harding, R. (2006). Historical representations of aboriginal people in the Canadian news media: Discourse & Society Vol 17(2) Mar 2006, 205-235.
  • Harrell, J. P. (2000). Affective responses to television newscasts: Have you heard the news? Dissertation Abstracts International: Section B: The Sciences and Engineering.
  • Harris, P., Kolovos, I., & Lock, A. (2001). Who sets the agenda? An analysis of agenda setting and press coverage in the 1999 Greek European elections: European Journal of Marketing Vol 35(9-10) 2001, 1117-1135.
  • Hart, K.-P. R., & Powers, E. C. (2001). Combating stigma in the printed news: Contributions of direct quotations and journalistic story type to reader perceptions of a controversial gay man: The Journal of Men's Studies Vol 10(1) Fal 2001, 51-58.
  • Haskell, D. M. (2007). News media influence on nonevangelical coders' perceptions of evangelical Christians: A case study: Journal of Media and Religion Vol 6(3) 2007, 153-179.
  • Havick, J. (1997). Determinants of national media attention: Journal of Communication Vol 47(2) Spr 1997, 97-111.
  • Hearn, J., Pringle, K., Muller, U., Oleksy, E., Lattu, E., Tallberg, T., et al. (2003). Critical Studies on Men in Ten European Countries: (4) Newspaper and Media Representations: Men and Masculinities Vol 6(2) Oct 2003, 173-201.
  • Heath, C., Luff, P., Nicholls, G., & vom Lehn, D. (2000). Textuality and interaction: The collaborative production of new stories: Intellectica No 30 2000, 151-175.
  • Heath, J. B. (1998). Culture, mindscapes, and technology. Dissertation Abstracts International Section A: Humanities and Social Sciences.
  • Heide, K. M., & Boots, D. P. (2007). A comparative analysis of media reports of U.S. parricide cases with officially reported national crime data and the psychiatric and psychological literature: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology Vol 51(6) Dec 2007, 646-675.
  • Heider, D. B. (2000). White news: Why local news programs don't cover people of color. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Publishers.
  • Hellgren, B., Lowstedt, J., Puttonen, L., Tienari, J., Vaara, E., & Werr, A. (2002). How issues become (re)constructed in the media: Discursive practices in the AstraZeneca merger: British Journal of Management Vol 13(2) Jun 2002, 123-140.
  • Herda-Rapp, A. (2003). The Social Construction of Local School Violence Threats by the News Media and Professional Organizations: Sociological Inquiry Vol 73(4) Nov 2003, 545-574.
  • Heritage, J. (2002). The limits of questioning: Negative interrogatives and hostile question content: Journal of Pragmatics Vol 34(10-11) Oct-Nov 2002, 1427-1446.
  • Heritage, J. (2003). Designing questions and setting agendas in the news interview. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Publishers.
  • Heritage, J. C., & Roth, A. L. (1995). Grammar and institution: Questions and questioning in the broadcast news interview: Research on Language and Social Interaction Vol 28(1) 1995, 1-60.
  • Hermes, J. (2006). Citizenship in the Age of the Internet: European Journal of Communication Vol 21(3) Sep 2006, 295-309.
  • Hester, J. B., & Gibson, R. (2007). The agenda-setting function of national versus local media: A time-series analysis for the issue of same-sex marriage: Mass Communication and Society Vol 10(3) Jul-Sep 2007, 299-317.
  • Hier, S. P., & Greenberg, J. L. (2002). Constructing a discursive crisis: Risk, problematization and illegal Chinese in Canada: Ethnic and Racial Studies Vol 25(3) May 2002, 490-513.
  • Hilsdon, A.-M. (2003). What the Papers Say: Representing Violence Against Overseas Contract Workers: Violence Against Women Vol 9(6) Jun 2003, 698-722.
  • Hilt, M. L., & Lipschultz, J. H. (1999). Revising the Kogan Scale: A test of local television news producers' attitudes toward older adults: Educational Gerontology Vol 25(2) Mar 1999, 143-153.
  • Hodgetts, D., & Chamberlain, K. (2006). Developing a Critical Media Research Agenda for Health Psychology: Journal of Health Psychology Vol 11(2) Mar 2006, 317-327.
  • Hoerl, K. E. (2006). Representing Byron de la Beckwith in Film and Journalism: Popular Memories of Mississippi and the Murder of Medgar Evers. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Publishers.
  • Hoffman, E. (2006). International News Page: Journal of Humanistic Psychology Vol 46(3) Jul 2006, 371-372.
  • Hoffner, C., Buchanan, M., Anderson, J. D., Hubbs, L. A., Kamigaki, S. K., Kowalczyk, L., et al. (1999). Support for censorship of television violence: The role of the third-person effect and news exposure: Communication Research Vol 26(6) Dec 1999, 726-742.
  • Holbert, R. L. (2005). Television News Viewing, Governmental Scope, and Postmaterialist Spending: Assessing Mediation by Partisanship: Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media Vol 49(4) Dec 2005, 416-434.
  • Holbert, R. L., Lambe, J. L., Dudo, A. D., & Carlton, K. A. (2007). Primacy effects of The Daily Show and national TV news viewing: Young viewers, political gratifications, and internal political self-efficacy: Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media Vol 51(1) Mar 2007, 20-38.
  • Hollander, B. (2006). Religion as a chronically accessible construct: Journal of Media and Religion Vol 5(4) 2006, 233-244.
  • Hollifield, C. A., Kosicki, G. M., & Becker, L. B. (2001). Organizational vs. professional culture in the newsroom: Television news directors' and newspaper editors' hiring decisions: Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media Vol 45(1) Win 2001, 92-117.
  • Hong, T. (2007). Information control in time of crisis: The framing of SARS in China-based newspapers and Internet sources: CyberPsychology & Behavior Vol 10(5) Oct 2007, 696-699.
  • Hood, L. (2007). Radio reverb: The impact of "local" news reimported to its own community: Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media Vol 51(1) Mar 2007, 1-19.
  • Housley, W. (2002). Moral Discrepancy and 'Fudging the Issue' in a Radio News Interview: Sociology Vol 36(1) Feb 2002, 5-21.
  • Howell, J. (1997). Post-Beijing reflections: Creating ripples, but not waves in China: Women's Studies International Forum Vol 20(2) Mar-Apr 1997, 235-252.
  • Huang, B., & Priebe, S. (2003). Media coverage of mental health care in the UK, USA and Australia: Psychiatric Bulletin Vol 27(9) Sep 2003, 331-333.
  • Huang, C. (2003). Transitional media vs. normative theories: Schramm, Altschull, and China: Journal of Communication Vol 53(3) Sep 2003, 444-459.
  • Huffman, S., Tuggle, C. A., & Rosengard, D. S. (2004). How Campus Media Cover Sports: The Gender-Equity Issue, One Generation Later: Mass Communication and Society Vol 7(4) 2004, 475-489.
  • Hughes, D., & Griffiths, L. (2003). Going public: References to the news media in NHS contract negotiations: Sociology of Health & Illness Vol 25(6) Sep 2003, 571-588.
  • Hujanen, J., & Pietikainen, S. (2004). Interactive uses of journalism: Crossing between technological potential and young people's news-using practices: New Media & Society Vol 6(3) Jun 2004, 383-401.
  • Humphries, D. (1998). Crack mothers at 6: Prime-time news, crack/cocaine, and women: Violence Against Women Vol 4(1) Feb 1998, 45-61.
  • Hust, S. J. T., & Andsager, J. L. (2003). Medicalization vs. Adaptive models? Sense-Making in magazine framing of menopause: Women & Health Vol 38(1) 2003, 101-122.
  • Huxman, S. S., & Allen, M. (2004). Scientists and Storytellers: The Imperative of Pairing Qualitative and Quantitative Approaches in Communication Research. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Publishers.
  • Hyde, P. (2000). Managing bodies--managing relationships: The popular media and the social construction of women's bodies and social roles from the 1930s to the 1950s: Journal of Sociology Vol 36(2) Aug 2000, 157-171.
  • Iorio, S. H. (2004). Focused Interviews. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Publishers.
  • Iorio, S. H. (2004). Qualitative Method Journalism. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Publishers.
  • Iorio, S. H. (2004). Qualitative research in journalism: Taking it to the streets. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Publishers.
  • Iyengar, S., Peters, M. D., & Kinder, D. R. (2004). Experimental Demonstrations of the "Not-So-Minimal" Consequences of Television News Programs. New York, NY: Psychology Press.
  • Iyer, A., & Oldmeadow, J. (2006). Picture this: Emotional and political responses to photographs of the Kenneth Bigley kidnapping: European Journal of Social Psychology Vol 36(5) Sep-Oct 2006, 635-647.
  • Jakab, I. (2001). "Mass media and psychiatry": Commentary: Current Opinion in Psychiatry Vol 14(6) Nov 2001, 531-532.
  • Jensen, J. D., & Hurley, R. J. (2005). Third-Person Effects and the Environment: Social Distance, Social Desirability, and Presumed Behavior: Journal of Communication Vol 55(2) Jun 2005, 242-256.
  • Jeong, S.-H. (2007). Effects of news about genetics and obesity on controllability attribution and helping behavior: Health Communication Vol 22(3) 2007, 221-228.
  • Jiang, X. (2006). Cross-cultural pragmatic differences in US and Chinese press conferences: The case of the North Korea nuclear crisis: Discourse & Society Vol 17(2) Mar 2006, 237-257.
  • Jin, H. S. (2001). Advertising and the news: Does advertising campaign information in news stories improve the memory of subsequent advertisements? Dissertation Abstracts International Section A: Humanities and Social Sciences.
  • Jo, S. (2003). The Portrayal of Public Relations in the News Media: Mass Communication and Society Vol 6(4) 2003, 397-411.
  • Johnson, J. D., Adams, M. S., Hall, W., & Ashburn, L. (1997). Race, media, and violence: Differential racial effects of exposure to violent news stories: Basic and Applied Social Psychology Vol 19(1) Mar 1997, 81-90.
  • Johnson, R. N. (1996). Bad news revisited: The portrayal of violence, conflict, and suffering on television news: Peace and Conflict: Journal of Peace Psychology Vol 2(3) 1996, 201-216.
  • Johnson, T. J., Braima, M. A. M., & Sothirajah, J. (2000). Measure for measure: The relationship between different broadcast types, formats, measures and political behaviors and cognitions: Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media Vol 44(1) Win 2000, 43-61.
  • Johnston, W. M., & Davey, G. C. L. (1997). The psychological impact of negative TV news bulletins: The catastrophizing of personal worries: British Journal of Psychology Vol 88(1) Feb 1997, 85-91.
  • Jones, E. E. (1973). Review of Mass News: Practices, Controversies, and Alternatives: PsycCRITIQUES Vol 18 (11), Nov, 1973.
  • Jones, S. (1997). Using the news: An examination of the value and use of news sources in CMC: Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication Vol 2(4) Mar 1997, No Pagination Specified.
  • Joslyn, M. R., & Ceccoli, S. (1996). Attentiveness to television news and opinion change in the fall 1992 presidential campaign: Political Behavior Vol 18(2) Jun 1996, 141-170.
  • Kachan, M. R., Guilbert, S. M., & Bisanz, G. L. (2006). Do Teachers Ask Students to Read News in Secondary Science?: Evidence from the Canadian Context: Science Education Vol 90(3) May 2006, 496-521.
  • Kahn, R., & Kellner, D. (2004). New media and internet activism: From the 'Battle of Seattle' to blogging: New Media & Society Vol 6(1) Feb 2004, 87-95.
  • Kallinen, K., & Ravaja, N. (2003). Emotion-related responses to audio news with rising versus falling background tone sequences: Musicae Scientiae SpecialIssue 2003-2004, 85-110.
  • Kallinen, K., & Ravaja, N. (2004). Emotion-related effects of speech rate and rising vs. falling background music melody during audio news: The moderating influence of personality: Personality and Individual Differences Vol 37(2) Jul 2004, 275-288.
  • Kallinen, K., & Ravaja, N. (2007). Comparing speakers versus headphones in listening to news from a computer--individual differences and psychophysiological responses: Computers in Human Behavior Vol 23(1) Jan 2007, 303-317.
  • Karlberg, M., & Buell, L. (2005). Deconstructing the "war of all against all": The prevalance and implications of war metaphors and other adversarial news schema in Time, Newsweek, and MacLean's: Peace and Conflict Studies Vol 12(1) Spr 2005, 22-39.
  • Kasinsky, R. G. (1998). Tailhook and the construction of sexual harassment in the media: "Rowdy navy boys" and the women who made a difference: Violence Against Women Vol 4(1) Feb 1998, 81-99.
  • Kelleher, C. A., & Wolak, J. (2006). Priming Presidential Approval: The Conditionality of Issue Effects: Political Behavior Vol 28(3) Sep 2006, 193-210.
  • Kemp, S., & Burt, C. D. B. (1998). The force of events: Cross-modality matching the recency of news events: Memory Vol 6(3) May 1998, 297-306.
  • Kendall, K. E. (2005). Constructing the Primary Story: Embedded With the Media in New Hampshire: American Behavioral Scientist Vol 49(1) Sep 2005, 157-172.
  • Kepplinger, H. M., & Daschmann, G. (1997). Today's news--tomorrow's context: A dynamic model of news processing: Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media Vol 41(4) Fal 1997, 548-565.
  • Kepplinger, H. M., & Ehmig, S. C. (1997). The influence of journalists' political orientations on their opinions about controversial issues: Zeitschrift fur Medienpsychologie Vol 9(4) Dec 1997, 271-292.
  • Kern, M. (1997). Social capital and citizen interpretation of political ads, news, and web site information in the 1996 presidential election: American Behavioral Scientist Vol 40(8) Aug 1997, 1238-1249.
  • Kern, M. (2004). Review of The Press Effect: Politicians, Journalists, and the Stories That Shape the Political World: Political Psychology Vol 25(5) Oct 2004, 820-822.
  • Kerr, P. A. (2003). The framing of fundamentalist Christians: Network television news, 1980-2000: Journal of Media and Religion Vol 2(4) 2003, 203-235.
  • Keum, H., Hillback, E. D., Rojas, H., De Zuniga, H. G., Shah, D. V., & McLeod, D. M. (2005). Personifying the Radical: How News Framing Polarizes Security Concerns and Tolerance Judgments: Human Communication Research Vol 31(3) Jul 2005, 337-364.
  • Kevin, D. (2003). Europe in the media: A comparison of reporting, representation, and rhetoric in national media systems in Europe. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Publishers.
  • Killeen, K. (2007). How the media misleads the story of school consumerism: A perspective from school finance: Peabody Journal of Education Vol 82(1) 2007, 32-62.
  • Kim, H.-J. J. (2002). The co-influence of situational dimensions and sourcing on the integration of multiple news stories in memory. Dissertation Abstracts International: Section B: The Sciences and Engineering.
  • Kim, H. S. (2002). Gatekeeping international news: An attitudinal profile of U.S. television journalists: Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media Vol 46(3) Sep 2002, 431-452.
  • Kim, H. S. (2003). Media, the public, and freedom of the press: Social Indicators Research Vol 62-63(1-3) Apr 2003, 345-364.
  • Kim, S.-H., Scheufele, D. A., & Shanahan, J. (2005). Who Cares About the Issues? Issue Voting and the Role of News Media During the 2000 U.S. Presidential Election: Journal of Communication Vol 55(1) Mar 2005, 103-121.
  • Kim, Y. M. (2005). Use and disuse of contextual primes in dynamic news environments: Journal of Communication Vol 55(4) Dec 2005, 737-755.
  • Kingori, P., Wellings, K., French, R., Kane, R., Gerressu, M., & Stephenson, J. (2004). Sex and relationship education and the media: An analysis of national and regional newspaper coverage in England: Sex Education Vol 4(2) Jul 2004, 111-124.
  • Kiousis, S. (2001). Public trust or mistrust? Perceptions of media credibility in the information age: Mass Communication and Society Vol 4(4) 2001, 381-403.
  • Kiousis, S. (2004). Explicating Media Salience: A Factor Analysis of New York Times Issue Coverage During the 2000 U.S. Presidential Election: Journal of Communication Vol 54(1) Mar 2004, 71-87.
  • Kiousis, S., Popescu, C., & Mitrook, M. (2007). Understanding influence on corporate reputation: An examination of public relations efforst, media coverage, public opinion, and financial performance from an agenda-building and agenda-setting perspective: Journal of Public Relations Research Vol 19(2) 2007, 147-165.
  • Kiselica, M. S. (2002). Condom use reduces risk: American Psychologist Vol 57(6-7) Jun-Jul 2002, 446.
  • Kitis, E., & Milapides, M. (1997). Read it and believe it: How metaphor constructs ideology in news discourse. A case study: Journal of Pragmatics Vol 28(5) Nov 1997, 557-590.
  • Kitzinger, J., & Skidmore, P. (1995). Playing safe: Media coverage of child sexual abuse prevention strategies: Child Abuse Review Vol 4(1) Mar 1995, 47-56.
  • Klein, R. D., & Naccarato, S. (2003). Broadcast news portrayal of minorities: Accuracy in reporting: American Behavioral Scientist Vol 46(12) Aug 2003, 1611-1616.
  • Kleinnijenhuis, J., van Hoof, A. M. J., Oegema, D., & de Ridder, J. A. (2007). A test of rivaling approaches to explain news effects: News on issue positions of parties, real-world developments, support and criticism, and success and failure: Journal of Communication Vol 57(2) Jun 2007, 366-384.
  • Klijn, M. E. (2003). Attention-getting and comprehension-raising attributes in visuals in Dutch and American, public and private television news about violence: Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media Vol 47(1) Mar 2003, 124-144.
  • Kline, S. L., Karel, A. I., & Chatterjee, K. (2006). Covering Adoption: General Depictions in Broadcast News: Family Relations Vol 55(4) Oct 2006, 487-498.
  • Knight, G., MacNeill, M., & Donnelly, P. (2005). The disappointment games: Narratives of Olympic Failure in Canada and New Zealand: International Review for the Sociology of Sport Vol 40(1) Mar 2005, 25-51.
  • Knobloch, S., Hastall, M., Zillmann, D., & Callison, C. (2003). Imagery effects on the selective reading of Internet newsmagazines: Communication Research Vol 30(1) Feb 2003, 3-29.
  • Knobloch, S., Zillmann, D., Gibson, R., & Karrh, J. A. (2002). Effects of Salient News Items on Information Acquisition and Issue Perception: Zeitschrift fur Medienpsychologie Vol 14(1) 2002, 14-22.
  • Knobloch-Westerwick, S., Sharma, N., Hansen, D. L., & Alter, S. (2005). Impact of Popularity Indications on Readers' Selective Exposure to Online News: Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media Vol 49(3) Sep 2005, 296-313.
  • Kohring, M., & Matthes, J. (2007). Trust in news media: Development and validation of a multidimensional scale: Communication Research Vol 34(2) Apr 2007, 231-252.
  • Koku, P. S., & Qureshi, A. A. (2006). Analysis of the Effects of Settlement of Interfirm Lawsuits: Managerial & Decision Economics Vol 27(4) Jun 2006, 307-318.
  • Koolstra, C. M. (2007). Source confusion as an explanation of cultivation: A test of the mechanisms underlying confusion of fiction with reality on television: Perceptual and Motor Skills Vol 104(1) Feb 2007, 102-110.
  • Koopmans, R., & Olzak, S. (2004). Discursive Opportunities and the Evolution of Right-Wing Violence in Germany: American Journal of Sociology Vol 110(1) Jul 2004, 198-230.
  • Korn, A., & Efrat, S. (2004). The Coverage of Rape in the Israeli Popular Press: Violence Against Women Vol 10(9) Sep 2004, 1056-1074.
  • Korpan, C. A., Bisanz, G. L., Bisanz, J., & Henderson, J. M. (1997). Assessing literacy in science: Evaluation of scientific news briefs: Science Education Vol 81(5) Sep 1997, 515-532.
  • Kostoudis, K. (2006). News bulletin captions as ideological indices. Amsterdam, Netherlands: John Benjamins Publishing Company.
  • Krosnick, J. A., & Kinder, D. R. (2004). Altering the Foundations of Support for the President Through Priming. New York, NY: Psychology Press.
  • Kruse, C. R. (1998). Who said that? Status presentation in media accounts of the animal experimentation debate: Society & Animals Vol 6(3) 1998, 235-243.
  • Kuhn, R. (2005). 'Be Very Afraid': Television and l'Insecurite in the 2002 French Presidential Election: European Journal of Communication Vol 20(2) Jun 2005, 181-198.
  • Kunkel, D., Smith, S., Suding, P., & Biely, E. (2006). Informative or Not? Media Coverage of Child Social Policy Issues. New York, NY: Springer Science + Business Media.
  • Kuo, S.-H., & Nakamura, M. (2005). Translation or transformation? A case study of language and ideology in the Taiwanese press: Discourse & Society Vol 16(3) May 2005, 393-417.
  • Kurpius, D. D., & Fuqua, D. R. (2003). Organizational consulting in the local newsroom: Consulting Psychology Journal: Practice and Research Vol 55(3) Sum 2003, 189-199.
  • Kwak, N., Poor, N., & Skoric, M. M. (2006). Honey, I Shrunk the World! The Relation Between Internet Use and International Engagement: Mass Communication and Society Vol 9(2) 2006, 189-213.
  • Lang, A., Newhagen, J., & Reeves, B. (1996). Negative video as structure: Emotion, attention, capacity, and memory: Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media Vol 40(4) Fal 1996, 460-477.
  • Lang, A., Potter, D., & Grabe, M. E. (2003). Making news memorable: Applying theory to the production of local television news: Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media Vol 47(1) Mar 2003, 113-123.
  • Lang, A., Shin, M., Bradley, S. D., Wang, Z., Lee, S., & Potter, D. (2005). Wait! Don't Turn That Dial! More Excitement to Come! The Effects of Story Length and Production Pacing in Local Television News on Channel Changing Behavior and Information Processing in a Free Choice Environment: Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media Vol 49(1) Mar 2005, 3-22.
  • Lau, J. T. F., Lau, M., Kim, J. H., & Tsui, H. Y. (2006). Impacts of media coverage on the community stress level in Hong Kong after the tsunami on 26 December 2004: Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health Vol 60(8) Aug 2006, 675-682.
  • Le, E. (2003). Information sources as a persuasive strategy in editorials: Le Monde and The New York Times: Written Communication Vol 20(4) Oct 2003, 478-510.
  • Lee, F. L. F. (2005). Spectacle and Fandom: Media Discourse in Two Soccer Events in Hong Kong: Sociology of Sport Journal Vol 22(2) 2005, 194-213.
  • Lee, G., Cappella, J. N., & Southwell, B. (2003). The Effects of News and Entertainment on Interpersonal Trust: Political Talk Radio, Newspapers, and Television: Mass Communication and Society Vol 6(4) 2003, 413-434.
  • Lee, T.-T. (2005). The Liberal Media Myth Revisited: An Examination of Factors Influencing Perceptions of Media Bias: Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media Vol 49(1) Mar 2005, 43-64.
  • Lee, Y. E. (1995). The cognitive effects of medium, expertise, and mental effort on retrieval and elaboration of news information. Dissertation Abstracts International Section A: Humanities and Social Sciences.
  • Len-Rios, M. E., Rodgers, S., Thorson, E., & Yoon, D. (2005). Representation of Women in News and Photos: Comparing Content to Perceptions: Journal of Communication Vol 55(1) Mar 2005, 152-168.
  • Leshner, G. (2006). The Effects of Dehumanizing Depictions of Race in TV News Stories. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Publishers.
  • Leshner, G., & Coyle, J. R. (2000). Memory for television news: Match and mismatch between processing and testing: Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media Vol 44(4) Fal 2000, 599-613.
  • Lester, E. (1992). The AIDS story and moral panic: How the Euro-African press constructs AIDS: Howard Journal of Communications Vol 3(3-4) Win-Spr 1992, 230-241.
  • Lewis, J., Brookes, R., Mosdell, N., & Threadgold, T. (2006). Shoot first and ask questions later: Media coverage of the 2003 Iraq war. New York, NY: Peter Lang Publishing.
  • Li, S.-C. S. (2001). New media and market competition: A niche analysis of television news, electronic news, and newspaper news in Taiwan: Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media Vol 45(2) Spr 2001, 259-276.
  • Li, X. (2006). Graphic Use and Interconnectedness of Internet Newspapers: A Many-to-Many Communication Model. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Publishers.
  • Li, X. (2006). Internet newspapers: The making of a mainstream medium. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Publishers.
  • Liebert, R. M. (1983). How Very British! : PsycCRITIQUES Vol 28 (12), Dec, 1983.
  • Lin, C. A., & Salwen, M. B. (2006). Utilities of Online and Offline News Use. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Publishers.
  • Lind, R. A., & Rockler, N. (2001). Competing ethos: Reliance on profit versus social responsibility by laypeople planning a television newscast: Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media Vol 45(1) Win 2001, 118-134.
  • Lind, R. A., Swenson-Lepper, T., & Rarick, D. L. (1998). Identifying patterns of ethical sensitivity in TV news viewers: An assessment of some critical viewing skills: Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media Vol 42(4) Fal 1998, 507-519.
  • Linden, T. R. (2001). "Mass media and psychiatry": Commentary: Current Opinion in Psychiatry Vol 14(6) Nov 2001, 532-533.
  • Lipschultz, J. H., & Hilt, M. L. (2002). Crime and local television news: Dramatic, breaking, and live from the scene. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Publishers.
  • Littlefield, R. S., & Quenette, A. M. (2007). Crisis Leadership and Hurricane Katrina: The Portrayal of Authority by the Media in Natural Disasters: Journal of Applied Communication Research Vol 35(1) Feb 2007, 26-47.
  • Liu, S., Huang, J.-C., & Brown, G. L. (1998). Information and risk perception: A dynamic adjustment process: Risk Analysis Vol 18(6) Dec 1998, 689-699.
  • Livingstone, S. (2006). The Influence of Personal Influence on the Study of Audiences: Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science Vol 608 Nov 2006, 233-250.
  • Long, M., Slater, M. D., Boiarsky, G., Stapel, L., & Keefe, T. (2005). Obtaining nationally representative samples of local news media outlets: Mass Communication and Society Vol 8(4) 2005, 299-322.
  • Loto, R., Hodgetts, D., Chamberlain, K., Nikora, L. W., Karapu, R., & Barnett, A. (2006). Pasifika in the news: The portrayal of Pacific peoples in the New Zealand press: Journal of Community & Applied Social Psychology Vol 16(2) Mar-Apr 2006, 100-118.
  • Lowrey, W., & Choi, J. (2006). The Web News Story and Cognitive Flexibility. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Publishers.
  • Lowry, D. T., Nio, T. C. J., & Leitner, D. W. (2003). Setting the Public Fear Agenda: A Longitudinal Analysis of Network TV Crime Reporting, Public Perceptions of Crime, and FBI Crime Statistics: Journal of Communication Vol 53(1) Mar 2003, 61-73.
  • Lucardie, R., & Sobsey, D. (2005). Homicides of people with developmental disabilities: An analysis of news stories: Developmental Disabilities Bulletin Vol 33(1-2) 2005, 71-98.
  • Lucardie, R., & Sobsey, D. (2005). Portrayals of people with cerebral palsy in homicide news: Developmental Disabilities Bulletin Vol 33(1-2) 2005, 99-128.
  • Luminet, O., Curci, A., Marsh, E. J., Wessel, I., Constantin, T., Gencoz, F., et al. (2004). The cognitive, emotional, and social impacts of the September 11 attacks: Group differences in memory for the reception context and the determinants of flashbulb memory: Journal of General Psychology Vol 131(3) Jul 2004, 197-224.
  • Lund, S., & Renna, C. (2003). An Analysis of the Media Response to the Spitzer Study: Journal of Gay & Lesbian Psychotherapy Vol 7(3) 2003, 55-67.
  • Lund, S., & Renna, C. (2006). An Analysis of the Media Response to the Spitzer Study. Binghamton, NY: Harrington Park Press/The Haworth Press.
  • Lundberg, G. D. (2007). Trustworthy information: Medical journals and the Internet. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.
  • Lury, C. (2003). The game of Loyalt(o)y: Diversions and divisions in network society: Sociological Review Vol 51(3) Aug 2003, 301-320.
  • lyengar, S., Norpoth, H., & Hahn, K. S. (2004). Consumer Demand for Election News: The Horserace Sells: Journal of Politics Vol 66(1) Feb 2004, 157-175.
  • Lyons, P., & Rittner, B. (1998). The construction of the crack babies phenomenon as a social problem: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry Vol 68(2) Apr 1998, 313-320.
  • MacDougall, R. (2005). Identity, Electronic Ethos, and Blogs: A Technologic Analysis of Symbolic Exchange on the New News Medium: American Behavioral Scientist Vol 49(4) Dec 2005, 575-599.
  • Macgilchrist, F. (2007). Review of Taking journalism seriously: News and the academy: Discourse & Society Vol 18(5) Sep 2007, 684-687.
  • Machill, M., Kohler, S., & Waldhauser, M. (2007). The use of narrative structures in television news: An experiment in innovative forms of journalistic presentation: European Journal of Communication Vol 22(2) Jun 2007, 185-205.
  • Madani, A. O. (2000). Depiction of Arabs and Muslims in the United States news media. Dissertation Abstracts International: Section B: The Sciences and Engineering.
  • Maercker, A., & Mehr, A. (2006). What if Victims Read a Newspaper Report About Their Victimization? A Study on the Relationship to PTSD Symptoms in Crime Victims: European Psychologist Vol 11(2) 2006, 137-142.
  • Maher, T. M. (1997). How and why journalists avoid the population-environment connection: Population and Environment: A Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies Vol 18(4) Mar 1997, 339-372.
  • Manganello, J. A., Webster, D., & Campbell, J. C. (2006). Intimate Partner Violence and Health Provider Training and Screening in the News: Women & Health Vol 43(3) 2006, 21-40.
  • Manosevitch, E. (2006). Democratic values, empowerment and giving voice: Children's media discourse in the aftermath of the assassination of Yitzhak Rabin: Learning, Media & Technology Vol 31(2) Jun 2006, 163-179.
  • Manosevitch, E. (2007). Citizens' argument repertoire and media discourse. Dissertation Abstracts International Section A: Humanities and Social Sciences.
  • Mares, M.-L. (1994). Life span changes in the effects of television on social reality beliefs: The role of source confusions in cultivation. Dissertation Abstracts International Section A: Humanities and Social Sciences.
  • Mares, M.-L. (1996). The role of source confusions in television's cultivation of social reality judgments: Human Communication Research Vol 23(2) Dec 1996, 278-297.
  • Mason, D. L. (2006). Review of The making of Arab news: Journal of Media and Religion Vol 5(4) 2006, 265-268.
  • Massanari, A. L. (2007). In context: Information architects, politics, and interdisciplinarity. Dissertation Abstracts International Section A: Humanities and Social Sciences.
  • Matheson, D. (2004). Weblogs and the epistemology of the news: Some trends in online journalism: New Media & Society Vol 6(4) Aug 2004, 443-468.
  • Matheson, K., & Dursun, S. (2001). Social identity precursors to the hostile media phenomenon: Partisan perceptions of coverage of the Bosnian conflict: Group Processes & Intergroup Relations Vol 4(2) Apr 2001, 116-125.
  • Matthes, J. (2006). The need for orientation towards news media: Revising and validating a classic concept: International Journal of Public Opinion Research Vol 18(4) Win 2006, 422-444.
  • Maxson, J., & Simpson, R. (2002). Working with survivors and the news media. Binghamton, NY: Haworth Maltreatment and Trauma Press/The Haworth Press.
  • Maybury, M., Greiff, W., Boykin, S., Ponte, J., McHenry, C., & Ferro, L. (2004). Personalcasting: Tailored Broadcast News: User Modeling and User-Adapted Interaction Vol 14(1) Feb 2004, 119-144.
  • McBrien, J. L. (2005). Uninformed in the information age: Why media necessitate critical thinking education. Malden, MA: Blackwell Publishing.
  • McClure, J., Allen, M. W., & Walkey, F. (2001). Countering fatalism: Causal information in news reports affects judgements about earthquake damage: Basic and Applied Social Psychology Vol 23(2) Jun 2001, 109-121.
  • McComas, K., & Shanahan, J. (1999). Telling stories about global climate change: Measuring the impact of narratives on issue cycles: Communication Research Vol 26(1) Feb 1999, 30-57.
  • McCombs, M., Lopez-Escobar, E., & Llamas, J. P. (2000). Setting the agenda of attributes in the 1996 Spanish general election: Journal of Communication Vol 50(2) Spr 2000, 77-92.
  • McCombs, M., & Reynolds, A. (2002). News influence on our pictures of the world. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Publishers.
  • McCoy, K. C. (2007). Framing race: Journalists and news coverage of a fatal police shooting in Seattle (Washington). Dissertation Abstracts International Section A: Humanities and Social Sciences.
  • McCune, C. A. (2003). Framing reality: Shaping the news coverage of the 1996 Tennessee debate on teaching evolution: Journal of Media and Religion Vol 2(1) 2003, 5-28.
  • McDevitt, M., & Kiousis, S. (2006). Deliberative Learning: An Evaluative Approach to Interactive Civic Education: Communication Education Vol 55(3) Jul 2006, 247-264.
  • McDonald, I. R., & Lawrence, R. G. (2004). Filling the 24 x 7 News Hole: Television News Coverage Following September 11: American Behavioral Scientist Vol 48(3) Nov 2004, 327-340.
  • McIntyre, J. J. (2003). Media violence in the news: American Psychological Association public policy initiatives: American Behavioral Scientist Vol 46(12) Aug 2003, 1617-1621.
  • McLeod, D. M., & Detenber, B. H. (1999). Framing effects of television news coverage of social protest: Journal of Communication Vol 49(3) Sum 1999, 3-23.
  • McLeod, J. M., Sotirovic, M., & Holbert, R. L. (1998). Values as sociotropic judgments influencing communication patterns: Communication Research Vol 25(5) Oct 1998, 453-485.
  • McNaughton-Cassill, M. E. (2001). The news media and psychological distress: Anxiety, Stress & Coping: An International Journal Vol 14(2) 2001, 193-211.
  • McNaughton-Cassill, M. E., & Smith, T. (2002). My world is ok, but yours is not: Television news, the optimism gap, and stress: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress Vol 18(1) Feb 2002, 27-33.
  • Meehan, E. R. (2005). Review of Big Media, Big Money: Cultural Texts and Political Economics: Journal of Communication Vol 55(4) Dec 2005, 876-877.
  • Meeter, M., Murre, J. M. J., & Janssen, S. M. J. (2005). Remembering the news: Modeling retention data from a study with 14,000 participants: Memory & Cognition Vol 33(5) Jul 2005, 793-810.
  • Meijer, M.-M., & Kleinnijenhuis, J. (2006). Issue News and Corporate Reputation: Applying the Theories of Agenda Setting and Issue Ownership in the Field of Business Communication: Journal of Communication Vol 56(3) Sep 2006, 543-559.
  • Meintjes, H., & Bray, R. (2006). 'But where are our moral heroes?' An analysis of South African press reporting on children affected by HIV/AIDS: African Journal of AIDS Research Vol 4(3) 2006, 147-159.
  • Mena Rodriguez, E., & Hernandez Mendo, A. (2000). Analysis of different communicative approaches adopted by different television networks: Psicothema Vol 12(Suppl2) 2000, 389-392.
  • Mendes, P. (2000). Social conservatism vs social justice: The portrayal of child abuse in the press in Victoria, Australia: Child Abuse Review Vol 9(1) Jan-Feb 2000, 49-61.
  • Merritt, D., & McCombs, M. (2004). The two W's of journalism: The why and what of public affairs reporting. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Publishers.
  • Mersey, R. D. (2007). Can the internet help preserve journalism? sense of community differences among print and online local news consumers. Dissertation Abstracts International Section A: Humanities and Social Sciences.
  • Meyers, M. (1997). News coverage of violence against women: Engendering blame. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, Inc.
  • Millar, D. P. (2004). Exposing the errors: An examination of the nature of organizational crises. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Publishers.
  • Miller, A., & Leshner, G. (2007). How viewers process live, breaking, and emotional television news: Media Psychology Vol 10(1) 2007, 23-40.
  • Miller, A. L. (2004). The effects of live, breaking, and emotional television news on viewers' attention and memory. Dissertation Abstracts International Section A: Humanities and Social Sciences.
  • Miller, G. R. (1990). Communication from A to Z: PsycCRITIQUES Vol 35 (10), Oct, 1990.
  • Mininni, G., & Annese, S. (1997). News discourse features and adolescent identity: A diatextual analysis: International Journal of Psycholinguistics Vol 13(1)[36] Apr 1997, 5-23.
  • Mitropoulos, D. (1999). The reporter's dilemma: News gathering as negotiation: Negotiation Journal Vol 15(3) Jul 1999, 229-243.
  • Miyasaka, E., Imai, A., Takagi, T., Imai, T., & Ando, A. (2001). Application trials for the realization of human-friendly broadcasting: Gerontechnology Vol 1(2) Dec 2001, 103-110.
  • Molen, J. H. W. v. d., & Voort, T. H. A. v. d. (2000). The impact of television, print, and audio on children's recall of the news: A study of three alternatives explanations for the dual-coding hypothesis: Human Communication Research Vol 26(1) Jan 2000, 3-26.
  • Montagne, M. (2001). Mass media representations as drug information for patients: The Prozac phenomenon: Substance Use & Misuse Vol 36(9-10) 2001, 1261-1274.
  • Monteiro, A. (2005). Review of Violence and the Media: Culture, Health & Sexuality Vol 7(4) Jul-Aug 2005, 408-410.
  • Moody, R. F. (2007). Radio's role during Hurricane Katrina: A case study of WWL radio and United Radio Broadcasters of New Orleans(Louisiana). Dissertation Abstracts International Section A: Humanities and Social Sciences.
  • Moore, R. C. (2003). Religion and topoi in the news: An analysis of the "unsecular media" hypothesis: Journal of Media and Religion Vol 2(1) 2003, 49-64.
  • Morris, J. L. J. (2004). Textual Analysis in Journalism. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Publishers.
  • Morris, J. S. (2007). Slanted objectivity? Perceived media bias, cable news exposure, and political attitudes: Social Science Quarterly Vol 88(3) Sep 2007, 707-728.
  • Morrison, M., & Krugman, D. M. (2001). A look at mass and computer mediated technologies: Understanding the roles of television and computers in the home: Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media Vol 45(1) Win 2001, 135-161.
  • Moses, M. S. (2007). The media as educators, educational research, and autonomous deliberation: Peabody Journal of Education Vol 82(1) 2007, 150-165.
  • Moy, P., McCluskey, M. R., McCoy, K., & Spratt, M. A. (2004). Political Correlates of Local News Media Use: Journal of Communication Vol 54(3) Sep 2004, 532-546.
  • Muhlberger, A., Alpers, G. W., & Pauli, P. (2005). Fear of flying in the wake of September 11: No evidence for an increase in a German sample: Anxiety, Stress & Coping: An International Journal Vol 18(4) Dec 2005, 343-349.
  • Mullen, L. J. (1999). Television news and contentiousness: An exploratory study of visual and verbal content in news about the president: Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media Vol 43(2) Spr 1999, 159-174.
  • Mullen, T. M. (2005). Review of Making the American religious fringe: Exotics, subversives and journalists, 1955-1993: Journal of Media and Religion Vol 4(3) 2005, 199-201.
  • Murrie, M. H. (1999). Viewer elaboration about linear and nonlinear news video: An experiment. Dissertation Abstracts International Section A: Humanities and Social Sciences.
  • Muschert, G. W. (2007). The Columbine victims and the myth of the juvenile superpredator: Youth Violence and Juvenile Justice Vol 5(4) Oct 2007, 351-366.
  • Musolff, A. (1995). Promising to end a war=language of peace? The rhetoric of Allied news management in the Gulf War 1991. Amsterdam, Netherlands: Harwood Academic Publishers.
  • Nah, S., Veenstra, A. S., & Shah, D. V. (2006). The Internet and Anti-War Activism: A Case Study of Information, Expression, and Action: Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication Vol 12(1) Oct 2006, 230-247.
  • Natarajan, K., & Xiaoming, H. (2003). An Asian voice? A comparative study of channel news Asia and CNN: Journal of Communication Vol 53(2) Jun 2003, 300-314.
  • Ndahne, J. (1999). Communicating the addiction message in the unwritten language: Journal of Ministry in Addiction & Recovery Vol 6(2) 1999, 61-73.
  • Nell, V. (2002). Mythic structures in narrative: The domestication of immortality. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Publishers.
  • Nelson, R. (2001). Correlation of global events with REG data: An Internet-based, nonlocal anomalies experiment: Journal of Parapsychology Vol 65(3) Sep 2001, 247-271.
  • Nerb, J., Spada, H., & Lay, K. (2001). Environmental risk in the media: Modelling the reactions of the audience. Us: Elsevier Science/JAI Press.
  • Newhagen, J. E. (1994). Effects of televised government censorship disclaimers on memory and thought elaboration during the Gulf War: Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media Vol 38(3) Sum 1994, 339-351.
  • Newhagen, J. E. (1998). TV news images that induce anger, fear, and disgust: Effects on approach-avoidance and memory: Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media Vol 42(2) Spr 1998, 265-276.
  • Newhagen, J. E. (2000). Colloquy: Information processing: A more inclusive paradigm for the study of mass media effects: Human Communication Research Vol 26(1) Jan 2000, 99-103.
  • Nilsen, A. P. (2003). Humor in the news: Humor: International Journal of Humor Research Vol 16(4) 2003, 435-443.
  • Niven, E. (2005). Editorial Comment: Nursing Ethics Vol 12(5) Sep 2005, 429-430.
  • Nixon, H. (2005). Review of Literacy in the New Media Age: Journal of Early Childhood Literacy Vol 5(3) Dec 2005, 305-310.
  • No authorship, i. (1988). Review of News Analysis: Case Studies of International and National News in the Press: PsycCRITIQUES Vol 33 (11), Nov, 1988.
  • No authorship, i. (1988). Review of News as Discourse: PsycCRITIQUES Vol 33 (11), Nov, 1988.
  • No authorship, i. (2003). News and Trends Affecting Behavioral Health Care: Drug Benefit Trends Vol 15(7) Jul 2003, 31-33.
  • Oberlechner, T., & Hocking, S. (2004). Information sources, news, and rumors in financial markets: Insights into the foreign exchange market: Journal of Economic Psychology Vol 25(3) Jun 2004, 407-424.
  • O'Connell, D. C., & Kowal, S. (2006). The Research Status of Clayman and Heritage's (2002) The News Interview: Journal of Psycholinguistic Research Vol 35(2) Mar 2006, 147-165.
  • O'Connell, D. C., Kowal, S., & Dill, E. J., III. (2004). Dialogicality in TV news interviews: Journal of Pragmatics Vol 36(2) Feb 2004, 185-205.
  • O'Connell, M., & Whelan, A. (1996). The public perception of crime prevalence, newspaper readership and "mean world" attitudes: Legal and Criminological Psychology Vol 1(Part 2) Sep 1996, 179-195.
  • O'Donnell, K. (2003). Helping workers in complex humanitarian emergencies: Journal of Psychology & Theology Vol 31(2) Sum 2003, 160-161.
  • O'Hara, S. K., & Smith, K. C. (2007). Presentation of eating disorders in the news media: What are the implications for patient diagnosis and treatment? : Patient Education and Counseling Vol 68(1) Sep 2007, 43-51.
  • Oliver, M. B. (1999). Caucasian viewers' memory of Black and White criminal suspects in the news: Journal of Communication Vol 49(3) Sum 1999, 46-60.
  • Oliver, M. B., & Fonash, D. (2002). Race and crime in the news: Whites' identification and misidentification of violent and nonviolent criminal suspects: Media Psychology Vol 4(2) May 2002, 137-156.
  • Oliver, M. B., Jackson, R. L., II, Moses, N. N., & Dangerfield, C. L. (2004). The Face of Crime: Viewers' Memory of Race-Related Facial Features of Individuals Pictured in the News: Journal of Communication Vol 54(1) Mar 2004, 88-104.
  • Ong, T.-H., Chen, H., Sung, W.-k., & Zhu, B. (2005). Newsmap: A knowledge map for online news: Decision Support Systems Vol 39(4) Jun 2005, 583-597.
  • Onyedike, E. U. (2000). Coverage of Africa by the African-American press: Perceptions of African-American newspaper editors: Western Journal of Black Studies Vol 24(4) Win 2000, 195-201.
  • Oskam, J. B., & Hudson, J. C. (1999). Media preference and believability among rural respondents for news and advertising information: Social Science Journal Vol 36(2) 1999, 285-298.
  • Osofsky, H. J., Holloway, H., & Pickett, A. (2005). War correspondents as responders: Considerations for training and clinical services: Psychiatry: Interpersonal and Biological Processes Vol 68(3) Fal 2005, 283-293.
  • Paddock, W. C. (1998). Addendum on journalists' noncoverage of population: Population and Environment: A Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies Vol 19(3) Jan 1998, 221-224.
  • Page, R. E. (2003). 'Cherie: Lawyer, wife, mum': Contradictory patterns of representation in media reports of Cherie Booth/Blair: Discourse & Society Vol 14(5) Sep 2003, 559-579.
  • Pan, Z., & Chan, J. M. (2003). Shifting journalistic paradigms: How China's journalists assess "media exemplars": Communication Research Vol 30(6) Dec 2003, 649-682.
  • Pan, Z., & Kosicki, G. M. (1996). Assessing news media influences on the formation of Whites' racial policy preferences: Communication Research Vol 23(2) Apr 1996, 147-178.
  • Pan, Z., Shen, L., Paek, H.-J., & Sun, Y. (2006). Mobilizing Political Talk in a Presidential Campaign: An Examination of Campaign Effects in a Deliberative Framework: Communication Research Vol 33(5) Oct 2006, 315-345.
  • Park, C.-Y. (2001). News media exposure and self-perceived knowledge: The illusion of knowing: International Journal of Public Opinion Research Vol 13(4) Win 2001, 419-425.
  • Park, C.-Y. (2006). Decomposing Korean News Media Credibility in the Internet Age: International Journal of Public Opinion Research Vol 18(2) Sum 2006, 238-245.
  • Passik, S. D. (2003). Same As It Ever Was ? Life After the OxyContin-super(TM) Media Frenzy: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management Vol 25(3) Mar 2003, 199-201.
  • Paterson, C. A. (2001). The transference of frames in global television. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Publishers.
  • Patrick, B. A., & Thrall, A. T. (2007). Beyond hegemony: Classical propaganda theory and presidential communication strategy after the invasion of Iraq: Mass Communication and Society Vol 10(1) 2007, 95-118.
  • Pavlik, J. V. (2001). News framing and new media: Digital tools to re-engage an alienated citizenry. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Publishers.
  • Perkins, J. W., Jr. (1999). Effects of information source quantity and personal experience in issue exemplification. Dissertation Abstracts International Section A: Humanities and Social Sciences.
  • Perry, S. D., & Gonzenbach, W. J. (2000). Inhibiting speech through exemplar distribution: Can we predict a spiral of silence? : Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media Vol 44(2) Spr 2000, 268-281.
  • Perse, E. M. (1992). Predicting attention to local television news: Need for cognition and motives for viewing: Communication Reports Vol 5(1) Win 1992, 40-49.
  • Petersen, T., & Jandura, O. (2007). Testing visual signals in representative surveys in combination with media content analyses of the 2002 German federal election campaign: International Journal of Public Opinion Research Vol 19(1) Spr 2007, 89-96.
  • Peterson, A. (2005). The metaphors of risk: Biotechnology in the news: Health, Risk & Society Vol 7(3) Sep 2005, 203-208.
  • Pfau, M., & Eveland, W. P., Jr. (1996). Influence of traditional and non-traditional news media in the 1992 election campaign: Western Journal of Communication Vol 60(3) Sum 1996, 214-232.
  • Pfau, M., Haigh, M. M., Logsdon, L., Perrine, C., Baldwin, J. P., Breitenfeldt, R. E., et al. (2005). Embedded Reporting During the Invasion and Occupation of Iraq: How the Embedding of Journalists Affects Television News Reports: Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media Vol 49(4) Dec 2005, 468-487.
  • Pfau, M., Wittenberg, E. M., Jackson, C., Mehringer, P., Lanier, R., Hatfield, M., et al. (2005). Embedding Journalists in Military Combat Units: How Embedding Alters Television News Stories: Mass Communication and Society Vol 8(3) 2005, 179-195.
  • Pietikainen, S. (2003). Indigenous identity in print: Representations of the Sami in news discourse: Discourse & Society Vol 14(5) Sep 2003, 581-609.
  • Pines, A. M. (1991). Trying to Apply Psychological Theory and Research to Understanding Terrorism and the Media: PsycCRITIQUES Vol 36 (6), Jun, 1991.
  • Pinto, L. N. (2007). Meditations: On the purposeful use of technology in higher education. The experience of the Columbia center for new media teaching and learning (New York city). Dissertation Abstracts International Section A: Humanities and Social Sciences.
  • Pirkis, J., Francis, C., Blood, R. W., Burgess, P., Morley, B., Stewart, A., et al. (2002). Reporting of suicide in the Australian media: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry Vol 36(2) Apr 2002, 190-197.
  • Plaisance, P. L. (2005). The Mass Media as Discursive Network: Building on the Implications of Libertarian and Communitarian Claims for News Media Ethics Theory: Communication Theory Vol 15(3) Aug 2005, 292-313.
  • Plymire, D. C., & Forman, P. J. (2000). Breaking the silence: Lesbian fans, the Internet, and the sexual politics of women's sport: International Journal of Sexuality & Gender Studies Vol 5(2) Apr 2000, 141-153.
  • Pompili, E. (1998). Reflections on a month of the Italian press: The social representation of infants and adolescents: Psichiatria dell'infanzia e dell'adolescenza Vol 65(5) Sep-Oct 1998, 565-576.
  • Pompili, M., Mancinelli, I., & Tatarelli, R. (2003). Mass media and suicide: Comment on "Reporting of suicide in the Australian media." Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry Vol 37(1) Feb 2003, 110.
  • Potter, R. H., & Potter, L. A. (2001). The Internet, cyber porn, and sexual exploitation of children: Media moral panics and urban myths for middle-class parents? : Sexuality & Culture: An Interdisciplinary Quarterly Vol 5(3) Sum 2001, 31-48.
  • Potter, W. J., Warren, R., Vaughan, M., Howley, K., Land, A., & Hagemeyer, J. (1997). Antisocial acts in reality programming on television: Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media Vol 41(1) Win 1997, 69-89.
  • Price, V., & Czilli, E. J. (1996). Modeling patterns of news recognition and recall: Journal of Communication Vol 46(2) Spr 1996, 55-78.
  • Price, V., Tewksbury, D., & Powers, E. (1997). Switching trains of thought: The impact of news frames on readers' cognitive responses: Communication Research Vol 24(5) Oct 1997, 481-506.
  • Priest, S. H. (1999). Popular beliefs, media, and biotechnology. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Publishers.
  • Priest, S. H., & Eyck, T. T. (2004). Transborder Information, Local Resistance, and the Spiral of Silence: Biotechnology and Public Opinion in the United States. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Publishers.
  • Pritchard, D., & Hughes, K. D. (1997). Patterns of deviance in crime news: Journal of Communication Vol 47(3) Sum 1997, 49-67.
  • Quinn, P. C. (1991). New Forms of electronic media: PsycCRITIQUES Vol 36 (1), Jan, 1991.
  • Rada, J. A. (1998). Effects of television news portrayals of African Americans: The consequent altruism of viewers. Dissertation Abstracts International Section A: Humanities and Social Sciences.
  • Rada, J. A. (2000). A new piece to the puzzle: Examining effects of television portrayals of African Americans: Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media Vol 44(4) Fal 2000, 704-715.
  • Rada, J. A. (2001). "A new piece to the puzzle: Examining effects of television portrayals of African-Americans": Erratum: Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media Vol 45(2) Spr 2001, No Pagination Specified.
  • Ragusa, A. T. (2007). Social change in the media: Gay, lesbian, bi, trans and queer (glbtq) representation and visibility in "the new york times". Dissertation Abstracts International Section A: Humanities and Social Sciences.
  • Ramasubramanian, S., & Oliver, M. B. (2007). Activating and suppressing hostile and benevolent racism: Evidence for comparative media stereotyping: Media Psychology Vol 9(3) 2007, 623-646.
  • Ratner, C. (2004). Genes and psychology in the news: New Ideas in Psychology Vol 22(1) Apr 2004, 29-47.
  • Ravaja, N. (2004). Effects of image motion on a small screen on emotion, attention, and memory: Moving-face versus static-face newscaster: Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media Vol 48(1) 2004, 108-133.
  • Raw, S. D. (2003). Professional and legislative issues: the Behavior Therapist Vol 26(5) Jun 2003, 322-324.
  • Reichlin, S. M., & Bloom, J. D. (1993). Effects of publicity on a forensic hospital: Bulletin of the American Academy of Psychiatry & the Law Vol 21(4) 1993, 475-483.
  • Renzulli, D. R., Mebane, F., & Sieff, E. (2006). News Coverage Analyses of Mental Health Services Immediately After September 11, 2001: Psychiatric Services Vol 57(9) Sep 2006, 1339-1341.
  • Rhee, J. W. (1997). Framing the health care reform campaign of 1993-1994: News frame, interpretation, and public opinion change. Dissertation Abstracts International Section A: Humanities and Social Sciences.
  • Rhee, J. W. (1997). Strategy and issue frames in election campaign coverage: A social cognitive account of framing effects: Journal of Communication Vol 47(3) Sum 1997, 26-48.
  • Rhee, J. W., & Cappella, J. N. (1997). The role of political sophistication in learning from news: Measuring schema development: Communication Research Vol 24(3) Jun 1997, 197-233.
  • Richardson, K. (2001). Risk news in the world of Internet newsgroups: Journal of Sociolinguistics Vol 5(1) Feb 2001, 50-72.
  • Riedel, E., Gangl, A., Oxendine, A., Jackson, M., Sullivan, J. L., & Sullivan, E. (2003). The Role of the Internet in National and Local News Media Use: Journal of Online Behavior Vol 1(3) 2003, 1-20.
  • Riffe, D., Sneed, D., & Van Ommeren, R. L. (1995). Political and racial adversaries: Southern Black elected officials and the press: Western Journal of Black Studies Vol 19(4) Win 1995, 272-278.
  • Rimmerman, A., & Herr, S. S. (2004). The Power of the Powerless: A Study on the Israeli Disability Strike of 1999: Journal of Disability Policy Studies Vol 15(1) Sum 2004, 12-18.
  • Rivas-Rodriguez, M., Subervi-Velez, F. A., Bramlett-Solomon, S., & Heider, D. (2004). Minority Journalists' Perceptions of the Impact of Minority Executives: Howard Journal of Communications Vol 15(1) Jan-Mar 2004, 39-55.
  • Robbennolt, J. K., & Studebaker, C. A. (2003). News media reporting on civil litigation and its influence on civil justice decision making: Law and Human Behavior Vol 27(1) Feb 2003, 5-27.
  • Robinson, A. J., Cook, G. D., Ellis, D. P. W., Fosler-Lussier, E., Renals, S. J., & Williams, D. A. G. (2002). Connectionist speech recognition of Broadcast News: Speech Communication Vol 37(1-2) May 2002, 27-45.
  • Rockwell, D. (2005). Celebrity and being-in-the-world: The experience of being famous. a phenomenological investigation. Dissertation Abstracts International: Section B: The Sciences and Engineering.
  • Rodgers, S., Kenix, L. J., & Thorson, E. (2007). Stereotypical portrayals of emotionality in news photos: Mass Communication and Society Vol 10(1) 2007, 119-138.
  • Rodrigues, E. S. J. (2007). Students' communicative practices around writing and digital technologies: An ethnographical study of an inner-city high school in the northeast of Brazil. Dissertation Abstracts International Section A: Humanities and Social Sciences.
  • Rogers, C. L. (1999). The importance of understanding audiences. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Publishers.
  • Romantan, A. (2004). A longitudinal model of social amplification of commercial aviation risks: Exploring United States news media attention to fatal accidents and media effects on air travel behavior, 1978--2001. Dissertation Abstracts International Section A: Humanities and Social Sciences.
  • Romer, D., Jamieson, K. H., & Aday, S. (2003). Television News and the Cultivation of Fear of Crime: Journal of Communication Vol 53(1) Mar 2003, 88-104.
  • Romer, D., Jamieson, K. H., & de Coteau, N. J. (1998). The treatment of persons of color in local television news: Ethnic blame discourse or realistic group conflict? : Communication Research Vol 25(3) Jun 1998, 286-305.
  • Romer, D., Jamieson, P. E., & Jamieson, K. H. (2006). Are News Reports of Suicide Contagious? A Stringent Test in Six U.S. Cities: Journal of Communication Vol 56(2) Jun 2006, 253-270.
  • Ross, S. D., & Bantimaroudis, P. (2006). Frame Shifts and Catastrophic Events: The Attacks of September 11, 2001, and New York Times's Portrayals of Arafat and Sharon: Mass Communication and Society Vol 9(1) 2006, 85-101.
  • Rotfeld, H. J. (2005). Misplaced marketing: And a comedian shall show journalists the way: Journal of Consumer Marketing Vol 22(3) 2005, 119-120.
  • Rothenberg, E. C. (2005). Whose First Amendment? Cohen v. Cowles Media Co. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Publishers.
  • Roudakova, N. (2007). From the fourth estate to the second oldest profession: Russia's journalists in search of their public after socialism. Dissertation Abstracts International Section A: Humanities and Social Sciences.
  • Rowan, K. E. (1999). Effective explanation of uncertain and complex science. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Publishers.
  • Ruggiero, T. E., & Winch, S. P. (2005). The Media Downing of Pierre Salinger: Journalistic Mistrust of the Internet as a News Source: Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication Vol 10(2) Jan 2005, No Pagination Specified.
  • Rumpf, H. J., Bischof, G., Hapke, U., Meyer, C., & John, U. (2000). Studies on natural recovery from alcohol dependence: Sample selection bias by media solicitation? : Addiction Vol 95(5) May 2000, 765-775.
  • Ryan, C., Anastario, M., & DaCunha, A. (2006). Changing Coverage of Domestic Violence Murders: A Longitudinal Experiment in Participatory Communication: Journal of Interpersonal Violence Vol 21(2) Feb 2006, 209-228.
  • Ryu, S., Kline, S., & Kim, J. (2007). Identification with television newscasters and Korean college students' voting intentions and political activities: Asian Journal of Social Psychology Vol 10(3) Sep 2007, 188-197.
  • Sabeh, Z., Flora, M., & Khairan, F. (2000). Corporate citizenship as a factor of corporate communication: Corporate Communications Vol 5(4) 2000, 210-214.
  • Salwen, M. B., & Driscoll, P. D. (1997). Consequences of third-person perception in support of press restrictions in the O.J. Simpson trail: Journal of Communication Vol 47(2) Spr 1997, 60-78.
  • Sanchez, J. (2003). How American public schools using down-linked news media shape American Indian identity: Howard Journal of Communications Vol 14(1) Jan-Mar 2003, 39-48.
  • Sanders, D. A. (2007). The portrayal of foreign doctors in the American press: A critical discourse analytical approach. Dissertation Abstracts International Section A: Humanities and Social Sciences.
  • Sankar, A., Gadde, V. R. R., Stolcke, A., & Weng, F. (2002). Improved modeling and efficiency for automatic transcription of Broadcast News: Speech Communication Vol 37(1-2) May 2002, 133-158.
  • Sargeant, R., Webster, G., Salzman, T., White, S., & McGrath, J. (2000). Enriching the environment of patients undergoing long term rehabilitation through group discussion of the news: Journal of Cognitive Rehabilitation Vol 18(1) Jan-Feb 2000, 20-23.
  • Sargent, S. L. (1999). Image effects on selective exposure to news stories. Dissertation Abstracts International Section A: Humanities and Social Sciences.
  • Sargent, S. L. (2007). Image effects on selective exposure to computer-mediated news stories: Computers in Human Behavior Vol 23(1) Jan 2007, 705-726.
  • Sato, H. (2003). Agenda setting for smoking control in Japan, 1945-1990: Influence of the mass media on national health policy making: Journal of Health Communication Vol 8(1) Jan-Feb 2003, 23-40.
  • Schafer, R., Althaus, D., Brosius, H.-B., & Hegeri, U. (2006). Media Coverage on Suicide in Nuremberg's Daily Papers--Frequency and Form of the Reporting Before and During Media-Intervention with Guidelines: Psychiatrische Praxis Vol 33(3) Apr 2006, 132-137.
  • Schaffer, J. (2004). Academic/Professional Partnerships: Newsrooms and Community. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Publishers.
  • Schaffner, B. F., & Gadson, M. (2004). Reinforcing Stereotypes? Race and Local Television News Coverage of Congress: Social Science Quarterly Vol 85(3) Sep 2004, 604-621.
  • Schiller, D. (1980). Facts of which moment? : Symbolic Interaction Vol 3(2) Nov 1980, 21-22.
  • Schneider, C. A. (2007). When journalism and scholarship collide: A critical analysis of "Newsweek's" annual report on America's top high schools. Dissertation Abstracts International Section A: Humanities and Social Sciences.
  • Schneider, S. L., Burke, M. D., Solomonson, A. L., & Laurion, S. K. (2005). Incidental Framing Effects and Associative Processes: A Study of Attribute Frames in Broadcast News Stories: Journal of Behavioral Decision Making Vol 18(4) Oct 2005, 261-280.
  • Schudson, M. (1980). Comment on Gaye Tuchman, "Facts of the moment: The study of news." Symbolic Interaction Vol 3(2) Nov 1980, 23-24.
  • Schudson, M. (1999). Social origins of press cynicism in portraying politics: American Behavioral Scientist Vol 42(6) Mar 1999, 998-1008.
  • Schudson, M. (2001). The emergence of the objectivity norm in American journalism. New York, NY: Russell Sage Foundation.
  • Schwalbe, C. B. (2006). Remembering Our Shared Past: Visually Framing the Iraq War on U.S. News Websites: Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication Vol 12(1) Oct 2006, 264-289.
  • Seale, C. (2001). Cancer in the news: Religious themes in news stories about people with cancer: Health: An Interdisciplinary Journal for the Social Study of Health, Illness and Medicine Vol 5(4) Oct 2001, 425-440.
  • Seale, C. (2002). Cancer Heroics: A Study of News Reports with Particular Reference to Gender: Sociology Vol 36(1) Feb 2002, 107-126.
  • Seib, P. (2005). Review of Media and the Path to Peace: Political Psychology Vol 26(6) Dec 2005, 977-978.
  • Semetko, H. A., & Valkenburg, P. M. (2000). Framing European politics: A content analysis of press and television news: Journal of Communication Vol 50(2) Spr 2000, 93-109.
  • Senokozlieva, M., Fischer, O., Bente, G., & Kramer, N. (2006). Of Frames and Cultures - A Cross-Cultural Comparison of TV Newscasts: Zeitschrift fur Medienpsychologie Vol 18(4) 2006, 160-173.
  • Sensales, G., & Pisilli, R. (2006). Representation of "Eight March" in the Italian daily press: Feminine identities and journalistic communication (1976-2001): Giornale Italiano di Psicologia Vol 33(4) Dec 2006, 793-827.
  • Serlin, I. A. (2006). Psychological Effects of the Virtual Media Coverage of the Iraq War: A Postmodern Humanistic Perspective. Westport, CT: Praeger Publishers/Greenwood Publishing Group.
  • Sethuraman, S. S. (1996). Effects of source on the perception and evaluation of online news. Dissertation Abstracts International Section A: Humanities and Social Sciences.
  • Shafer, R. (1993). What minority journalists identify as constraints to full newsroom equality: Howard Journal of Communications Vol 4(3) Spr 1993, 195-208.
  • Shah, D. V., Domke, D., & Wackman, D. B. (1996). "To thine own self be true": Values, framing, and voter decision-making strategies: Communication Research Vol 23(5) Oct 1996, 509-560.
  • Shah, D. V., Kwak, N., Schmierbach, M., & Zubric, J. (2004). The Interplay of News Frames on Cognitive Complexity: Human Communication Research Vol 30(1) Jan 2004, 102-120.
  • Sharma, D. (2006). Review of The news interview: Journalists and public figures on the air: Educational Psychology in Practice Vol 22(1) Mar 2006, 91-92.
  • Sharp, I. E., & Chapman, J. E. (2004). Antidepressants and Increased Suicidality: The Media Portrayal of the Controversy: The Scientific Review of Mental Health Practice Vol 3(1) Spr-Sum 2004, 71-75.
  • Shin, J.-H., & Cameron, G. T. (2003). Informal relations: A look at personal influence in media relations: Journal of Communication Management Vol 7(3) 2003, 239-253.
  • Shoemaker, P. J. (1996). Hardwired for news: Using biological and cultural evolution to explain the surveillance function: Journal of Communication Vol 46(3) Sum 1996, 32-47.
  • Shrum, L. J. (1997). The role of source confusion in cultivation effects may depend on processing strategy: A comment on Mares (1996): Human Communication Research Vol 24(2) Dec 1997, 349-358.
  • Shrum, L. J. (2002). Media consumption and perceptions of social reality: Effects and underlying processes. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Publishers.
  • Shugart, H. A. (2003). She shoots, she scores: Mediated constructions of contemporary female athletes in coverage of the 1999 US Women's Soccer Team: Western Journal of Communication Vol 67(1) Win 2003, 1-31.
  • Silcock, B. W., Heider, D., & Rogus, M. T. (2007). Managing television news: A handbook for ethical and effective producing. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Publishers.
  • Simon, A. F. (1997). Television news and international earthquake relief: Journal of Communication Vol 47(3) Sum 1997, 82-93.
  • Sinaga, S. T., & Wu, H. D. (2007). Predicting Indonesian Journalists' Use of Public Relations-Generated News Material: Journal of Public Relations Research Vol 19(1) 2007, 69-90.
  • Sinekopova, G. V. (2006). Building the Public Sphere: Bases and Biases: Journal of Communication Vol 56(3) Sep 2006, 505-522.
  • Skalski, P., & Tamborini, R. (2007). The role of social presence in interactive agent-based persuasion: Media Psychology Vol 10(3) 2007, 385-413.
  • Skirrow, P., Jones, C., Griffiths, R. D., & Kaney, S. (2002). The impact of current media events on hallucinatory content: The experience of the intensive care unit (ICU) patient: British Journal of Clinical Psychology Vol 41(1) Mar 2002, 87-91.
  • Slater, M. D., Hayes, A. F., & Ford, V. L. (2007). Examining the moderating and mediating roles of news exposure and attention on adolescent judgments of alcohol-related risks: Communication Research Vol 34(4) Aug 2007, 355-381.
  • Slater, M. D., Long, M., & Ford, V. L. (2006). Alcohol, Illegal Drugs, Violent Crime, and Traffic-Related and Other Unintended Injuries in U.S. Local and National News: Journal of Studies on Alcohol Vol 67(6) Nov 2006, 904-910.
  • Sleurs, K., Jacobs, G., & Van Waes, L. (2003). Constructing press releases, constructing quotations: A case study: Journal of Sociolinguistics Vol 7(2) May 2003, 192-212.
  • Smith, C. B., McLaughlin, M. L., & Osborne, K. K. (1997). Conduct control on Usenet: Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication Vol 2(4) Mar 1997, No Pagination Specified.
  • Smith, J. (2004). Review of From Angels to Aliens: Teenagers, the Media and the Supernatural: Journal of Media and Religion Vol 3(1) 2004, 73-74.
  • Smith, J. (2005). Dangerous News: Media Decision Making about Climate Change Risk: Risk Analysis Vol 25(6) Dec 2005, 1471-1482.
  • Smith, K. C., Cho, J., Gielen, A., & Vernick, J. S. (2007). Newspaper coverage of residential fires: An opportunity for prevention communication: Injury Prevention Vol 13(2) Apr 2007, 110-114.
  • Smith, K. C., & Wakefield, M. (2005). Textual Analysis of Tobacco Editorials: How Are Key Media Gatekeepers Framing the Issues? : American Journal of Health Promotion Vol 19(5) May-Jun 2005, 361-368.
  • Smith, S. L. (2001). Children's comprehension of and fear reactions to television news. Dissertation Abstracts International Section A: Humanities and Social Sciences.
  • Smith, S. L., & Moyer-Guse, E. (2006). Children and the War on Iraq: Developmental Differences in Fear Responses to Television News Coverage: Media Psychology Vol 8(3) 2006, 213-237.
  • Smith, S. L., & Wilson, B. J. (2000). Children's reactions to a television news story: The impact of video footage and proximity of the crime: Communication Research Vol 27(5) Oct 2000, 641-673.
  • Smith, S. L., & Wilson, B. J. (2002). Children's comprehension of and fear reactions to television news: Media Psychology Vol 4(1) Feb 2002, 1-26.
  • Smits, L., Krabbendam, L., de Bie, R., Essed, G., & van Os, J. (2006). Lower birth weight of Dutch neonates who were in utero at the time of the 9/11 attacks: Journal of Psychosomatic Research Vol 61(5) Nov 2006, 715-717.
  • Smolej, M., & Kivivuori, J. (2006). The Relation Between Crime News and Fear of Violence: Journal of Scandinavian Studies in Criminology and Crime Prevention Vol 7(2) Dec 2006, 211-227.
  • Soderlund, M. (2007). The role of news media in shaping and transforming the public perception of Mexican immigration and the laws involved: Law & Psychology Review Vol 31 Spr 2007, 167-177.
  • Sommers, S. R., Apfelbaum, E. P., Dukes, K. N., Toosi, N., & Wang, E. J. (2006). Race and Media Coverage of Hurricane Katrina: Analysis, Implications, and Future Research Questions: Analyses of Social Issues and Public Policy (ASAP) Vol 6(1) Dec 2006, 39-55.
  • Son, Y. J., & Weaver, D. H. (2006). Another Look at What Moves Public Opinion: Media Agenda Setting and Polls in the 2000 U.S Election: International Journal of Public Opinion Research Vol 18(2) Sum 2006, 174-197.
  • Song, Y. (2007). Internet news media and issue development: A case study on the roles of independent online news services as agenda-builders for anti-US protests in South Korea: New Media & Society Vol 9(1) Feb 2007, 71-92.
  • Soothill, K., Peelo, M., Pearson, J., & Francis, B. (2004). The reporting trajectories of top homicide cases in the media: A case study of The Times: Howard Journal of Criminal Justice Vol 43(1) Feb 2004, 1-14.
  • Sotirovic, M. (2001). Media use and perceptions of welfare: Journal of Communication Vol 51(4) Dec 2001, 750-774.
  • Sparks, G. G., & Pellechia, M. (1997). The effect of news stories about UFOs on readers' UFO beliefs: The role of confirming or disconfirming testimony from a scientist: Communication Reports Vol 10(2) Spr 1997, 165-172.
  • Spencer, J. W. (2005). It's Not as Simple as It Seems: Ambiguous Culpability and Ambivalent Affect in News Representations of Violent Youth: Symbolic Interaction Vol 28(1) Win 2005, 47-65.
  • Sprott, J. B. (1996). Understanding public views of youth crime and the youth justice system: Canadian Journal of Criminology Vol 38(3) Jul 1996, 271-290.
  • Stack, S. (1990). Divorce, suicide, and the mass media: An analysis of differential identification, 1948-1980: Journal of Marriage & the Family Vol 52(2) May 1990, 553-560.
  • Stack, S. (2003). Media coverage as a risk factor in suicide: Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health Vol 57(4) Apr 2003, 238-240.
  • Steele, W. R., Mebane, F., Viswanath, K., & Solomon, J. (2005). News Media Coverage of a Women's Health Controversy: How Newspapers and TV Outlets Covered a Recent Debate Over Screening Mammography: Women & Health Vol 41(3) 2005, 83-97.
  • Stevenson, R. L. (2002). Forum: Comments on "A matter of guilt or innocence." International Journal of Public Opinion Research Vol 14(4) Win 2002, 453-456.
  • Stewart, C. O. (2005). A Rhetorical Approach to News Discourse: Media Representations of a Controversial Study on 'Reparative Therapy.' Western Journal of Communication Vol 69(2) Apr 2005, 147-166.
  • Stoetzel, J. (1965). General social psychology: Bulletin de Psychologie 18(19-20/242) 1965, 1229-1238.
  • Stout, D. A. (2006). Review of Religion, media, and the public sphere: Journal of Communication Vol 56(3) Sep 2006, 633-634.
  • Strange, D., & Garry, M. (2007). On cognition and the media: Applied Cognitive Psychology Vol 21(8) Dec 2007, 979-980.
  • Stryker, J. E. (2003). Media and Marijuana: A Longitudinal Analysis of News Media Effects on Adolescents' Marijuana Use and Related Outcomes, 1977-1999: Journal of Health Communication Vol 8(4) Jul-Aug 2003, 305-328.
  • Stuart, H. (2006). Media Portrayal of Mental Illness and its Treatments: What Effect Does it Have on People with Mental Illness? : CNS Drugs Vol 20(2) 2006, 99-106.
  • Studebaker, C. A., & Penrod, S. D. (2005). Pretrial Publicity and Its Influence on Juror Decision Making. New York, NY: Guilford Press.
  • Subervi-Velez, F. A. (1999). Spanish-language television coverage of health news: Howard Journal of Communications Vol 10(3) Jul-Sep 1999, 207-228.
  • Sun, T., Chang, T.-K., & Yu, G. (2001). Social structure, media system, and audiences in China: Testing the uses and dependency model: Mass Communication and Society Vol 4(2) 2001, 199-217.
  • Sundar, S. S. (2003). News features and learning. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Publishers.
  • Surette, R., & Richard, A. (1995). Public information officers: A descriptive study of crime news gatekeepers: Journal of Criminal Justice Vol 23(4) 1995, 325-336.
  • Szabo, A., & Hopkinson, K. L. (2007). Negative psychological effects of watching the news in the television: Relaxation or another intervention may be needed to buffer them! : International Journal of Behavioral Medicine Vol 14(2) 2007, 57-62.
  • Szalkowska, A., & Francuz, P. (2003). Understanding press information: Psychological research: Przeglad Psychologiczny Vol 46(1) 2003, 79-99.
  • Taylor-Clark, K. A., Mebane, F. E., SteelFisher, G. K., & Blendon, R. J. (2007). News of disparity: Content analysis of news coverage of African American healthcare inequalities in the USA, 1994-2004: Social Science & Medicine Vol 65(3) Aug 2007, 405-417.
  • Tchaicha, J. D. (1996). Background knowledge and second language proficiency: How adult ESL learners make sense of United States news programming. Dissertation Abstracts International Section A: Humanities and Social Sciences.
  • Tedesco, J. C. (2001). Issue and strategy agenda-setting in the 2000 presidential primaries: American Behavioral Scientist Vol 44(12) Aug 2001, 2048-2067.
  • Tewksbury, D. (2003). What Do Americans Really Want to Know? Tracking the Behavior of News Readers on the Internet: Journal of Communication Vol 53(4) Dec 2003, 694-710.
  • Tewksbury, D. (2005). The Seeds of Audience Fragmentation: Specialization in the Use of Online News Sites: Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media Vol 49(3) Sep 2005, 332-348.
  • Thieme, K. (2006). Uptake and genre: The Canadian reception of suffrage militancy: Women's Studies International Forum Vol 29(3) May-Jun 2006, 279-288.
  • Thogersen, J. (2006). Media Attention and the Market for 'Green' Consumer Products: Business Strategy and the Environment Vol 15(3) May-Jun 2006, 145-156.
  • Thorson, E. (2006). Print News and Health Psychology: Some Observations: Journal of Health Psychology Vol 11(2) Mar 2006, 175-182.
  • Thurlow, C. (2006). From Statistical Panic to Moral Panic: The Metadiscursive Construction and Popular Exaggeration of New Media Language in the Print Media: Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication Vol 11(3) Apr 2006, 667-701.
  • Tiffen, R. (2004). Tip of the Iceberg or Moral Panic? Police Corruption Issues in Contemporary New South Wales: American Behavioral Scientist Vol 47(9) May 2004, 1171-1193.
  • Timney, M. C. (1998). Television news infographics and variables affecting information recall: An experimental study of the data-pixel ratio, visual referencing and field-dependence/independence. Dissertation Abstracts International Section A: Humanities and Social Sciences.
  • Titchkosky, T. (2005). Disability in the news: A reconsideration of reading: Disability & Society Vol 20(6) Oct 2005, 655-668.
  • Torwel, V. (2007). Fuel policy palaver: Ideological contestation in three Nigerian news magazines, 1999-2004. Dissertation Abstracts International Section A: Humanities and Social Sciences.
  • Tovares, R. (2000). Influences on the Mexican American youth gang discourse on local television news: Howard Journal of Communications Vol 11(4) Oct-Dec 2000, 229-246.
  • Tremayne, M. (2006). Applying Network Theory to the Use of External Links on News Web Sites. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Publishers.
  • Trenchard, K. I., & Crissy, W. J. E. (1952). Readability of advertising and editorial copy in Time and Newsweek: Journal of Applied Psychology Vol 36(3) Jun 1952, 161-163.
  • Trent, J. S., Short-Thompson, C., Mongeau, P. A., Nusz, A. K., & Trent, J. D. (2001). Image, media bias, and voter characteristics: The ideal candidate from 1988-2000: American Behavioral Scientist Vol 44(12) Aug 2001, 2101-2124.
  • Trenz, H.-J. (2005). The Media Order of Political Europe: The Forms and Dynamics of the Europeanization of Political Communication in the Quality Press: Zeitschrift fur Soziologie Vol 34(3) Jun 2005, 188-206.
  • Troldahl, V. C. (1965). Studies of consumption of mass media content: Journalism Quarterly 42(4) 1965, 596-603.
  • Tsafati, Y., & Cappella, J. N. (2003). Do People Watch What They Do Not Trust? Exploring the Association Between News Media Skepticism and Exposure: Communication Research Vol 30(5) Oct 2003, 504-529.
  • Tsang, A. S. L., & Zhou, N. (2005). Newsgroup participants as opinion leaders and seekers in online and offline communication environments: Journal of Business Research Vol 58(9) Sep 2005, 1186-1193.
  • Tsfati, Y. (2003). Media Skepticism and Climate of Opinion Perception: International Journal of Public Opinion Research Vol 15(1) Spr 2003, 65-82.
  • Tsfati, Y., & Cappella, J. N. (2005). Why Do People Watch News They Do Not Trust? The Need for Cognition as a Moderator in the Association Between News Media Skepticism and Exposure: Media Psychology Vol 7(3) 2005, 251-271.
  • Tsfati, Y., & Cohen, J. (2003). On the Effect of the "Third-Person Effect": Perceived Influence of Media Coverage and Residential Mobility Intentions: Journal of Communication Vol 53(4) Dec 2003, 711-727.
  • Tsfati, Y., & Cohen, J. (2005). The Influence of Presumed Media Influence on Democratic Legitimacy: The Case of Gaza Settlers: Communication Research Vol 32(6) Dec 2005, 794-821.
  • Tsfati, Y., & Peri, Y. (2006). Mainstream Media Skepticism and Exposure to Sectorial and Extranational News Media: The Case of Israel: Mass Communication and Society Vol 9(2) 2006, 165-187.
  • Tuchman, G. (1980). Facts of the moment: The study of news: Symbolic Interaction Vol 3(2) Nov 1980, 9-20.
  • Tuggle, C. A. (1998). The bias toward finding bias in television news: Communication Reports Vol 11(1) Win 1998, 65-72.
  • Tumber, H., & Waisbord, S. R. (2004). Political Scandals and Media Across Democracies, Volume II: American Behavioral Scientist Vol 47(9) May 2004, 1143-1153.
  • Tumlin, T. R. (2006). Ten things psychologists should know when talking to the press: the Behavior Therapist Vol 29(4) Apr 2006, 69-71,74.
  • Turner, J. F., Jr. (2007). The messenger overwhelming the message: The impact of ideological cues on information acquisition, counterarguing, and perceptions of media bias. Dissertation Abstracts International Section A: Humanities and Social Sciences.
  • Underwood, D. (2006). The Problem With Paul: Seeds of the Culture Wars and the Dilemma for Journalists: Journal of Media and Religion Vol 5(2) 2006, 71-90.
  • Uribe, R., & Gunter, B. (2007). Are 'sensational' news stories more likely to trigger viewers' emotions than non-sensational news stories? A content analysis of British TV News: European Journal of Communication Vol 22(2) Jun 2007, 207-228.
  • Valentino, N. A. (1999). Crime news and the priming of racial attitudes during evaluations of the president: Public Opinion Quarterly Vol 63(3) Fal 1999, 293-320.
  • Valkenburg, P. M., Semetko, H. A., & de Vreese, C. H. (1999). The effects of news frames on readers' thoughts and recall: Communication Research Vol 26(5) Oct 1999, 550-569.
  • van Dalen, A., & Deuze, M. (2006). Readers' Advocates or Newspapers' Ambassadors?: Newspaper Ombudsmen in the Netherlands: European Journal of Communication Vol 21(4) Dec 2006, 457-475.
  • Van den Bulck, J. (2006). Television News Avoidance: Exploratory Results From a One-Year Follow-Up Study: Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media Vol 50(2) Jun 2006, 231-252.
  • van der Brug, W., Semetko, H. A., & Valkenburg, P. M. (2007). Media priming in a multi-party context: A controlled naturalistic study in political communication: Political Behavior Vol 29(1) Mar 2007, 115-141.
  • Van Gorp, B. (2005). Where is the Frame? Victims and Intruders in the Belgian Press Coverage of the Asylum Issue: European Journal of Communication Vol 20(4) Dec 2005, 484-507.
  • van Oostendorp, H., & Bonebakker, C. (1999). Difficulties in updating mental representations during reading news reports. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Publishers.
  • Vasterman, P. L. M. (2005). Media-Hype: Self-Reinforcing News Waves: Journalistic Standards and the Construction of Social Problems: European Journal of Communication Vol 20(4) Dec 2005, 508-530.
  • Vercellotti, T., & Brewer, P. R. (2006). "To plead our own cause": Public Opinion Toward Black and Mainstream News Media Among African Americans: Journal of Black Studies Vol 37(2) Nov 2006, 231-250.
  • Vergeer, M., Lubbers, M., & Scheepers, P. (2000). Exposure to newspapers and attitudes toward ethnic minorities: A longitudinal analysis: Howard Journal of Communications Vol 11(2) Apr-Jun 2000, 127-143.
  • Vettehen, P. H., Nuijten, K., & Beentjes, J. (2005). News in an Age of Competition: The Case of Sensationalism in Dutch Television News, 1995-2001: Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media Vol 49(3) Sep 2005, 282-295.
  • Vincent, R. C., & Basil, M. D. (1997). College students' news gratifications, media use and current events knowledge: Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media Vol 41(3) Sum 1997, 380-392.
  • Voorhees, C. C. W., Vick, J., & Perkins, D. D. (2007). 'Came hell and high water': The intersection of Hurricane Katrina, the news media, race and poverty: Journal of Community & Applied Social Psychology Vol 17(6) Nov-Dec 2007, 415-429.
  • Wahl, O. F. (2001). "Mass media and psychiatry": Commentary: Current Opinion in Psychiatry Vol 14(6) Nov 2001, 530-531.
  • Wahl-Jorgensen, K. (2004). How Not to Found a Field: New Evidence on the Origins of Mass Communication Research: Journal of Communication Vol 54(3) Sep 2004, 547-564.
  • Walker, K. (1983). The doctor game: Reflections of a Canadian physician. Fair Oaks, CA: Morgan Foundation Publishers.
  • Walma van der Molen, J. H., & Klijn, M. E. (2004). Recall of television versus print news: Retesting the semantic overlap hypothesis: Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media Vol 48(1) 2004, 89-107.
  • Walma van der Molen, J. H., & van der Voort, T. H. A. (1996). Learning effects of televised and printed news for children: A media comparison study: Pedagogische Studien Vol 73(6) 1996, 459-473.
  • Walma van der Molen, J. H., & van der Voort, T. H. A. (2000). Children's and adults' recall of television and print news in children's and adult news formats: Communication Research Vol 27(2) Apr 2000, 132-160.
  • Wang, Z., & Gantz, W. (2007). Health content in local television news: Health Communication Vol 21(3) 2007, 213-221.
  • Wanta, W. (1997). The public and the national agenda: How people learn about important issues. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Publishers.
  • Wanta, W., & Ghanem, S. (2007). Effects of Agenda Setting. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Publishers.
  • Warr, P. B., & Knapper, C. (1966). The relative importance of verbal and visual information in indirect person perception: British Journal of Social & Clinical Psychology 5(2) 1966, 118-127.
  • Watts, M. D., Domke, D., Shah, D. V., & Fan, D. P. (1999). Elite cues and media bias in presidential campaigns: Explaining public perceptions of a liberal press: Communication Research Vol 26(2) Apr 1999, 144-175.
  • Weaver, D. H., Beam, R. A., Brownlee, B. J., Voakes, P. S., & Wilhoit, G. C. (2007). The American journalist in the 21st century: U.S. news people at the dawn of a new millennium. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Publishers.
  • Weber, I., & Evans, V. (2002). Constructing the meaning of digital television in Britain, the United States and Australia: New Media & Society Vol 4(4) Dec 2002, 435-456.
  • Wei, R., Lo, V.-H., & Lu, H.-Y. (2007). Reconsidering the relationship between the third-person perception and optimistic bias: Communication Research Vol 34(6) Dec 2007, 665-684.
  • Weizman, E. (2006). Roles and identities in news interviews: The Israeli context: Journal of Pragmatics Vol 38(2) Feb 2006, 154-179.
  • West, D. J. (2004). Review of Sex Crime and the Media: Sex Offending and the Press in a Divided Society: Howard Journal of Criminal Justice Vol 43(1) Feb 2004, 104-105.
  • Westbrook, T. L. (1995). The cognitive moral development of journalists: Distribution and implications for news production. Dissertation Abstracts International Section A: Humanities and Social Sciences.
  • White, P. R. R. (2006). Evaluative semantics and ideological positioning in journalistic discourse: A new framework for analysis. Amsterdam, Netherlands: John Benjamins Publishing Company.
  • Whitmore, N. J. (2006). Vicarious liability and the private university student press: Communication Law and Policy Vol 11(2) Spr 2006, 255-285.
  • Wicks, R. H. (2006). Emotional response to collective action media frames about Islam and terrorism: Journal of Media and Religion Vol 5(4) 2006, 245-263.
  • Wilcox, W. (1964). Numbers and the news: Graph, table or text? : Journalism Quarterly 41(1) 1964, 38-44.
  • Wilkins, L., & Coleman, R. (2005). The moral media: How journalists reason about ethics. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Publishers.
  • Wilkins, R. (2007). Cultural frames: Loci of intercultural communication asynchrony in a CBS 60 Minutes news segment: International Journal of Intercultural Relations Vol 31(2) Mar 2007, 243-258.
  • Wilkinson, C., Allan, S., Anderson, A., & Petersen, A. (2007). From uncertainty to risk? Scientific and news media portrayals of nanopartical safety: Health, Risk & Society Vol 9(2) Jun 2007, 145-157.
  • Willey, S. (2004). Focus Groups Newsroom Style. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Publishers.
  • Williams, B. A., & Carpini, M. X. D. (2004). Monica and Bill All the Time and Everywhere: The Collapse of Gatekeeping and Agenda Setting in the New Media Environment: American Behavioral Scientist Vol 47(9) May 2004, 1208-1230.
  • Williams, C., Kitzinger, J., & Henderson, L. (2003). Envisaging the embryo in stem cell research: Rhetorical strategies and media reporting of the ethical debates: Sociology of Health & Illness Vol 25(7) Nov 2003, 793-814.
  • Wilson, R. J., McWhinnie, A., Picheca, J. E., Prinzo, M., & Cortoni, F. (2007). Circles of Support and Accountability: Engaging Community Volunteers in the Management of High-Risk Sexual Offenders: Howard Journal of Criminal Justice Vol 46(1) Feb 2007, 1-15.
  • Wilson, T., & Tan, H. P. (2005). Less tangible ways of reading: A ludic surfing of online Western news sites: Information, Communication & Society Vol 8(3) 2005, 394-416.
  • Winterhoff-Spurk, P. (1997). Violence in TV news: The cultivation of emotions. D-65005 Wiesbaden, Germany: Westdeutscher Verlag.
  • Wolford, G. (2002). The issue of fear: Incomplete, I'm afraid: PsycCRITIQUES Vol 47 (1), Feb, 2002.
  • Woodland, P. C. (2002). The development of the HTK Broadcast News transcription system: An overview: Speech Communication Vol 37(1-2) May 2002, 47-67.
  • Wortley, S., Macmillan, R., & Hagan, J. (1997). Just des(s)erts? The racial polarization of perceptions of criminal injustice: Law & Society Review Vol 31(4) 1997, 637-676.
  • Wright, W., Ransom, E., & Tanaka, K. (2005). The "All-American Meal": Constructing Confidence in the Case of BSE: Illness, Crisis, & Loss Vol 13(2) 2005, 95-115.
  • Wu, H. D., & Lee, T.-T. (2005). The Submissive, the Calculated, and the American Dream: Coverage of Asian American Political Candidates in the 1990s: Howard Journal of Communications Vol 16(3) Jul-Sep 2005, 225-241.
  • Xiang, Y., & Sarvary, M. (2007). News consumption and media bias: Marketing Science Vol 26(5) Sep-Oct 2007, 611-628.
  • Yamagishi, K., Kitano, M., Morinaga, E., Iwamura, T., Matsubara, T., & Nagae, N. (1999). Perception of dioxin and other risks in Japan: Replication and extension: Perceptual and Motor Skills Vol 88(3, Pt 1) Jun 1999, 1009-1018.
  • Yamori, K. (1996). How do victims become less aware of the danger of a natural disaster? The case of the 1982 Nagasaki flood: Japanese Journal of Experimental Social Psychology Vol 36(1) Jul 1996, 20-31.
  • Yanovitzky, I. (2002). Effect of news coverage on the prevalence of drunk-driving behavior: Evidence from a longitudinal study: Journal of Studies on Alcohol Vol 63(3) May 2002, 342-351.
  • Yanovitzky, I. (2002). Effects of news coverage on policy attention and actions: A closer look into the media-policy connection: Communication Research Vol 29(4) Aug 2002, 422-451.
  • Yegiyan, N. S., & Grabe, M. E. (2007). An experimental investigation of source confusion in televised messages: News versus advertisements: Human Communication Research Vol 33(3) Jul 2007, 379-395.
  • Young, J. R. (2003). The role of fear in agenda setting by television news: American Behavioral Scientist Vol 46(12) Aug 2003, 1673-1695.
  • Zaharopoulos, T. (2007). The news framing of the 2004 Olympic Games: Mass Communication and Society Vol 10(2) 2007, 235-249.
  • Zeldes, G. A., & Fico, F. (2005). Race and gender: An analysis of sources and reporters in the networks' coverage of the 2000 presidential campaign: Mass Communication and Society Vol 8(4) 2005, 373-385.
  • Zeldes, G. A., Fico, F., & Diddi, A. (2007). Race and gender: An analysis of the sources and reporters in local television coverage of the 2002 Michigan gubernatorial campaign: Mass Communication and Society Vol 10(3) Jul-Sep 2007, 345-363.
  • Zelizer, B. (2005). Call for Papers for Special Issue of Political Communication: New Ways of Thinking About Journalism: Journal of Applied Communication Research Vol 33(2) May 2005, No Pagination Specified.
  • Zhao, X., Zhu, J.-H., Li, H., & Bleske, G. L. (1994). Media effects under a monopoly: The case of Beijing in economic reform: International Journal of Public Opinion Research Vol 6(2) Sum 1994, 95-117.
  • Zhou, S. (2005). Effects of Arousing Visuals and Redundancy on Cognitive Assessment of Television News: Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media Vol 49(1) Mar 2005, 23-42.
  • Zillmann, D. (2002). Exemplification theory of media influence. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Publishers.
  • Zillmann, D., & Brosius, H.-B. (2000). Exemplification in communication: The influence of case reports on the perception of issues. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Publishers.
  • Zillmann, D., Chen, L., Knobloch, S., & Callison, C. (2004). Effects of Lead Framing on Selective Exposure to Internet News Reports: Communication Research Vol 31(1) Feb 2004, 58-81.
  • Zillmann, D., & Gan, S.-L. (1996). Effects of threatening images in news programs on the perception of risk to others and self: Zeitschrift fur Medienpsychologie Vol 8(4) Dec 1996, 288-305.
  • Zillmann, D., Gibson, R., & Sargent, S. L. (1999). Effects of photographs in news-magazine reports on issue perception: Media Psychology Vol 1(3) 1999, 207-228.
  • Zillmann, D., Knobloch, S., & Yu, H.-s. (2001). Effects of photographs on the selective reading of news reports: Media Psychology Vol 3(4) 2001, 301-324.
  • Zimmerman, C., Bisanz, G. L., & Bisanz, J. (1998). Everyday scientific literacy: Do students use information about the social context and methods of research to evaluate new briefs about science? : Alberta Journal of Educational Research Vol 44(2) Sum 1998, 188-207.
  • Zoch, L. M. (2001). What's really important here?: Media self-coverage in the Susan Smith murder trial. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Publishers.
  • Zugazaga, C. B., Surette, R. B., Mendez, M., & Otto, C. W. (2006). Social Worker Perceptions of the Portrayal of the Profession in the News and Entertainment Media: An Exploratory Study: Journal of Social Work Education Vol 42(3) Fal 2006, 621-636.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia (view authors).

Around Wikia's network

Random Wiki