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The nervous system of ants consists of a ventral nerve cord that runs the length of the body, with several ganglia and branches along the way reaching into the extremities of the appendages.[1]

File:Scheme ant worker anatomy-en.svg

An ant's head contains many sensory organs. Like most insects, ants have compound eyes made from numerous tiny lenses attached together. Ants' eyes are good for acute movement detection but do not give a high resolution. They also have three small ocelli (simple eyes) on the top of the head that detect light levels and polarization.[2] Compared to vertebrates, most ants have poor-to-mediocre eyesight and a few subterranean species are completely blind. Some ants such as Australia's bulldog ant, however, have exceptional vision. Two antennae ("feelers") are attached to the head; these organs detect chemicals, air currents and vibrations; they are also used to transmit and receive signals through touch.

See alsoEdit


  1. Borror, Triplehorn & Delong (1989), pp. 24-71
  2. Fent K, Rudiger W (1985). Ocelli: A celestial compass in the desert ant Cataglyphis. Science 228 (4696): 192–194.
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