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National Organization for the Reform of Marijuana Laws

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The National Organization for the Reform of Marijuana Laws (NORML, pronounced /ˈnɔrməl/) is a Washington, D.C.-based non-profit organization in the United States whose aim is to "move public opinion sufficiently to achieve the repeal of cannabis prohibition so that the responsible use of this drug by adults is no longer subject to penalty." According to their website, NORML "supports the removal of all criminal penalties for the private possession and responsible use of marijuana by adults, including the cultivation for personal use, and the casual nonprofit transfers of small amounts," and "supports the development of a legally controlled market for cannabis."[1] NORML and the NORML Foundation support both those fighting prosecution under marijuana laws and those working to legalize marijuana.

In the 2006 United States midterm elections, NORML promoted several successful local initiatives that declared marijuana enforcement to be the lowest priority for local law enforcement. NORML claims that this frees up police resources to combat violent and serious crime.[2]

NORML plans to support efforts now underway in other states such as California to legalize and tax marijuana, which it claims is a means of coping with growing federal and state deficits without having to raise other taxes.[How to reference and link to summary or text]

NORML FoundationEdit

The NORML Foundation, the organization's tax-exempt unit, conducts educational and research activities.

Examples of the NORML Foundation's advocacy work is a detailed 2006 report, Emerging Clinical Applications For Cannabis.[3]

A comprehensive report with county-by-county marijuana arrest data, Crimes of Indiscretion: Marijuana Arrest in America, was published in 2005.[4]

In October 1998, NORML Foundation published the NORML Report on U.S. Domestic Marijuana Production that was widely cited in the mainstream media. The report methodically estimated the value and number of cannabis plants grown in 1997, finding that Drug Enforcement Administration, state and local law enforcement agencies seized 32% of domestic cannabis plants planted that year. According to the report, "Marijuana remains the fourth largest cash crop in America despite law enforcement spending an estimated $10 billion annually to pursue efforts to outlaw the plant."[5] Recent studies show that marijuana is larger than all other cash crops combined.[6] In 2002, the organization used ads containing New York City mayor Michael Bloomberg quoted on his past use of pot, saying "You bet I did. And I enjoyed it." The mayor said "I’m not thrilled they’re using my name. I suppose there’s that First Amendment that gets in the way of me stopping it," but maintained that the NYPD will continue to vigorously enforce the laws.[7]

AdministrationEdit

Board of DirectorsEdit

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Advisory BoardEdit


Executive directorsEdit

Past associatesEdit

HistoryEdit

NORML was founded in 1970 by Keith Stroup, funded by $5,000 from the Playboy Foundation. Since then, the organization has played a central role in the cannabis decriminalization movement. The organization has a large grassroots network with 135 chapters and over 550 lawyers. NORML holds both annual conferences and Continuing Legal Education (CLE)-accredited seminars. Its board of directors has, at times, included such prominent political figures as Senators Philip Hart and Jacob K. Javits.[9]

Recent actionsEdit

Petition to President ObamaEdit

NORML has written a petition to President Barack Obama asking that he appoints a "Drug Czar" who will treat drug abuse as a health issue rather than a criminal issue and will move away from a "War on Drugs" paradigm. NORML's goal for this petition is 100,000 signatures.

Boycotting of Kellogg CompanyEdit

In 2009, Kellogg Company dropped its contract with Olympic swimmer Michael Phelps after the swimmer was involved in a controversy involving marijuana. The Olympic swimmer was seen in a photo taking a hit from a bong. After the decision, head members of the NORML began boycotting Kellogg Company and urging all members and supporters of NORML to boycott Kellogg, until the company reverses the decision. NORML also suggested that supporters of the cause send emails or letters to Kellogg explaining the boycott and the reasons behind it, even providing a template for emails and letters.

Whether or not NORML's boycott played a significant role, Kellogg's brand reputation dropped from 9 to 83 after dropping its Michael Phelps contract. [10][11]

ReferencesEdit

See alsoEdit


External linksEdit


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