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The National Organization for the Reform of Marijuana Laws (NORML, pronounced /ˈnɔrməl/) is a Washington, D.C.-based non-profit organization in the United States whose aim is to "move public opinion sufficiently to achieve the repeal of cannabis prohibition so that the responsible use of this drug by adults is no longer subject to penalty." According to their website, NORML "supports the removal of all criminal penalties for the private possession and responsible use of marijuana by adults, including the cultivation for personal use, and the casual nonprofit transfers of small amounts," and "supports the development of a legally controlled market for cannabis." NORML and the NORML Foundation support both those fighting prosecution under marijuana laws and those working to legalize marijuana.
In the 2006 United States midterm elections, NORML promoted several successful local initiatives that declared marijuana enforcement to be the lowest priority for local law enforcement. NORML claims that this frees up police resources to combat violent and serious crime.
NORML plans to support efforts now underway in other states such as California to legalize and tax marijuana, which it claims is a means of coping with growing federal and state deficits without having to raise other taxes.[How to reference and link to summary or text]
The NORML Foundation, the organization's tax-exempt unit, conducts educational and research activities.
Examples of the NORML Foundation's advocacy work is a detailed 2006 report, Emerging Clinical Applications For Cannabis.
A comprehensive report with county-by-county marijuana arrest data, Crimes of Indiscretion: Marijuana Arrest in America, was published in 2005.
In October 1998, NORML Foundation published the NORML Report on U.S. Domestic Marijuana Production that was widely cited in the mainstream media. The report methodically estimated the value and number of cannabis plants grown in 1997, finding that Drug Enforcement Administration, state and local law enforcement agencies seized 32% of domestic cannabis plants planted that year. According to the report, "Marijuana remains the fourth largest cash crop in America despite law enforcement spending an estimated $10 billion annually to pursue efforts to outlaw the plant." Recent studies show that marijuana is larger than all other cash crops combined. In 2002, the organization used ads containing New York City mayor Michael Bloomberg quoted on his past use of pot, saying "You bet I did. And I enjoyed it." The mayor said "I’m not thrilled they’re using my name. I suppose there’s that First Amendment that gets in the way of me stopping it," but maintained that the NYPD will continue to vigorously enforce the laws.
Board of DirectorsEdit
- Steve Dillon, Esq. (Chair)
- Dale Gieringer, Ph.D. (Vice Chair)
- Rick Doblin, Ph.D.
- Ann Druyan
- Dominic Holden
- Norman Elliott Kent, Esq.
- Paul Kuhn
- Madeline Martinez
- William Panzer, Esq.
- George Rohrbacher
- Jeffrey Steinborn
- Allen St. Pierre
- R. Keith Stroup, Esq.
- Richard M. Wolfe
- Dan Viets, J.D.
- Peter Vilkelis
- Willie Nelson, Co-Chair (singer, songwriter, actor, author, guitarist, music producer and session musician)
- Nadine Strossen, Esq., Co-Chair (President, American Civil Liberties Union)
- David Boaz (Executive Vice-President, Cato Institute)
- Valerie Corral (WAMM)
- Tommy Chong (comedian, actor, director, author)
- Mitch Earleywine, Ph.D. (Associate Professor of Psychology)
- Barbara Ehrenreich
- Lester Grinspoon, M.D. (Harvard Medical School (emeritus))
- Terence Hallinan, Esq. (former San Francisco District Attorney)
- Woody Harrelson (actor)
- Bill Maher (comedian and social satirist)
- Ron Mann (documentary filmmaker)
- Kary Mullis, Ph.D. (1993 Nobel Laureate (Chemistry))
- Mark Stepnoski (former NFL star)
- Daniel Stern (actor, writer and director)
- Rick Steves (travel writer, television host)
- Clifford W. Thornton, Jr. (Efficacy & Co-Chair Green Party of the United States)
- Keith Stroup (1970-1979, 1995-2004)
- George Farnham (1979-1982)
- Kevin Zeese (1982-1986)
- Jon Gettman (1986-1989)
- Donald Fiedler (1989-1991)
- Richard Cowan (1992-1995)
- Allen St. Pierre (2005-present); Founding Director of the NORML Foundation, (1996-present)
- Hunter S. Thompson, gonzo journalist
- Robert Altman, film director
- John P. Morgan, M.D., Physician and Professor of Pharmacology
NORML was founded in 1970 by Keith Stroup, funded by $5,000 from the Playboy Foundation. Since then, the organization has played a central role in the cannabis decriminalization movement. The organization has a large grassroots network with 135 chapters and over 550 lawyers. NORML holds both annual conferences and Continuing Legal Education (CLE)-accredited seminars. Its board of directors has, at times, included such prominent political figures as Senators Philip Hart and Jacob K. Javits.
Petition to President ObamaEdit
NORML has written a petition to President Barack Obama asking that he appoints a "Drug Czar" who will treat drug abuse as a health issue rather than a criminal issue and will move away from a "War on Drugs" paradigm. NORML's goal for this petition is 100,000 signatures.
Boycotting of Kellogg CompanyEdit
In 2009, Kellogg Company dropped its contract with Olympic swimmer Michael Phelps after the swimmer was involved in a controversy involving marijuana. The Olympic swimmer was seen in a photo taking a hit from a bong. After the decision, head members of the NORML began boycotting Kellogg Company and urging all members and supporters of NORML to boycott Kellogg, until the company reverses the decision. NORML also suggested that supporters of the cause send emails or letters to Kellogg explaining the boycott and the reasons behind it, even providing a template for emails and letters.
- ↑ NORML Policy on Personal Use. NORML. URL accessed on 2008-08-26.
- ↑ NORML: Frequently Asked Questions.
- ↑ Recent Research on Medical Marijuana. URL accessed on 2007-04-22.
- ↑ Crimes of Indiscretion. URL accessed on 2007-04-22.
- ↑ NORML Report on U.S. Domestic Marijuana Production. URL accessed on 2007-04-22.
- ↑ includeonly>Bailey, Eric. "Pot is called biggest cash crop", Los Angeles Times, 2006-12-18. Retrieved on 2007-04-22.
- ↑ NYC Mayor Bloomberg's Pot Use is NORML: Drugwar.com
- ↑ Biographical Data on Richard Cowan. The Marijuana Times. URL accessed on 2007-04-22.
- ↑ Carlson, Peter (January 4, 2005), "Exhale, Stage Left", Washington Post: C01, http://www.washingtonpost.com/ac2/wp-dyn/A46033-2005Jan3?language=printer .
- ↑ Dumping Phelps Over Bong Rip Damages Kellogg's Brand Reputation. The Business Insider. URL accessed on 2009-04-20.
- ↑ Kellogg's Brand Damaged By Dumping Michael Phelps. The Huffington Post. URL accessed on 2009-04-20.
- Drug Policy Alliance
- Illegal drug trade
- Law Enforcement Against Prohibition (LEAP)
- Legality of cannabis
- Marijuana laws
- Marijuana Policy Project
- Multidisciplinary Association for Psychedelic Studies
- Prohibition of alcohol
- Removal of cannabis from Schedule I of the Controlled Substances Act
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