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In the fields of psychology and psychoanalysis, Napoleon complex (or Napoleon syndrome) is a colloquial term used to describe a type of inferiority complex suffered by people who are short. The term is also used more generally to describe people who are driven by a perceived handicap to overcompensate in other aspects of their lives. This can sometimes go as far as to lead to acts of violence or will to dominate those that are larger than the short person.
Alfred Adler pioneered the psychological work on inferiority complexes, and used Napoléon Bonaparte as an example of someone whom he thought was driven to extremes by a psychological need to compensate for what he saw as a handicap: his small stature. Although Napoleon was actually of average height for his time