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Multiple Sleep Latency Test

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MSLT Scores
Minutes Sleepiness
0-5Severe
5-10Troublesome
10-15Manageable
15-20Excellent

The Multiple Sleep Latency Test (MSLT) is a sleep disorder diagnostic tool. It used to measure the time it takes from the start of a nap period to the first signs of sleep. The test is based on the idea that the sleepier one is the faster they will fall asleep.

It can be used to test for narcolepsy, to distinguish between physical tiredness and true excessive daytime sleepiness, or to see if breathing disorder treatments are working. Its main purpose is to serve as an objective measure of sleepiness.

The test consists of four or five, twenty minute naps that are scheduled about two hours apart. The test is often done following an overnight sleep study. During the test things such as the patient's brain waves, EEG, muscle activity and eye movements are monitored and recorded. The entire test normally takes about 7 hours.

The MSLT may also be used more extensively to test sleepiness in a number of other research and diagnostic protocols.

HistoryEdit

The Multiple Sleep Latency Test was created in 1975 by sleep pioneer William C. Dement and Mary Carskadon. It developed out of repeating a project done in 1970 by Dr. Dement called the 90-minute day. They informally called the 0-5 score range the twilight zone due to its indication of extreme physical and mental impairment.

Typical procedure Edit

Preparation: On the day of the test the patient is asked to not take any stimulants such as tea, coffee, colas and chocolate.

  • Often a formal sleep study is done the night before.
  • Sometimes urine screening is done to make sure no substances exist in the subjects body that might interfere with sleep.
  • Patient may be asked to fill out a pre-test questionnaire
  • Electrodes are attached to the patient's head to record brain waves
  • Electrodes are attached by the eyes to record eye movement
  • Electrodes are attached to the chin to detect muscle tone
  • Heart beat may also be monitored
  • Patients are asked to perform simple tasks to test that the equipment is working properly
  • The patient is asked to nap for 20 minutes after which he is awoken
  • Nap process is repeated every two hours 4 or 5 times.
  • Patient may be asked to fill out a post test questionnaire

A neurologist or sleep specialist will review the results and inform the patient of the outcome

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