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Individual differences |
Methods | Statistics | Clinical | Educational | Industrial | Professional items | World psychology |
Mononeuropathy (or "mononeuritis") is a type of neuropathy that only affects a single peripheral or cranial nerve. It is diagnostically useful to distinguish them from peripheral neuropathy and autonomic neuropathy because the limitation in scope makes it more likely that the cause is a localized trauma or infection.
The "pins-and-needles" sensation of one's "foot falling asleep" (paresthesia) can be caused by a type of mononeuropathy, albeit a temporary one which can be resolved merely by moving around and adjusting to a more appropriate position.
Examples of mononeuropathies Edit
- Thoracic outlet syndrome - Brachial plexus (varies)
- Carpal tunnel syndrome - Median nerve
- Cubital tunnel syndrome - Ulnar nerve
- Guyon's canal syndrome - Ulnar nerve
- Radial neuropathy (coll. Saturday Night Palsy) - Radial nerve
- Winged scapula - Long thoracic nerve (usually)
- Meralgia paraesthetica - Lateral cutaneous nerve of thigh
- Tarsal tunnel syndrome - Tibial nerve
- Facial (note: although these are conditions which affect only a single nerve, they are less frequently called "mononeuropathies" than the conditions above)
Nervous system pathology, primarily PNS (G50-G99, 350-359)
|Nerve, nerve root|
and plexus disorders
cranial nerve: V (Trigeminal neuralgia) - VII (Facial nerve paralysis, Bell's palsy, Melkersson-Rosenthal syndrome, Central seven) - XI (Accessory nerve disorder)
and other disorders of the PNS
| Diseases of myoneural junction|
Myasthenia gravis - Primary disorders of muscles (Muscular dystrophy, Myotonic dystrophy, Myotonia congenita, Thomsen disease, Neuromyotonia, Paramyotonia congenita, Centronuclear myopathy, Nemaline myopathy, Mitochondrial myopathy) - Myopathy - Periodic paralysis (Hypokalemic, Hyperkalemic) - Lambert-Eaton myasthenic syndrome
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