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(Created page with '{{SocPsy}} :''For the more general concept, see Mixed marriage {{Original research|date=August 2009}} {{Close Relationships}} A '''mixed-orientation marriage''' is a [[mar…')
 
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:''For the more general concept, see [[Mixed marriage]]
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A '''mixed-orientation marriage''' is a marriage between partners of differing sexual orientation, one person is heterosexual, homosexual, bisexual or asexual while the other not. The broader term is '''mixed-orientation relationship''' and both terms are often shortened to MOM and MOR respectively.
{{Original research|date=August 2009}}
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==Lavender marriage==
  +
A mixed-orientation marriage used to cover up one's sexual orientation, sometimes for purposes of career advancement, is called a lavender marriage.
   
{{Close Relationships}}
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The heterosexual companion is often called a beard.
   
A '''mixed-orientation marriage''' is a [[marriage]] between a [[man]] and a [[woman]] in which one of the partners is [[heterosexual]] and the other is either [[bisexual]], [[homosexual]], or [[asexuality|asexual]].<ref>{{cite news
+
Some eprsons cite spiritual reasons for getting married. One married homosexual ma said his "spirited identity" has always been "marriage and family".
|title=How to tell if your husband is gay
 
|first=Rochelle
 
|last=Hentges
 
|publisher=[[Pittsburgh Tribune-Review]]
 
|date=October 4, 2006
 
|url=http://www.pittsburghlive.com/x/pittsburghtrib/news/tribpm/s_473458.html}}</ref>
 
   
== LGB spouse ==
+
The New York Times reported "On the whole these are not marriages of convenience or cynical efforts to create cover. Gay and bisexual men continue to marry for complex reasons, many impelled not only by discrimination, but also by wishful thinking, the layered ambiguites of sexual love and authentic affection.
There may be many reasons why an LGB person may enter into a mixed-orientation marriage. A study on 26 gay and bisexual men indicated that the two most frequent reasons for marriage were that it seemed natural, and a desire for children and family life.<ref>[http://www.haworthpress.com/store/ArticleAbstract.asp?sid=3Q4EE45JK40W8L1DN0HJVF3U8WFT5DSC&ID=11230 Gay Men from Heterosexual Marriages: Attitudes, Behaviors, Childhood Experiences, and Reasons for Marriage]</ref> The [[New York Times]] reported "On the whole these are not marriages of convenience or cynical efforts to create cover. Gay and bisexual men continue to marry for complex reasons, many impelled not only by discrimination, but also by wishful thinking, the layered ambiguities of sexual love and authentic affection."<ref name=Brokeback>{{cite news
+
==Gay and bisexual men==
|title=Many Couples Must Negotiate Terms of 'Brokeback' Marriages
+
A study of 26 gay and bisexual men found that inernalized homophobia is a factor that leads such men into mixed-orientation marriages. Marriages between a homosexual man and a heterosexual woman have a high probability of failure.                                                                                            
|url=http://www.nytimes.com/2006/03/07/health/07broke.html?_r=2&oref=slogin&oref=slogin
 
|last=Butler
 
|first=Katy
 
|date=March 7, 2006
 
|publisher=[[New York Times]]}}</ref> A mixed-orientation marriage used to cover up one's sexual orientation, especially for their career, is called a [[lavender marriage]].<ref>{{cite journal |title=Lavender marriage |url=http://www.odps.org/glossword/index.php?a=term&d=8&t=8186}}</ref>
 
   
Joe Kort, a counselor specializing in mixed-orientation marriages, said "These men genuinely love their wives. They fall in love with their wives, they have children, they're on a chemical, romantic high, and then after about seven years, the high falls away and their gay identity starts emerging. They don't mean any harm."<ref name=Brokeback /> Others cite spiritual reasons for getting married.<ref>[http://www.rickross.com/reference/mormon/mormon336.html Gay, Mormon, married]</ref><ref>{{cite news
+
Joe Kort, a counselor specializing in mixed-orientation marriage, said "These men genuisely love their wives. They fall in love wih their wives, they have children, they're on a chemical, romantic high, and then after aout seven years, the high falls away and their gay identity starts emerging. They don't mean any harm. While many hide their orientation from their spouse, others tell thier spouse before marriage. It is also possible taht someone was exclusively heterosexual in behavior and fantasies before marriage, but grew toward a more homosexual orientation during marriage.
|url=http://www.christianitytoday.com/ct/2002/march11/2.50.html
+
==Heterosexual women==
|title=No Easy Victory
+
One study states that heterosexual women in mixed-orientation marriages may be attracted to homosexual men and proceed to marry them. Kort said "straigh individuals rarely marry gay people accidentally." He theorized that some heterosexual women find homosexual men less judgmental and more felxible, while others unconsciously seek partnerships that are not sexually passionate.
|publisher=[[Christianity Today]]
+
==Communication==
|date=March 11, 2002}}</ref> One married homosexual man said his "spiritual identity" had always been "marriage and family."<ref name=Moore07>{{cite news
+
Heterosexual wives of homosexual men who did nt knw of their husband's sexual orientation may feel deceived or blame themselves for not having known. Fear of encountering social disapproval or ostracism often makes i difficult for them to seek support form family and friends. Findings suggest that heterosexual wives struggled less with the homosexuality itself than with problemes of isolation, stigma, loss, cognitive confuion and dissonance and lack of knowledgeable, empathic support or help in problem solving.
|url=http://deseretnews.com/dn/view/0,1249,660207378,00.html
+
==Possible risks==
|title=Gay LDS men detail challenges
+
Heterosexual wives often feel they are not feminine enough, while heterosexual husbands feel they are not masculine enough. In the particular case of a heterosexual-homosexual marriage, the heterosexual spouse may feel sexually inadequate.
|publisher=[[Deseret Morning News]]
+
==Sexual relationship disorder==
|last=Moore
+
If a change in sexual orientation after a periode stability in sexual orientation causes anxiety or depression, escially if the person is involves in a relationship, the person may have a sexual maturation disorder.
|first=Carrie A.
 
|date=March 30, 2007}}</ref> While many hide their orientation from their spouse, others tell their spouse before marriage.<ref name=Moore07/> LGB parents must also decide how and when to come out to their children. For many, this may be a difficult process.<ref>{{cite journal |author=Dunne EJ |title=Helping gay fathers come out to their children |journal=J Homosex. |volume=14 |issue=1-2 |pages=213–22 |year=1987 |pmid=3655343 |doi=10.1300/J082v14n01_16 }}</ref> It is also possible that a woman was exclusively heterosexual in behavior and fantasies before marriage, but grew toward a more homosexual orientation during marriage.<ref>{{cite journal |author=Coleman E |title=Bisexual women in marriages |journal=J Homosex. |volume=11 |issue=1-2 |pages=87–99 |year=1985 |pmid=4056398 |doi=10.1300/J082v11n01_08 }}</ref> If a change in sexual orientation after a period of relative stability in sexual orientation causes anxiety or depression, especially if the person is involved in a relationship, they may have a [[sexual maturation disorder]].
 
   
== Heterosexual spouse ==
+
A perso who is either in a mixed-orientation marriage or wishes to enter into one may go to therapy or support to deal with issues in that type of marriage. A significant number of men and women experince conflict surronding homosexual expression within marriage. Although a strong homosexual indetity was associated with difficulties in martial satisfcation, viewing thesame-sex activities as complusive facilitated commitment to the marriage and to monogamy. Research by Coleman suggest that some develop a ways of incorporating same-sex and opposite-sex feelings into life partterns. Peers provide the most support, while therapists ate often unfamiliar with sexual orientation, mixed orientation couples, or societal attitudes that impact mixed orientation families.
There may be many reasons why a heterosexual person may enter into a mixed orientation marriage. One study states that heterosexual women in mixed-orientation marriages may be attracted to homosexual men and proceed to marry them.<ref>{{cite journal |author=Büntzly G |title=Gay fathers in straight marriages |journal=J Homosex. |volume=24 |issue=3-4 |pages=107–14 |year=1993 |pmid=8505530 |doi=10.1300/J082v24n03_07 }}</ref> Kort said "straight individuals rarely marry gay people accidentally."<ref>{{cite journal
 
|url=http://www.joekort.com/joekort_the_new_mixed_marriage.htm
 
|publisher=[[Psychotherapy Networker]]
 
|date=September 2005
 
|last=Kort
 
|first=Joe
 
|title=The New Mixed Marriage: When One Partner is Gay}}</ref> He theorized that some heterosexual women find homosexual men less judgmental and more flexible, while others unconsciously seek partnerships that are not sexually passionate.<ref name=Brokeback />
 
   
Heterosexual wives of homosexual men who did not know of their husband's sexual orientation may feel deceived or stupid for not having known. It is often difficult for them to seek support from family and friends because of fear of encountering social disapproval or ostracism.<ref>{{cite journal |author=Hays D, Samuels A |title=Heterosexual women's perceptions of their marriages to bisexual or homosexual men |journal=J Homosex. |volume=18 |issue=1-2 |pages=81–100 |year=1989 |pmid=2794500 |doi=10.1300/J082v18n01_04 }}</ref> Findings suggest that heterosexual wives struggled less with the homosexuality itself than with problems of isolation, stigma, loss, cognitive confusion and dissonance, and lack of knowledgeable, empathic support or help in problem solving.<ref>{{cite journal |author=Gochros JS |title=Wives' reactions to learning that their husbands are bisexual |journal=J Homosex. |volume=11 |issue=1-2 |pages=101–13 |year=1985 |pmid=4056383 |doi=10.1300/J082v11n01_09 }}</ref> Heterosexual wives often feel they are not feminine enough, while heterosexual husbands feel they are not masculine enough. The heterosexual spouse may feel sexual inadequate. If a gay or bisexual husband had an affair, the heterosexual wife may fear having contracted sexually transmitted diseases.<ref name=Bigner />
+
Approximately one third of marriges end immediately when the bisexual or homosexual spouse his or her sexual orinetation, whereas another third end after a short period of time. The remaing thrid attempt to continue the marrige successfully. In this case, the most succesful marriages reassess their relatonship in light of the sexual orientation.
 
== Sexual relationship disorder ==
 
{{main|Sexual relationship disorder}}
 
A person who is either in a mixed-orientation marriage or wishes to enter into one may go to therapy or support groups to deal with issues involved in that type of marriage.<ref>{{cite book |author=Rust, Paula C. |title=Bisexuality in the United States: a social science reader |publisher=Columbia University Press |location=New York |year=2000 |pages= |isbn=0-231-10227-5 |url= http://books.google.com/books?hl=en&lr=&id=EwcABAApgR8C&oi=fnd&pg=RA1-PA307&ots=VWErXedbQU&sig=yD1zyU4COaXUwjBl-P-S3tafBPg#PRA1-PA307,M1}}</ref> A significant number of men and women experience conflict surrounding homosexual expression within marriage.<ref>{{cite journal |author=Wolf TJ |title=Group psychotherapy for bisexual men and their wives |journal=J Homosex. |volume=14 |issue=1-2 |pages=191–9 |year=1987 |pmid=3655341 |doi=10.1300/J082v14n01_14 }}</ref> Although a strong homosexual identity was associated with difficulties in marital satisfaction, viewing the same-sex activities as compulsive facilitated commitment to the marriage and to monogamy.<ref>{{cite journal |author=Schneider JP, Schneider BH |title=Marital satisfaction during recovery from self-identified sexual addiction among bisexual men and their wives |journal=J Sex Marital Ther. |volume=16 |issue=4 |pages=230–50 |year=1990 |pmid=2079706 }}</ref> Research by Coleman suggest that some develop a positive homosexual identity while maintaining a successful marriage.<ref>{{cite journal |author=Matteson DR |title=Bisexual men in marriage: is a positive homosexual identity and stable marriage possible? |journal=J Homosex. |volume=11 |issue=1-2 |pages=149–71 |year=1985 |pmid=4056386 |doi=10.1300/J082v11n01_12 }}</ref> Therapy may include helping the client feel more comfortable and accepting of same-sex feelings and to explore ways of incorporating same-sex and opposite-sex feelings into life patterns.<ref>{{cite journal |author=Coleman E |title=Bisexual and gay men in heterosexual marriage: conflicts and resolutions in therapy |journal=J Homosex. |volume=7 |issue=2-3 |pages=93–103 |year=1981 |pmid=7346553 |doi=10.1300/J082v07n02_11 }}</ref> Peers provide the most support, while therapists are often unfamiliar with sexual orientation, mixed orientation couples, or societal attitudes that impact mixed orientation families.<ref>{{cite journal |author=Buxton AP |title=A Family Matter: When a Spouse Comes Out as Gay, Lesbian, or Bisexual |journal=J GLBT Family Studies |volume=1 |issue=2 |pages=49–70 |year=2005 |issn=1550-428X |doi=10.1300/J461v01n02_04 |url=http://www.haworthpress.com/store/ArticleAbstract.asp?sid=3Q4EE45JK40W8L1DN0HJVF3U8WFT5DSC&ID=55278}}</ref>
 
 
Approximately one third of marriages end immediately when the bisexual or homosexual spouse reveals his or her sexual orientation, whereas another third end after a short period of time. The remaining third try to make it work. The most successful ones reassess their relationship in light of the sexual orientation, where less successful ones try to make the marriage the same as it was before. Most successful marriages are either [[open marriage]]s, where neither partner is expected to remain faithful, or [[monogamous]] marriages, either with or without lovemaking.<ref name=Bigner>Jerry J. Bigner, Joseph L. Wetchler [http://books.google.com/books?hl=en&lr=&id=tIefcYvSQ5IC&oi=fnd&pg=PA95&dq=Buxton+2001+marriage&ots=8tq13tlMs9&sig=qghIuZ9FVrneQGOu4m-VQ-A2Mkw#v=onepage&q=Buxton%202001%20marriage&f=false Relationship therapy with same-sex couples]</ref>
 
 
{{POV|date=June 2009}}
 
A person with a bisexual or homosexual orientation may attempt [[conversion therapy]], often because of religious/moral conflict, opportunity for opposite-sex marriage and family, maintenance of existing marriage and family, or desire to avoid the non-monogamy and risky sexual behaviors that create serious risk for HIV infection.<ref>{{cite journal |author=Rosik CH |title=Motivational, ethical, and epistemological foundations in the treatment of unwanted homoerotic attraction |journal=J Marital Fam Ther. |volume=29 |issue=1 |pages=13–28 |year=2003 |month=Jan |pmid=12616795 |doi=10.1111/j.1752-0606.2003.tb00379.x }}</ref> They may also attend [[ex-gay]] groups, either before or after their marriage.<ref>[http://www.wlos.com/shared/newsroom/top_stories/wlos_vid_1032.shtml Top Stories]</ref> Dr. Robinson interviewed seven men in a mixed-orientation marriage who had been through an ex-gay group. They believe they had a spiritual transformation and that their orientation was changed. They were no longer troubled by feeling different or rejected by heterosexual men, emotional attraction to men, sexual attraction to men, feeling bad about same-sex desires, social isolation, or compulsive sexual thoughts and behaviors. Robinson found that their change came from a new understanding that prior [[same-sex attraction]]s did not require them to be gay.<ref>{{cite journal
 
|publisher=[[American Psychological Association]]
 
|journal=Professional Psychology: Research and Practice
 
|title=Initial empirical and clinical findings concerning the change process for ex-gays
 
|url=http://www.drthrockmorton.com/article.asp?id=1
 
|date=June 2002
 
|volume=33
 
|number=3
 
|pages=242–248
 
|last=Throckmorton
 
|first=Warren
 
|doi=10.1037/0735-7028.33.3.242}}</ref>
 
 
Some bisexual men express with minimal conflict their homosexual and heterosexual impulses within the framework of a mixed-orientation marriage,<ref>{{cite journal |author=Brownfain JJ |title=A study of the married bisexual male: paradox and resolution |journal=J Homosex. |volume=11 |issue=1-2 |pages=173–88 |year=1985 |pmid=4056387 |doi=10.1300/J082v11n01_13 }}</ref> with openness and communication being a key factor.<ref>{{cite journal |author=Coleman E |title=Integration of male bisexuality and marriage |journal=J Homosex. |volume=11 |issue=1-2 |pages=189–207 |year=1985 |pmid=4056388 |doi=10.1300/J082v11n01_14 }}</ref>
 
 
Support groups are available for those involved in a mixed-orientation marriage. The ''[[New York Times]]'' states "Although precise numbers are impossible to come by, 10,000 to 20,000 wives of gay husbands have contacted online support groups, and increasing numbers of them are women in their 20s or 30s."<ref name=Brokeback />
 
   
  +
Some bisexual men express with minimal conflict their homosexual and heterosexual impluses within the framework of a mixed-orientation marriage, with openness and commnication, being a key factor.
 
==Divorce==
 
==Divorce==
[[Divorce]] is one possible resolution for the homosexual partner, potentially with re-marriage to person of the same sex. Many gay and lesbian people who [[come out]] late in life have children from a previous heterosexual marriage.
+
Divorce is one possible resolution for the homosexual partner, potentially with re-marrige to person of the same sex. Gay and lesbian people who come out late in life may have children from aprevious heterosexual marriage.
 
== In media ==
 
The theme of mixed-orientation marriages in literature dates back at least to 1899 with the publication of ''A Marriage Below Zero'' by Alfred J. Cohen (writing under the pseudonym Chester Allan Dale). Cohen's heterosexual female narrator was married to a homosexual man. Cohen believed that women should be aware of the sexual orientation of a potential husband so they would avoid marrying a homosexual man.<ref>Fletcher, Lynne Yamaguchi (1992) ''The First Gay Pope and Other Records''. Boston, Alyson Publications. ISBN 1-55583-206-7. p. 93</ref> [[Lesbian pulp fiction]] sometimes included married women exploring their attraction to other women. Other examples of the theme include ''[[Brokeback Mountain (short story)|Brokeback Mountain]]'' by [[Annie Proulx]], which features two married cowboys in love with each other.
 
 
The filmed version of ''[[Brokeback Mountain]]'' helped bring the issue of mixed-orientation marriages to public attention,<ref name=Brokeback /> but several other movies had already dealt with the issue. Talk shows, such as [[Oprah]], have also dealt with the issue.<ref>[http://www2.oprah.com/tows/pastshows/200410/tows_past_20041027.jhtml My Husband is gay]</ref> Some of the movies that deal with mixed-orientation marriages include:
 
 
* ''[[Brokeback Mountain]]''
 
* ''[[De-Lovely]]'' - The story of Cole Porter, a bisexual man and his wife, Linda Lee Thomas.
 
* ''[[Far From Heaven]]'' - The story of a woman whose husband has an affair with another man.
 
* ''[[Imagine Me & You]]'' - Story of a straight woman who falls in love with a lesbian at her wedding.
 
* ''[[The Wedding Banquet]]'' - Story of a gay Taiwanese immigrant man who marries a mainland Chinese woman to placate his parents and get her a green card.
 
* Mulligans - The story of a gay man who spends the summer with his best friend's family and begins an affair with the father.
 
* ''[[American Beauty]]''
 
 
== Famous couples ==
 
There have been several famous celebrities who are in a mixed-orientation marriage, including:
 
 
* [[Anne Heche]] married Coleman Laffoon after breaking up with [[Ellen DeGeneres]]. She told [[Advocate]] "I have been very clear to everybody that just because I'm getting married does not mean I call myself a straight."
 
* [[Julie Cypher]] married Matthew Hale after breaking up with [[Melissa Etheridge]].
 
* [[Margaret Cho]] is married to Al Ridenour and identifies as [[queer]].<ref>[http://www.cnn.com/2009/SHOWBIZ/TV/05/04/margaret.cho.diva/index.html Margaret Cho geared up for 'Dead']</ref>
 
* [[Anthony Perkins]] married [[Berry Berenson]]. He had previous relationships with [[Rock Hudson]] and [[Tab Hunter]], dancer [[Rudolf Nureyev]], composer/lyricist [[Stephen Sondheim]] and dancer-choreographer [[Grover Dale]], but underwent [[conversion therapy|therapy]] after meeting [[Victoria Principal]].
 
* [[Cole Porter]], who was described as "an openly closeted gay man,"<ref name="glbtq">{{Cite news |last=Frontain |first=Raymond-Jean |title=Porter, Cole |periodical=[[glbtq.com]] |year=2002 |url=http://www.glbtq.com/arts/porter_c.html |accessdate=2007-10-17}}</ref> was married to [[Linda Lee Thomas]]. Their marriage was the subject of ''[[Night and Day (1946 film)|Night and Day]]'', but his sexuality was ignored. A later film, [[De-Lovely]], dealt more openly with his sexuality.
 
* [[Billie Joe Armstrong]] of [[Green Day]] married [[Adrienne Armstrong|Adrienne Nesser]] in 1994 and together they have two kids. In a 1995 interview with ''[[The Advocate]]'', he said "I think I've always been bisexual. I mean, it's something that I've always been interested in."<ref>[http://web.archive.org/web/20050309020312/http://www.advocate.com/html/stories/822/822_greenday672_3.asp "Coming Clean"] January 24, 1995</ref><ref>[http://www.theadvocates.org/celebrities/billie-joe-armstrong.html Libertarian Celebrities - Advocates for Self-Government]</ref>
 
* [[David Bowie]] came out as bisexual in 1972<ref>{{cite news |last=Collis| first=Clark| title =
 
Dear Superstar: David Bowie | publisher =''Blender'' | date= 2002–08 | url =http://www.blender.com/guide/articles.aspx?id=366}}</ref> and married [[Iman (model)|Iman Abdulmajid]] in 1992.
 
* [[Oscar Wilde]] married Constance Lloyd, but may have had significant sexual relationships with [[Frank Miles]], [[Robert Baldwin Ross]], and [[Lord Alfred Douglas]].
 
* [[Little Richard]] was married in 1959 and his biography, ''The Life and Times of Little Richard'' details his involvement with [[homosexuality]].
 
* [[Andrea Dworkin]] and [[John Stoltenberg]] were a lesbian and a gay man who were married to each other and continued to be gay rights activists.
 
* Actress [[Liza Minnelli]]'s first marriage was to impresario [[Peter Allen]], who was gay.
 
* Painters [[Vanessa Bell]] and [[Duncan Grant]] lived together for forty years and had a daughter together, but had a sexual relationship for only a short time, as Grant was openly gay.
 
* [[Vita Sackville-West]] and [[Harold Nicolson]] were married for over forty years and had two sons together, although both were homosexual. Their younger son Nigel wrote the book ''Portrait of a Marriage'' about his parents' relationship.
 
* The love between writer [[Lytton Strachey]] and artist [[Dora Carrington]] is the subject of the film ''[[Carrington (film)|Carrington]]'' (1995). Although Strachey was openly gay, the two lived together for many years, and Carrington committed suicide upon Strachey's death from cancer, unable to live without him.
 
* Poet [[Kathleen Raine]] had an enduring deep relationship with gay naturalist and writer [[Gavin Maxwell]]; she famously cursed him by wishing him to suffer as she had suffered from her love for him.
 
* [[Adrian (costume designer)|Adrian]], a costume designer, was openly gay, but married [[Janet Gaynor]] in 1939. Together they had a son named Robin Gaynor Adrian, born in 1940. They remained married until Adrian's death on March 3, 1959. Though Gaynor later remarried, she & Adrian are buried in the [[Hollywood Forever Cemetery]] in [[Hollywood, California]].
 
* [[Megan Mullally]] married [[Nick Offerman]] in 2003. She commented in an interview in ''[[The Advocate]]'' magazine, "I consider myself [[bisexual]], and my philosophy is, everyone innately is."<ref name="advocate">{{Cite news |title=The Advocate's 25 Coolest Women |date=November 23, 1999 |periodical=[[The Advocate]]}}</ref>
 
*[[Alan Cumming]] has been married to a woman and then a man. He has identified himself as bisexual.
 
*[[Alla Nazimova]] and [[Charles Bryant (actor)]] were married from 1912 to 1925, though Nazimova was romantically involved with [[Eva Le Gallienne]], director [[Dorothy Arzner]], writer [[Mercedes de Acosta]], and Oscar Wilde's niece, [[Dolly Wilde]].
 
*[[Mercedes de Acosta]] was married to Abram Poole, though having several affairs with other women.
 
*[[Marlene Dietrich]] was married to Rudolf Sieber. Together, they had one daughter, Maria Elisabeth Sieber.
 
*[[Tamara Karsavina]] was married to Henry James Bruce.
 
*[[David Bacon (actor)|David Bacon]] and [[Greta Keller]] were married. Keller later said that Bacon was homosexual, and that she was lesbian, and that their marriage allowed both of them to maintain a respectable facade in Hollywood, where they were both attempting to establish film careers.
 
*[[Guthrie McClintic]] and [[Estelle Winwood]] were both LGB and were married for 40 years.
 
* Artist [[Frida Kahlo]] was married to fellow artist [[Diego Rivera]]. Both Frida and Diego had multiple affairs, some of Frida's affairs being with women.
 
* Gay porno star [[Jack Wrangler]] was married to [[Margaret Whiting]] from 1994 until his death.
 
 
== References ==
 
{{No footnotes|date=April 2009}}
 
{{reflist|2}}
 
 
==Further reading==
 
*{{cite book |author=Bozett, Frederick W. |title=Gay and lesbian parents |publisher=Praeger |location=New York |year=1987 |isbn=0-275-92541-2 |url=http://books.google.com/books?hl=en&lr=&id=yffzsKWvP6AC&oi=fnd&pg=PA138&ots=8RVKJpMsQh&sig=cV1xTjj9Is2BYObvw7DLb4bd7fw#PPA138,M1}}
 
*{{cite journal |author=Latham JD, White GD |title=Coping with homosexual expression within heterosexual marriages: five case studies |journal=J Sex Marital Ther. |volume=4 |issue=3 |pages=198–212 |year=1978 |pmid=722822 }}
 
*{{cite journal |author=van der Geest H |title=Homosexuality and marriage |journal=J Homosex. |volume=24 |issue=3-4 |pages=115–23 |year=1993 |pmid=8505531 |doi=10.1300/J082v24n03_08 }}
 
* Gay husbands and fathers: Reasons for marriage among homosexual men ET Ortiz, PR Scott - Journal of Gay and Lesbian Social Services, 1994
 
 
==External links==
 
*[http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/routledg/csmt/2006/00000021/00000002/art00009 Same-sex attraction in heterosexually partnered men: Reasons, rationales and reflections]
 
 
{{Bisexuality topics}}
 
{{LGBT|state=collapsed}}
 
 
{{DEFAULTSORT:Mixed-Orientation Marriage}}
 
 
[[Category:Bisexuality]]
 
[[Category:Bisexuality]]
 
[[Category:Sexual orientation and society]]
 
[[Category:Sexual orientation and society]]
 
[[Category:LGBT terms]]
 
[[Category:LGBT terms]]
 
[[Category:Types of marriage]]
 
[[Category:Types of marriage]]
 
{{enWP|Mixed-orientation marriage}}
 

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A mixed-orientation marriage is a marriage between partners of differing sexual orientation, one person is heterosexual, homosexual, bisexual or asexual while the other not. The broader term is mixed-orientation relationship and both terms are often shortened to MOM and MOR respectively.

Lavender marriage

A mixed-orientation marriage used to cover up one's sexual orientation, sometimes for purposes of career advancement, is called a lavender marriage.

The heterosexual companion is often called a beard.

Some eprsons cite spiritual reasons for getting married. One married homosexual ma said his "spirited identity" has always been "marriage and family".

The New York Times reported "On the whole these are not marriages of convenience or cynical efforts to create cover. Gay and bisexual men continue to marry for complex reasons, many impelled not only by discrimination, but also by wishful thinking, the layered ambiguites of sexual love and authentic affection.

Gay and bisexual men

A study of 26 gay and bisexual men found that inernalized homophobia is a factor that leads such men into mixed-orientation marriages. Marriages between a homosexual man and a heterosexual woman have a high probability of failure.                                                                                            

Joe Kort, a counselor specializing in mixed-orientation marriage, said "These men genuisely love their wives. They fall in love wih their wives, they have children, they're on a chemical, romantic high, and then after aout seven years, the high falls away and their gay identity starts emerging. They don't mean any harm. While many hide their orientation from their spouse, others tell thier spouse before marriage. It is also possible taht someone was exclusively heterosexual in behavior and fantasies before marriage, but grew toward a more homosexual orientation during marriage.

Heterosexual women

One study states that heterosexual women in mixed-orientation marriages may be attracted to homosexual men and proceed to marry them. Kort said "straigh individuals rarely marry gay people accidentally." He theorized that some heterosexual women find homosexual men less judgmental and more felxible, while others unconsciously seek partnerships that are not sexually passionate.

Communication

Heterosexual wives of homosexual men who did nt knw of their husband's sexual orientation may feel deceived or blame themselves for not having known. Fear of encountering social disapproval or ostracism often makes i difficult for them to seek support form family and friends. Findings suggest that heterosexual wives struggled less with the homosexuality itself than with problemes of isolation, stigma, loss, cognitive confuion and dissonance and lack of knowledgeable, empathic support or help in problem solving.

Possible risks

Heterosexual wives often feel they are not feminine enough, while heterosexual husbands feel they are not masculine enough. In the particular case of a heterosexual-homosexual marriage, the heterosexual spouse may feel sexually inadequate.

Sexual relationship disorder

If a change in sexual orientation after a periode stability in sexual orientation causes anxiety or depression, escially if the person is involves in a relationship, the person may have a sexual maturation disorder.

A perso who is either in a mixed-orientation marriage or wishes to enter into one may go to therapy or support to deal with issues in that type of marriage. A significant number of men and women experince conflict surronding homosexual expression within marriage. Although a strong homosexual indetity was associated with difficulties in martial satisfcation, viewing thesame-sex activities as complusive facilitated commitment to the marriage and to monogamy. Research by Coleman suggest that some develop a ways of incorporating same-sex and opposite-sex feelings into life partterns. Peers provide the most support, while therapists ate often unfamiliar with sexual orientation, mixed orientation couples, or societal attitudes that impact mixed orientation families.

Approximately one third of marriges end immediately when the bisexual or homosexual spouse his or her sexual orinetation, whereas another third end after a short period of time. The remaing thrid attempt to continue the marrige successfully. In this case, the most succesful marriages reassess their relatonship in light of the sexual orientation.

Some bisexual men express with minimal conflict their homosexual and heterosexual impluses within the framework of a mixed-orientation marriage, with openness and commnication, being a key factor.

Divorce

Divorce is one possible resolution for the homosexual partner, potentially with re-marrige to person of the same sex. Gay and lesbian people who come out late in life may have children from aprevious heterosexual marriage.

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