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Military psychology

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For the journal, see Military Psychology

Military psychology is a particular sub discipline of psychology focusing on the application of the science in the armed forces. Military psychology's aim, is to understand:

  • the psychological factors influencing military decision making
  • the role of group cohesion in military units
  • why some soldiers succeed in a miliary environment and why others fail.

See also

References & Bibliography

Key texts


  • Budd, F. C., & Kennedy, C. H. (2006). Introduction to Clinical Military Psychology. New York, NY: Guilford Press.
  • Cronin, C. J. (1998). Military psychology: An introduction. New York, NY: Simon & Schuster.
  • Dixon, N.F.& Dixon, M. (1994) On The Psychology Of Military Incompetence. Pimlico ISBN: 0712658890
  • Gade, P. A., & Drucker, A. J. (2000). A history of Division 19 (Military Psychology). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
  • Gal, R., & Mangelsdorff, A. D. (1991). Handbook of military psychology. Oxford, England: John Wiley & Sons.
  • Gossman, D. (1996). On Killing: The Psychological Cost of Learning to Kill in War and Society. Back bay books ISBN:0316230000
  • Kennedy, C. H., & McNeil, J. A. (2006). A History of Military Psychology. New York, NY: Guilford Press.
  • Kennedy, C. H., & Zillmer, E. A. (2006). Military psychology: Clinical and operational applications. New York, NY: Guilford Press.
  • Mangelsdorff, A. D. (1999). Cronin's "Military Psychology: An Introduction" A
  • Morgillo-Freeman, S., Moore, B. A., & Freeman, A. (2009). Living and Surviving in Harm's Way: A Psychological Treatment Handbook for Pre-and Post-Deployment of Military Personnel. New York, NY: Routledge


  • Military Psychology: a Comparative Image. (1968). American Psychologist Vol 23(2) Feb 1968, 112-121.
  • Allen, J. P., Chatelier, P., Clark, H. J., & Sorenson, R. (1982). Behavioral science in the military: Research trends for the eighties: Professional Psychology Vol 13(6) Dec 1982, 918-929.
  • Amir, Y., Kovarsky, Y., & Sharan, S. (1970). Peer nomiations as a predictor of multistage promotions in a ramified organization: Journal of Applied Psychology Vol 54(5) Oct 1970, 462-469.
  • Benjamin, L. T., Jr., McKay, C. L., Osborn, W. C., & Prophet, W. W. (2002). Meredith P. Crawford (1910-2002): American Psychologist Vol 57(11) Nov 2002, 980-982.
  • Berger, S. M. (1967). Social Structure and Mediated Learning: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology Vol 7(1, Pt 1) Sep 1967, 104-108.
  • Berkowitz, L., & Lepage, A. (1967). Weapons as Aggression-Eliciting Stimuli: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology Vol 7(2, Pt 1) Oct 1967, 202-207.
  • Burtt, H. E., & Arps, G. F. (1920). Correlation of Army Alpha Intelligence Test with academic grades in high schools and military academies: Journal of Applied Psychology Vol 4(4) Dec 1920, 289-293.
  • Chappelle, W., & Lumley, V. (2006). Outpatient mental health care at a remote U.S. air base in Southern Iraq: Professional Psychology: Research and Practice Vol 37(5) Oct 2006, 523-530.
  • Clum, G. A., & Hoiberg, A. (1971). Diagnoses as moderators of the relationship between biographical variables and psychiatric decision in a combat zone: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology Vol 37(2) Oct 1971, 209-214.
  • Cooper, S. E. (2002). Foreword: Perspectives and reactions to the principles for education and training in organizational consulting psychology: Consulting Psychology Journal: Practice and Research Vol 54(4) Fal 2002, 211-212.
  • Crawford, M. P. (1970). Military psychology and general psychology: American Psychologist Vol 25(4) Apr 1970, 328-336.
  • Darwin, J. L., & Reich, K. I. (2006). Reaching out to the families of those who serve: The SOFAR project: Professional Psychology: Research and Practice Vol 37(5) Oct 2006, 481-484.
  • Driskell, J. E., & Olmstead, B. (1989). Psychology and the military: Research applications and trends: American Psychologist Vol 44(1) Jan 1989, 43-54.
  • Eber, H. W. (1968). Relation of Age, Education, and Personality Characteristics to Military Rank in an Army Reserve Unit: Journal of Counseling Psychology Vol 15(1) Jan 1968, 89-90.
  • Gunderson, E. K., & Arthur, R. J. (1969). Brief mental health index: Journal of Abnormal Psychology Vol 74(1) Feb 1969, 100-104.
  • Hansen-Schwartz, J., Jessen, G., Andersen, K., & Jorgensen, H. O. (2002). Suicide after deployment in UN peacekeeping missions--A Danish pilot study: Crisis: The Journal of Crisis Intervention and Suicide Prevention Vol 23(2) 2002, 55-58.
  • Janis, I. L., & Rausch, C. N. (1970). Selective interest in communications that could arouse decisional conflict: A field study of participants in the draft-resistance movement: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology Vol 14(1) Jan 1970, 46-54.
  • Jeffrey, T. B., Rankin, R. J., & Jeffrey, L. K. (1992). In service of two masters: The ethical-legal dilemma faced by military psychologists: Professional Psychology: Research and Practice Vol 23(2) Apr 1992, 91-95.
  • Johnson, W. B. (2002). Consulting in the military context. Implications of the revised training principles: Consulting Psychology Journal: Practice and Research Vol 54(4) Fal 2002, 233-241.
  • Kelley, C. R. (1971). In defense of military psychology: American Psychologist Vol 26(5) May 1971, 514-515.
  • Krueger, G. P. (2006). Robert Stanton Nichols (1929-2005): American Psychologist Vol 61(9) Dec 2006, 1024.
  • Leuba, C. (1971). Military are essential: American Psychologist Vol 26(5) May 1971, 515.
  • Luria, S. M. (1990). More about psychology and the military: American Psychologist Vol 45(2) Feb 1990, 296-297.
  • Macarthur, D. M. (1968). Current Emphasis on the Department of Defense's Social and Behavioral Sciences Program: American Psychologist Vol 23(2) Feb 1968, 104-107.
  • Mitchell, V. F. (1970). Need satisfactions of military commanders and staff: Journal of Applied Psychology Vol 54(3) Jun 1970, 282-287.
  • Murray, B. (2004). Castles in the air: Civilian trainee experiences with the RAF: Psychiatric Bulletin Vol 28(4) Apr 2004, 145-146.
  • Navran, L., & Kendall, L. M. (1971). A canonical correlational analysis of the Strong Vocational Interest Blank, the Holland Vocational Preference Inventory, and the Edwards Personal Preference Schedule: Journal of Counseling Psychology Vol 18(6) Nov 1971, 514-519.
  • No authorship, i. (2003). Award for Distinguished Professional Contributions to Practice in the Public Sector: American Psychologist Vol 58(11) Nov 2003, 975-977.
  • Notz, W. W., Staw, B. M., & Cook, T. D. (1971). Attitude toward troop withdrawal from Indochina as a function of draft number: Dissonance or self-interest? : Journal of Personality and Social Psychology Vol 20(1) Oct 1971, 118-126.
  • Pastore, N. (1975). In defense of Walter Lippmann: American Psychologist Vol 30(9) Sep 1975, 940-942.
  • Pickren, W. (2003). James Grier Miller (1916-2002): American Psychologist Vol 58(9) Sep 2003, 760.
  • Saks, M. J. (1970). On Meredith Crawford's "Military psychology..." American Psychologist Vol 25(9) Sep 1970, 876.
  • Sammons, M. T. (2005). Psychology in the public sector: Addressing the psychological effects of combat in the U.S. Navy: American Psychologist Vol 60(8) Nov 2005, 899-909.
  • Sawamura, T., Shimizu, K., Masaki, Y., Kobayashi, N., Sugawara, M., Tsunoda, T., et al. (2008). Mental health in Japanese members of the United Nations peacekeeping contingent in the Golan Heights: Effects of deployment and the Middle East situation: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry Vol 78(1) Jan 2008, 85-92.
  • Shechner, T., Slone, M., & Bialik, G. (2007). Does political ideology moderate stress: The special case of soldiers conducting forced evacuation: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry Vol 77(2) Apr 2007, 189-198.
  • Shuriquie, N. (2003). Military psychiatry - A Jordanian experience: Psychiatric Bulletin Vol 27(10) Oct 2003, 386-388.
  • Simonton, D. K. (1980). Land battles, generals, and armies: Individual and situational determinants of victory and casualties: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology Vol 38(1) Jan 1980, 110-119.
  • Sperling, P. I. (1968). A New Direction for Military Psychology: Political Psychology: American Psychologist Vol 23(2) Feb 1968, 97-103.
  • Staal, M. A., & King, R. E. (2000). Managing a multiple relationship environment: The ethics of military psychology: Professional Psychology: Research and Practice Vol 31(6) Dec 2000, 698-705.
  • Stanczak, D. E., Bolter, J. F., & Bernard, J. L. (1982). Practicing clinical psychology under the Uniform Code of Military Justice: Professional Psychology Vol 13(5) Oct 1982, 728-735.
  • Steiner, I. D., & Darroch, R. K. (1969). Relationship between the quality of counterattitudinal performance and attitude change: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology Vol 11(4) Apr 1969, 312-320.
  • Streufert, S., & Streufert, S. C. (1970). Effects of increasing failure and success on military and economic risk taking: Journal of Applied Psychology Vol 54(5) Oct 1970, 393-400.
  • Sulsky, L. M. (2002). Research in industrial and organisational psychology in the Canadian forces: Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science/Revue canadienne des sciences du comportement Vol 34(2) Apr 2002, 69-70.
  • Weiss, W. U., & Waldrop, R. S. (1972). Some characteristics of individuals who remain in an institution for the aged: Developmental Psychology Vol 6(1) Jan 1972, 182.


Additional material



External links

APA Division 19 - Society for Military Psychology Website for Military Psychology (journal)

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Military psychology: Academic support materials

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