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Michel Jouvet (born November 16, 1925 in the Franche-Comté Region of France) is Emeritus Professor of Experimental Medicine at the University of Lyon. He spent one year in the laboratory of the Pr Magoun in Long Beach, California in 1955. Since this date, he undertakes research of Experimental Neurophysiology in the Faculty of Medicine of Lyon and of Clinical Neurophysiology in the Neurological Hospital of Lyon. Experimental Medicine Professor at the University of LYON 1, he was the Director ot the Research Unit INSERM U 52 (Molecular Onirology) and of the Associated Unit UA 1195 of the CNRS (states of vigilance Neurobiology).
He was elected in 1977 to the French Academy of Sciences and has received the Intra-Sciences Prize in the United States in 1981 and the Prize of the Foundation for the Medical Research in 1983. In 1991 he was awarded the prestigious Prix mondial Cino Del Duca. His works, and those of his team, have brought about the discovery of Paradoxical Sleep and to its individualisation as the third state of functioning of the brain in 1959, to the discovery of its phylogenesis, of its ontogenesis and its main mechanisms.
In 1959 Michel Jouvet conducted several experements on cats regarding muscle atonia (paralysis) during REM sleep. Jouvet demonstrated that the generation of REM sleep depends on an intact pontine tegmentum and that REM atonia is due to an inhibition of motor centres in the medulla oblongata. Cats with lesions around the locus pericoeruleus have less restricted muscle movement during REM sleep, and show a variety of complex behaviours including motor patterns suggesting that they are dreaming of attack, defence and exploration.
- Jouvet, M. (1967) The sleeping brain, In: Scientific American Offprints, San Francisco: W.H. Freeman
- Jouvet, M. (1972) The role of monoamines and acetylcholine-containing neurons in the regulation of the sleep-waking cycle, Ergebnisse der Psychologie 64: 166-307.
- Information on Michel Jouvet, with more extensive bibliography links
- Lots of information on dreams, with a section involving Michel Jouvet
- it:Michel Jouvet