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Mesencephalic nucleus of trigeminal nerve

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Brain: Mesencephalic nucleus of trigeminal nerve
Gray696
The cranial nerve nuclei schematically represented; dorsal view. Motor nuclei in red; sensory in blue. (Trigeminal nerve nuclei are at "V".)
[[Image:|250px|center|]]
Latin nucleus mesencephalicus nervi trigemini
Gray's subject #187 787
Part of
Components
Artery
Vein
BrainInfo/UW hier-550
MeSH A08.186.211.132.931

The mesencephalic nucleus is involved with proprioception, that is, the feeling of position of the muscles. Unlike many nuclei within the CNS, the mesencephalic nucleus contains no chemical synapses but are electrically coupled (Baker and Llinas1971). Instead, neurons of this nucleus are pseudounipolar cells receiving proprioceptive information from the jaw, and sending projections to the motor trigeminal nucleus to mediate monosynaptic jaw jerk reflex.

Baker, R.G. and Llinas, R. Electrotonic coupling between neurones in the rat mesencephalic nucleus. J. Physiology 212: 45-63, 1971.

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Mesencephalon (midbrain)

cerebral peduncle: midbrain tegmentum (periaqueductal gray, ventral tegmentum, nucleus raphe dorsalis), pretectum, substantia nigra, red nucleus, pedunculopontine nucleus, medial longitudinal fasciculus, medial lemniscus, rubrospinal tract, lateral lemniscus

tectum: corpora quadrigemina, inferior colliculi, superior colliculi

cerebral aqueduct: oculomotor nucleus, trochlear nucleus, Edinger-Westphal nucleus

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