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World Psychology: Psychology by Country · Psychology of Displaced Persons


In Philippine Culture, Loob or Kalooban refers to one's inner self, or, more specifically, to the internal dimension of a person's identity. It's external counterpart is labas - the physical, outward appearance.[1] Loob is a core concept in Filipino Psychology, a field which is unthinkable without both the internal and external dimensions, "loob/labas".[2]

Loob or kalooban has been compared to similar concepts in other Southeast Asian and Oceanian cultures, such as the Indonesian concept of batin or kebatinan.[1]

Concepts whose expression involves "loob" Edit

As a core concept of value, Loob and its variants are a critical aspect of numerous Filipino value constructs, of which the following are examples[3]:

  • Utang na loob - a debt of gratitude
    • also May utang na loob a good person because that person understands what it means to owe a debt of gratitude
    • also Nakikingutang ng loob, to seek a favor from someone
  • Ipagkaloob - to entrust
  • lagay ng loob - mood, one's state of mind or feeling
  • lakas-loob - courage
  • tibay ng loob - inner strength
  • tining ng loob - clarity of thinking, feeling, volition
  • kababaang loob - humility, literally "lowness of the inside"
  • kabutihang-loob - good naturedness
  • kagandahang loob - generosity, noblemindedness
  • may kusang-loob - one who does his work without prodding
  • payapang loob - a peaceful, calm person
  • mapagkaloob - a generous person
  • mahina ang loob - a coward
  • malakas ang loob - a daring person
  • malamig ang loob - an indifferent person
  • pikit ang loob - one who is blind to injustice
  • mabigat ang loob - the state of being sad, heavy-hearted
  • maluwag sa loob - one's experience of a state of being willing, cheerfully ready, literally to feel "loose/open on the inside"
  • wala sa loob - a state of being unwilling, literally to "not have it in oneself"
  • tapat na kalooban - the state of having a sincere inner being
  • masasamang-loob - criminals, literally, "those with bad inner beings"
  • kapalagayang loob - confidante, intimate
  • pampalubag-loob - consolation
  • kagaanang-loob - something to pacify intense emotion such as anger

The word loob, simply taken as "inside" and not a construct, is also used for "looban," which means an interior compound, or community; and for the term "manloloob", which means "robber," literally "someone who enters."

See also Edit

Sources Edit

  1. 1.0 1.1 Mercado, Leonardo N. (September 1994). [ttp://www.crvp.org/book/Series03/III-8/contents.htm The Filipino Mind: Philippine Philosophical Studies II (Cultural Heritage and Contemporary Change Series III Asia)], 226 pages, Washington, D.C.: Council for Research in Values and Philosophy.
  2. de Guia, Katrin (2005). Kapwa: The Self in the Other: Worldviews and Lifestyles of Filipino Culture-Bearers, 378, Pasig City: Anvil Publishing, Inc..
  3. Enriquez, Virgilio (1992). "Unit 15 - Kaugalian, Halagahin, at Pagkatao (Customs, Values & Character)" From Colonial To Liberation Psychology: The Philippine Experience, Quezon City, Philippines: University of the Philippines Press. URL accessed February 5, 2008.

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