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Local enhancement

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Local enhancement refers to a type of social learning where an individual is drawn to a certain location because that individual observed another individual in that location.

See alsoEdit

References & BibliographyEdit

Key textsEdit


  • Thorpe, W.H. (1956). Learning and instinct in animals. London: Methuen
  • Thorpe, W.H. (1963). Learning and instinct in animals (2nd ed.). London: Methuen


Additional materialEdit



  • Buckley, N.J. (1996). Food finding and the influence of information, local enhancement, and communal roosting on foraging success of North American vultures. The Auk, 113, 473-488. Full text
  • Flemming, S.P., Smith, P.C., Seymour, N.R., & Bancroft, R.P. (1992). Ospreys use local enhancement and flock foraging to locate prey. The Auk, 109, 649-654. Full text
  • Heyes, C.M., Ray, E.D., Mitchell, C.J., & Nokes, T. (2000). Stimulus enhancement: Controls for social facilitation and local enhancement. Learning and Motivation, Vol. 31, 83-98. Full text

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