Individual differences |
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The World Health Organization has traditionally classified death according to the primary type of disease or injury. However, causes of death may also be classified in terms of preventable risk factors—such as smoking, unhealthy diet, and sexual behavior—which contribute to a number of different diseases. Such risk factors are usually not recorded directly on death certificates.
Leading causes worldwideEdit
Leading causes of preventable death worldwide as of the year 2001.
|Cause||Number of deaths resulting (millions per year)|
|Sexually transmitted diseases||3.0|
|Overweight and obesity||2.5|
|Indoor air pollution from solid fuels||1.8|
|Unsafe water and poor sanitation||1.6|
Leading causes in the United StatesEdit
|Cause||Number||Percent of total||Notes|
|Being overweight and obesity||111,909||4.6%||There was considerable debate about the differences in the numbers of obesity-related diseases. The numbers reported in the referenced article have been found to be the most accurate.|
|Toxic agents including toxins, particulates and radon||55,000||2.3%|
|Preventable medical errors in hospitals||44,000 to 98,000||Estimates vary, significant numbers of preventable deaths also result from errors outside of hospitals.|
|Firearms deaths||29,000||1.2%||Suicide: 16,586; homicide: 10,801; Accidents: 776; Legal intervention: 270; Unknown: 230|
|Sexually transmitted infections||20,000||0.8%|
Leading causes among children worldwideEdit
|Cause||Number of deaths resulting|
260,000 per year
175,000 per year
96,000 per year
47,000 per year
45,000 per year
- List of causes of death by rate
- Physical trauma#Common causes
- Preventive medicine
- Public health
- ↑ (2002)Preventable causes of death in North Carolina. N C Med J 63 (4): 196.
- ↑ Lopez AD, Mathers CD, Ezzati M, Jamison DT, Murray CJ (May 2006). Global and regional burden of disease and risk factors, 2001: systematic analysis of population health data. Lancet 367 (9524): 1747–57.
- ↑ 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.7 3.8 Mokdad AH, Marks JS, Stroup DF, Gerberding JL (March 2004). Actual causes of death in the United States, 2000. JAMA 291 (10): 1238–45.
- ↑ Harvard School of Public Health, 2009 press releases
- ↑ 5.0 5.1 National Vital Statistics Report, Vol. 50, No. 15, September 16, 2002 as compiled at 
- ↑ Flegal, K.M., B.I. Graubard, D.F. Williamson, and M.H. Gail. (2005). Obesity. Journal of the American Medical Association 293 (15): 1861–1867.
- ↑ http://www.rti.org/pubs/IssueBrief_1.pdf
- ↑ (2000) To Err is Human—Building a Safer Health System, 312, Washington, D. C.: National Academies Press.
- ↑ 9.0 9.1 includeonly>"BBC NEWS | Special Reports | UN raises child accidents alarm", BBC News, December 10, 2008. Retrieved on May 8, 2010.
Death and dying
Advance directives · Autopsy · Assisted suicide · Brain death · Causes of death by rate ·Clinical death · Death anxiety · Death instinct · Euthanasia · Palliative care · Persistent vegetative state · Suicide · Terminal illness · Witholding treatment
Concept of death and adjustment · Death attitudes · Death attitudes in childhood · Death education · Death penalty · Immortality · Infant mortality · Maternal death · Mortality rate · Terminally ill patients ·
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