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John Ridley Stroop (March 21, 1897-September 1, 1973) was an American psychologist.
Stroop was born in Rutherford County, Tennessee, USA. He developed a color-word task , named after him and demonstrated the (the Stroop effect), in which there is interference in the reaction time of the task due to the interplay between visual and semantic information.
- Stroop, J.R. (1935) Studies of interference in serial verbal reactions, Journal of Experimental Psychology. Full text
- Colin M. MacLeod, John Ridley Stroop: Creator of a Landmark Cognitive Task. Biography of John Ridley Stroop.
- Arthur R. Jensen, "Citation Classic - The Stroop color-word test - a review", Citation Classic Commentaries, Number 39, 1981 September 28
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