Jeffrey Alan Gray
(1934-2004) was a British psychologist. He was born in the east end of London. His father was a tailor, but died when Jeffrey was only seven. His mother, who ran a haberdasher’s shop, brought him up alone.
Following military service (1952-54), he took up a MacKinnon scholarship at Magdalen College, Oxford, with a place to read law. In the event he negotiated a switch to modern languages, obtaining a first in French and Spanish. He stayed on to take a second BA, this time in psychology and philosophy, which he completed in 1959.
In 1959-60 he trained as a clinical psychologist at the institute of Psychiatry, in London, after which he stayed on to study for a PhD in the department of psychology, at that time headed by Hans Eysenck. His PhD was awarded in 1964, for a study of environmental, genetic and hormonal influences on emotional behaviour in animals.
He then took up an appointment as a university lectureship in experimental psychology at Oxford. He remained at Oxford until succeeding Eysenck at the Institute of Psychiatry in 1983. He retired from the chair of psychology in 1999, but continued his experimental research as an emeritus professor, and spent a productive year at the Centre for Advanced Studies at Stanford University, California.
- Gray, J A (1964) Pavlov's Typology. Elsevier ISBN 0080100767
- Gray, J. A. (1982). The neuropsychology of anxiety: An enquiry into the functions of
the septo-hippocampal system. Oxford: Clarendon Press/Oxford University Press.
- Gray, J. A. (1987). The Psychology of Fear and Stress (2nd ed.). Cambridge:
Cambridge University Press.
- Gray, J. A. (1981). A critique of Eysenck's theory of personality. In H. J. Eysenck (Ed.), A model for personality (pp. 246-276). New York: Springer.
- Gray, J. A. (1994). Framework for a taxonomy of psychiatric disorder. In S. H. M. van Goozen, & Van de Poll,Nanne E. (Eds.), Emotions: Essays on emotion theory. (pp. 29-59). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc.
- Gray, J. A. (1994a). Personality dimensions and emotion systems. In P. Ekman & R.J. Davidson (Eds.), The nature of emotion: Fundamental questions (pp. 329–331). New York: Oxford University Press.
- Gray, J. A. (1994b). Three fundamental emotion systems. In P. Ekman & R. J.
Davidson (Eds.), The nature of emotion: Fundamental questions (pp. 243–247). New York: Oxford University Press.
- Gray, J. A. (1964). Relation between stimulus intensity and operant response rate as a function of discrimination training and drive. Journal of Experimental Psychology, 69(1), 9-24.
- Gray, J. A. (1970). The psychophysiological basis of introversion-extraversion. Behaviour Research & Therapy, Vol. 8(3), 249-266.
- Gray, J.A. (1985) A whole and its parts: behaviour, the brain, cognition and emotion, Bulletin of the British Psychological Society 38: 99-112.
- Gray, J. A. (1990). Brain systems that mediate both emotion and cognition. Cognition & Emotion, 4(3), 269-288.