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Conservation status: Near threatened
| File:Japanese Quail.jpg|
| Coturnix japonica|
Temminck & Schlegel, 1849
The Japanese quail, also known as coturnix quail, Coturnix japonica, is a species of Old World quail found in East Asia. They are a migratory species of quali, breeding in Manchuria, southeastern Siberia, northern Japan, and the Korean Peninsula, and wintering in the south of Japan and southern China. They dwell in grasslands and cultivated fields. The plumage of the pharaoh Japanese quail breed is a speckled yellow-brown, with a creamy white strip above the eye. Adults are about 20cm in length. The species is abundant across most of its range. Currently there are a few true breeding mutations of the Japanese quail, the breeds from the United States are: Texas A&M, English White, Golden Range, Red Range, Italian, Manchurian, Tibetan, Rosetta, Scarlett, Roux Dilute and Golden Tuxedo.
Japanese quail have been reared in India and Southeast Asia for their meat and eggs. The species is seen as a good "dual-purpose bird". In India, Krishi Vigyan Kendra Kannur under Kerala Agricultural University has produced video album containing songs and visuals on Japanese quail production under Creative Extension series.
See also Edit
- BirdLife International (2004). Coturnix japonica. 2006 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN 2006. Retrieved on 13 January 2007.
Database entry includes justification for why this species is of least concern
- Lee, Woo-Shin; Tae-Hoe Koo, Jin-Young Park; translated by Desmond Allen (2000). A field guide to the birds of Korea, Seoul: LG Evergreen Foundation.
- BirdLife Species Factsheet
- Slovak Commission for Research and Peaceful Uses of Space, with details on Ivan Bella's quail experiments on Mir, including photo of zero-gravity chick