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Name of Symptom/Sign:
Irritability
[[Image:{{{Image}}}|190px|center|]]
ICD-10 R45.4
ICD-O: {{{ICDO}}}
ICD-9
OMIM {{{OMIM}}}
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Irritability is an excessive response to stimuli. It may be viewed as both an emotional state and a personality trait

The term irritability is both used for the physiological reaction to stimuli and for the psychological, abnormal or excessive sensitivity to stimuli.

Irritability may manifest in behavioural responses to both physiological as well as behavioural stimuli - the latter including areas of environmental, situational, sociological, and emotional stimulus.

Causes

Irritability can result from conditions such as:

Irritability in infants

[[Irritability in children

Irritability in older adults

Assessment

Treatment

See also

Bibliography

Books

  • Davies, W. (2000). Overcoming anger and irritability: A self-help guide using cognitive behavioral techniques. New York, NY: New York University Press.
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  • van den Boom, D. C. (1989). Neonatal irritability and the development of attachment. Oxford, England: John Wiley & Sons.
  • van den Boom, D. C. (1991). The influence of infant irritability on the development of the mother-infant relationship in the first 6 months of life. Westport, CT: Ablex Publishing.


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Dissertations

  • Born, L., & Steiner, M. (1999). Irritability: The forgotten dimension of female-specific mood disorders: Archives of Women's Mental Health Vol 2(4) 1999, 153-167.
  • Born, L. E. (2004). A new gender-specific measure of irritability. Dissertation Abstracts International: Section B: The Sciences and Engineering.
  • Dull, M. W. (1998). Irritability and British fiction, 1814-1837. Dissertation Abstracts International Section A: Humanities and Social Sciences.
  • Esman, F. B. (1993). An examination of adolescent life event stressors and their relationship with depression, anxiety, and irritability: Dissertation Abstracts International.
  • Greenwald, R. L. (1990). Abusive parenting: A discipline-mediated model: Dissertation Abstracts International.
  • Guttman, D. A. (1995). Clinical significance of type of mood disturbance. Dissertation Abstracts International: Section B: The Sciences and Engineering.
  • Hunsley, M. S. (2001). Early development of behavioral and emotional regulation in irritable infants as expressed in sleep, temperament and crying rhythms. Dissertation Abstracts International: Section B: The Sciences and Engineering.
  • Novosad, C. L. (2000). Temperament in infancy and childhood: Stability, relationships with sleep/wake characteristics, and differences as a function of an intervention for irritable infants. Dissertation Abstracts International: Section B: The Sciences and Engineering.
  • Russell, D. M. (2001). Rehabilitating individuals with serious brain injuries: Personality characteristics and the experience of loss. Dissertation Abstracts International: Section B: The Sciences and Engineering.
  • Salisbury, A. L. (2001). Sleep and cry behavior in excessively crying infants: A systems perspective. Dissertation Abstracts International: Section B: The Sciences and Engineering.
  • Sandoval, R. D. (1994). Retrospective assessment of attention-deficit hyperactivity, conduct, and affective symptoms in fathers of clinic-referred children. Dissertation Abstracts International: Section B: The Sciences and Engineering.
  • Schuler, M. E. T. (1993). Determinants of mother-infant interaction: The effects of prenatal drug exposure, social support, and infant temperament: Dissertation Abstracts International.


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