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{{Certain conditions originating in the perinatal period}}
 
{{Certain conditions originating in the perinatal period}}
   
[[Pre and perinatal psychology]]
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[[category:Obstetrical complications]]
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[[Category:Pre and perinatal psychology]]
 
[[Category:Pulmonology]]
 
[[Category:Pulmonology]]
 
[[Category:Respiratory and cardiovascular disorders specific to the perinatal period]]
 
[[Category:Respiratory and cardiovascular disorders specific to the perinatal period]]

Latest revision as of 08:55, January 6, 2010

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Intrauterine hypoxia
ICD-10 P20, P21 (birth asphyxia)
ICD-9 168
OMIM [1]
DiseasesDB 1416
MedlinePlus [2]
eMedicine /
MeSH {{{MeshNumber}}}

Intrauterine hypoxia (IH, sometimes called birth asphyxia) is an unchallenged cause of perinatal death. It is an obstetrical complication sometimes associated with fetal distress and giving rise to birth trauma.

The perinatal brain injury occurring as a result of birth asphyxia, manifesting with-in 48 hours of birth, is a form of hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy. It is associated long term neurological deficit including cerebral palsy. Prognosis depends on the severity of brain damage of which the encephalopathy is a manifestation.

Treatment of infants suffering birth asphyxia by cooling is now known to be an effective therapy to reduce mortality and improve neurological outcome in survivors, and hypothermia therapy for neonatal encephalopathy begun within 6 hours of birth significantly increases the chance of normal survival in affected infants.

EpidemiologyEdit

File:Birth asphyxia and birth trauma world map - DALY - WHO2002.svg
Disability-adjusted life year for birth asphyxia and birth trauma per 100,000 inhabitants in 2002.[1]
██ no data ██ less than 150 ██ 150-300 ██ 300-450 ██ 450-600 ██ 600-750 ██ 750-900 ██ 900-1050 ██ 1050-1200 ██ 1200-1350 ██ 1350-1500 ██ 1500-1750 ██ more than 1750

See alsoEdit


ReferencesEdit

External linksEdit

Template:Certain conditions originating in the perinatal period

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