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Psychoanalysis
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Psychoanalytic theory

ConsciousPreconscious
UnconsciousLibidoDrive
Id, ego, and super-ego
Psychoanalytic interpretation
TransferenceResistance
Psychoanalytic personality factors
Psychosexual development
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Schools of thought

Freudian Psychoanalytic School
Analytical psychology
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Self psychologyLacanian
Neo-Freudian school
Neopsychoanalytic School
Object relations
InterpersonalRelational
The Independent Group
AttachmentEgo psychology

Psychoanalysts

Sigmund FreudCarl Jung
Alfred AdlerAnna Freud
Karen HorneyJacques Lacan
Ronald FairbairnMelanie Klein
Harry Stack Sullivan
Erik EriksonNancy Chodorow

Important works

The Interpretation of Dreams
Four Fundamental Concepts
Beyond the Pleasure Principle

Also

History of psychoanalysis
Psychoanalysts
Psychoanalytic training


The International Psychoanalytical Association (IPA) is an association including 12,000 psychoanalysts as members and works with 70 constituent organizations. It was founded in 1910 by Sigmund Freud, on an idea proposed by Sándor Ferenczi. Its first President was Carl Jung and its first Secretary was Otto Rank.

The IPA is the world’s primary accrediting and regulatory body for psychoanalysis. Its mission is to assure the continued vigour and development of psychoanalysis for the benefit of psychoanalytic patients.

The IPA's aims include creating new psychoanalytic groups, stimulating debate, conducting research, developing training policies and establishing links with other bodies. It organizes a large biennial Congress which is open to all.

File:IPA mark reversed out of blue.jpg

History of IPA Edit

In 1902 Sigmund Freud started to meet every week with colleagues to discuss his work and so Psychological Wednesday Society was born. By 1908 there were 14 regular members and some guests including Max Eitingon, Carl Gustav Jung, Karl Abraham, and Ernest Jones, all future Presidents of the IPA.[1] Society became the Vienna Psychoanalytical Society. In 1907 Jones suggested to Jung that an international meeting should be arranged and Freud welcomed the proposal. Meeting took place in Salzburg, on 27 April 1908 and Jung named it the "First Congress for Freudian Psychology" and it is later reckoned to be the first International Psychoanalytical Congress, even so the IPA had not yet been founded.

IPA was established at the next Congress held at Nuremberg in March 1910.[2] Sigmund Freud considered an international organization to be essential to advance his ideas. In 1914 Freud published a paper entitled The History of the Psychoanalytic Movement.

Regional Organizations of the IPA Edit

There is a Regional Organisation for each of the IPA’s 3 regions (in Europe it is the European Psychoanalytical Federation (or EPF); in Latin America it is the Federation of Psychoanalytic Societies of Latin America (or FEPAL); and in North America it is the North American Psychoanalytic Confederation (or NAPSAC). Each of these three bodies consists of Constituent Organisations and Study Groups that are part of that IPA region. The IPA has a close working relationship with each of these independent organisations and values them highly, but they are not officially or legally part of the IPA.

Allied Centres of the IPA Edit

  • Korean Psychoanalytic Allied Centre
  • Psychoanalysis Studying Center in China
  • Taiwan Center for The Development of Psychoanalysis
  • The Center for Psychoanalytic Studies of Panama

Constituent Organizations of the IPA Edit

The IPA organises itself into three geographical regions:

  • Europe (including Australia, India and Israel)
  • Latin America
  • North America (Canada and the USA, and Japan)

Constituent Organisations

  • Argentine Psychoanalytic Association
  • Argentine Psychoanalytic Society
  • Australian Psychoanalytical Society
  • Belgian Psychoanalytical Society
  • Belgrade Psychoanalytical Society
  • Brasília Psychoanalytic Society
  • Brazilian Psychoanalytic Society of Rio de Janeiro
  • Brazilian Psychoanalytic Society of São Paulo
  • Brazilian Psychoanalytical Society of Porto Alegre
  • Brazilian Psychoanalytical Society of Ribeirão Preto
  • British Psychoanalytic Association
  • British Psychoanalytical Society
  • Buenos Aires Psychoanalytic Association
  • Canadian Psychoanalytic Society
  • Caracas Psychoanalytic Society
  • Chilean Psychoanalytic Association
  • Colombian Psychoanalytic Association
  • Colombian Psychoanalytic Society
  • Cordoba Psychoanalytic Society
  • Czech Psychoanalytical Society
  • Danish Psychoanalytical Society
  • Dutch Psychoanalytical Association
  • Dutch Psychoanalytical Group
  • Dutch Psychoanalytical Society
  • Finnish Psychoanalytical Society
  • French Psychoanalytical Association
  • Freudian Psychoanalytical Society of Colombia
  • German Psychoanalytical Association
  • German Psychoanalytical Society
  • Hellenic Psycho-Analytical Society
  • Hungarian Psychoanalytical Society
  • Indian Psychoanalytical Society
  • Institute for Psychoanalytic Training and Research
  • Israel Psychoanalytic Society
  • Italian Psychoanalytical Association
  • Italian Psychoanalytical Society
  • Japan Psychoanalytic Society
  • Los Angeles Institute and Society for Psychoanalytic Studies
  • Madrid Psychoanalytical Association
  • Mato Grosso do Sul Psychoanalytical Society
  • Mendoza Psychoanalytic Society
  • Mexican Assn for Psychoanalytic Practice, Training & Research
  • Mexican Psychoanalytic Association
  • Monterrey Psychoanalytic Association
  • New York Freudian Society
  • Northwestern Psychoanalytic Society
  • Norwegian Psychoanalytic Society
  • Paris Psychoanalytical Society
  • Pelotas Psychoanalytic Society
  • Peru Psychoanalytic Society
  • Polish Psychoanalytical Society
  • Porto Alegre Psychoanalytical Society
  • Portuguese Psychoanalytical Society
  • Psychoanalytic Center of California
  • Psychoanalytic Institute of Northern California
  • Psychoanalytic Society of Mexico
  • Psychoanalytical Association of The State of Rio De Janeiro
  • Recife Psychoanalytic Society
  • Rio de Janeiro Psychoanalytic Society
  • Rosario Psychoanalytic Association
  • Spanish Psychoanalytical Society
  • Swedish Psychoanalytical Association
  • Swiss Psychoanalytical Society
  • Uruguayan Psychoanalytical Association
  • Venezuelan Psychoanalytic Association
  • Vienna Psychoanalytic Society

Regional Associations of the IPA Edit

  • APsaA

IPA Study Groups Edit

  • Campinas Psychoanalytical Study Group
  • Center for Psychoanalytic Education and Research
  • Croatian Psychoanalytic Study Group
  • Fortaleza Psychoanalytic Group
  • Goiania Psychoanalytic Nucleus
  • Korean Psychoanalytic Study Group
  • Latvia and Estonia Psychoanalytic Study Group
  • Lebanese Association for the Development of Psychoanalysis
  • Minas Gerais Psychoanalytical Study Group
  • Portuguese Nucleus of Psychoanalysis
  • Psychoanalytical Association of Asuncion SG
  • South African Psychoanalytic Association
  • Study Group of Turkey: Psike Istanbul
  • Turkish Psychoanalytical Group
  • Vermont Psychoanalytic Study Group
  • Vilnius Society of Psychoanalysts

Provisional Societies of the IPAEdit

  • Guadalajara Psychoanalytic Association (Provisional Society)
  • Moscow Psychoanalytic Society (Provisional Society)
  • Psychoanalytic Society for Research and Training (Provisional Society)
  • Romanian Society for Psychoanalysis (Provisional Society)
  • Vienna Psychoanalytic Association

International CongressesEdit

The first 23 Congresses of IPA did not have a specific theme.

Number Year City President Theme
1 1908 [[Image:Template:Country flag alias Austria-Hungary|22x20px|Template:Country alias Austria-Hungary]] Salzburg
2 1910 [[Image:Template:Country flag alias German Empire|22x20px|Template:Country alias German Empire]] Nuremberg C. G. Jung
3 1911 [[Image:Template:Country flag alias German Empire|22x20px|Template:Country alias German Empire]] Weimar C. G. Jung
4 1913 [[Image:Template:Country flag alias German Empire|22x20px|Template:Country alias German Empire]] Munich C. G. Jung
5 1918 [[Image:Template:Country flag alias Hungary|22x20px|Template:Country alias Hungary]] Budapest Karl Abraham
6 1920 [[Image:Template:Country flag alias Netherlands|22x20px|Template:Country alias Netherlands]] The Hague Sándor Ferenczi
7 1922 [[Image:Template:Country flag alias Germany|22x20px|Template:Country alias Germany]] Berlin Ernest Jones
8 1924 [[Image:Template:Country flag alias Austria|22x20px|Template:Country alias Austria]] Salzburg Ernest Jones
9 1925 [[Image:Template:Country flag alias Germany|22x20px|Template:Country alias Germany]] Bad Homburg Abraham/Eitingon
10 1927 [[Image:Template:Country flag alias Austria|22x20px|Template:Country alias Austria]] Innsbruck Max Eitingon
11 1929 Flag of the United Kingdom Oxford Max Eitingon
12 1932 [[Image:Template:Country flag alias Germany|22x20px|Template:Country alias Germany]] Wiesbaden Max Eitingon
13 1934 [[Image:Template:Country flag alias Switzerland|22x20px|Template:Country alias Switzerland]] Lucerne Ernest Jones
14 1936 [[Image:Template:Country flag alias Czechoslovakia|22x20px|Template:Country alias Czechoslovakia]] Marienbad Ernest Jones
15 1938 [[Image:Template:Country flag alias France|22x20px|Template:Country alias France]] Paris Ernest Jones
16 1949 [[Image:Template:Country flag alias Switzerland|22x20px|Template:Country alias Switzerland]] Zürich Ernest Jones
17 1951 [[Image:Template:Country flag alias Netherlands|22x20px|Template:Country alias Netherlands]] Amsterdam Leo Bartemeier
18 1953 Flag of the United Kingdom London Heinz Hartmann
19 1955 [[Image:Template:Country flag alias Switzerland|22x20px|Template:Country alias Switzerland]] Geneva Heinz Hartmann
20 1957 [[Image:Template:Country flag alias France|22x20px|Template:Country alias France]] Paris Heinz Hartmann
21 1959 [[Image:Template:Country flag alias Denmark|22x20px|Template:Country alias Denmark]] Copenhagen William H. Gillespie
22 1961 Flag of the United Kingdom Edinburgh William H. Gillespie
23 1963 [[Image:Template:Country flag alias Sweden|22x20px|Template:Country alias Sweden]] Stockholm Maxwell Gitelson
24 1965 [[Image:Template:Country flag alias Netherlands|22x20px|Template:Country alias Netherlands]] Amsterdam Gillespie/Greenacre Psychoanalytic Treatment of the Obsessional Neurosis
25 1967 [[Image:Template:Country flag alias Denmark|22x20px|Template:Country alias Denmark]] Copenhagen P.J. van der Leeuw On Acting Out and its Role in the Psychoanalytic Process
26 1969 [[Image:Template:Country flag alias Italy|22x20px|Template:Country alias Italy]] Rome P.J. van der Leeuw New Developments in Psychoanalysis
27 1971 [[Image:Template:Country flag alias Austria|22x20px|Template:Country alias Austria]] Vienna Leo Rangell The Psychoanalytical Concept of Aggression
28 1973 [[Image:Template:Country flag alias France|22x20px|Template:Country alias France]] Paris Leo Rangell Transference and Hysteria Today
29 1975 Flag of the United Kingdom London Serge Lebovici Changes in Psychoanalytic Practice and Experience
30 1977 [[Image:Template:Country flag alias Israel|22x20px|Template:Country alias Israel]] Jerusalem Serge Lebovici Affects and the Psychoanalytic Situation
31 1979 Flag of the United States New York Edward D. Joseph Clinical Issues in Psychoanalysis
32 1981 [[Image:Template:Country flag alias Finland|22x20px|Template:Country alias Finland]] Helsinki Edward D. Joseph Early Psychic Development as Reflected in the Psychoanalytic Process
33 1983 [[Image:Template:Country flag alias Spain|22x20px|Template:Country alias Spain]] Madrid Adam Limentani The Psychoanalyst at Work
34 1985 [[Image:Template:Country flag alias Germany|22x20px|Template:Country alias Germany]] Hamburg Adam Limentani Identification and its Vicissitudes
35 1987 [[Image:Template:Country flag alias Canada|22x20px|Template:Country alias Canada]] Montreal Robert S. Wallerstein Analysis Terminable and Interminable – 50 Years Later
36 1989 [[Image:Template:Country flag alias Italy|22x20px|Template:Country alias Italy]] Rome Robert S. Wallerstein Common Ground in Psychoanalysis
37 1991 [[Image:Template:Country flag alias Argentina|22x20px|Argentina]] Buenos Aires Joseph Sandler Psychic Change
38 1993 [[Image:Template:Country flag alias Netherlands|22x20px|Template:Country alias Netherlands]] Amsterdam Joseph Sandler The Psychoanalyst’s Mind – From Listening to Interpretation
39 1995 Flag of the United States San Francisco R. Horacio Etchegoyen Psychic Reality – Its Impact on the Analyst and Patient Today
40 1997 [[Image:Template:Country flag alias Spain|22x20px|Template:Country alias Spain]] Barcelona R. Horacio EtchegoyenPsychoanalysis and Sexuality
41 1999 [[Image:Template:Country flag alias Chile|22x20px|Template:Country alias Chile]] Santiago Otto F. Kernberg Affect in Theory and Practice
42 2001 [[Image:Template:Country flag alias France|22x20px|Template:Country alias France]] Nice Otto F. Kernberg Psychoanalysis – Method and Application
43 2004 Flag of the United States New Orleans Daniel Widlöcher Working at the Frontiers
44 2005 [[Image:Template:Country flag alias Brazil|22x20px|Template:Country alias Brazil]] Rio de Janeiro Daniel Widlöcher Trauma: New Developments in Psychoanalysis
45 2007 [[Image:Template:Country flag alias Germany|22x20px|Template:Country alias Germany]] Berlin Cláudio Laks Eizirik Remembering, Repeating and Working Through in Psychoanalysis & Culture Today
46 2009 Flag of the United States Chicago Cláudio Laks Eizirik Psychoanalytic Practice - Convergences and Divergences
47 2011 [[Image:Template:Country flag alias Mexico|22x20px|Template:Country alias Mexico]] Mexico City Charles Hanly Exploring Core Concepts: Sexuality, Dreams and the Unconscious
48 2013 [[Image:Template:Country flag alias Czech Republic|22x20px|Template:Country alias Czech Republic]] Prague Charles Hanly Facing the Pain: Clinical Experience and the Development of Psychoanalytic Knowledge
File:IPA symbol and initials on white.jpg

References Edit

  1. Group portrait: Freud and associates in a photograph taken ca. 1922, Berlin. Sitting (from left to right) : Sigmund Freud, Sándor Ferenczi, Hanns Sachs. Standing (from left to right) : Otto Rank, Karl Abraham, Max Eitingon, Ernest Jones.
  2. How did the IPA begin?

External linksEdit

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