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International Association for the Advancement of Ethnology and Eugenics

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Professional Psychology: Debating Chamber · Psychology Journals · Psychologists


The International Association for the Advancement of Ethnology and Eugenics (IAAEE) was a prominent group in the promotion of eugenics and racial segregation, and the first publisher of Mankind Quarterly. IAAEE was founded in 1959 and has headquarters in Edinburgh, Scotland. They established a branch in the United States through the personal agency of Lord Malcolm Douglas, a member of the British Cliveden Set which supported Adolf Hitler during World War II.

A. James Gregor was a founding director of the IAAEE which was, according to Gregor, established to restore "an intellectual climate in the U.S., and throughout the Western World, which would permit a free and open discussion of racial ... problems" [1]. Gregor would later assert that his association with the organization was based on his concerns about congenital birth defects and the reproduction of the mentally retarded, as opposed to racial matters. Other members included Senator Jesse Helms and the oil billionaires Herbert and Nelson Bunker Hunt.

The IAAEE's main benefactor was Colonel Wickliffe Draper, a segregationist who opposed the Civil Rights Movement of the 1960s and sought to fund research that would provide scientific justification for segregation and revive the concept of racial hygiene which had been discredited as a result of the Nazis. In the 1970s Gregor was criticised for accepting grants from the Pioneer Fund which had been established by Draper to advance his views. IAAEE received $82,000 in grants from the Pioneer Fund between 1971 and 1996.


Psychologist's involvement

In the 1960s, Stanley Porteus served on the Executive Committee of the IAAEE. Henry E. Garrett, professor emeritus of psychology from Columbia University, was president of the IAAEE and one of the editors of Mankind Quarterly. Other key figures included Robert E. Kuttner and Donald A. Swan.

In the controversial book The Bell Curve, authors Charles Murray and Richard J. Herrnstein recommend two books on race and intelligence by three Pioneer Fund recipients: Audrey Shuey, Frank C. J. McGurk, and R. Travis Osborne. McGurk is the main authority they cite to 'prove' that IQ tests are not racially biased. In 1959 McGurk and Shuey became leading members of the IAAEE.

References

Winston A. Science in the service of the far right: Henry E. Garrett, the IAAEE, and the Liberty Lobby - International Association for the Advancement of Ethnology - Experts in the Service of Social Reform: SPSSI, Psychology, and Society, 1936-1996. Journal of Social Issues, Spring, 1998. [2]

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