Psychology Wiki

Holland Codes

34,203pages on
this wiki
Add New Page
Talk0 Share

Assessment | Biopsychology | Comparative | Cognitive | Developmental | Language | Individual differences | Personality | Philosophy | Social |
Methods | Statistics | Clinical | Educational | Industrial | Professional items | World psychology |

Industrial & Organisational : Introduction : Personnel : Organizational psychology : Occupations: Work environment: Index : Outline

Holland Codes are career types created by psychologist John L. Holland.

Holland mapped these types into a hexagon which he then broke down into the RIASEC job environments :

Holland hexigon
  • Realistic - practical, physical, hands-on, tool-oriented
  • Investigative - analytical, intellectual, scientific
  • Artistic - creative, original, independent, chaotic
  • Social - cooperative, supporting, helping, healing/nurturing
  • Enterprising - competitive environments, leadership, persuading
  • Conventional - detail-oriented, organizing, clerical

Holland argues that 2-3 types dominate in each person.


Working with your hands and things, practical, mechanically inclined, physical, tool-oriented:


Working with theory and information, analytical, intellectual, scientific:


Non-conforming, original, independent, chaotic, creative:


Cooperative environments, supporting, helping, healing/nurturing:


Competitive environments, leading, persuading, selling, dominating, promoting, status:


Precise, perfect attention to detail, orderly, organizing, status:

See alsoEdit

References Edit

  • Holland, John. L. (1997). Making Vocational Choices: A Theory of Vocational Personalities and Work Environments, Psychological Assessment Resources Inc.
  • Holland, John. L. (1996). Dictionary of Holland Occupational Codes, Psychological Assessment Resources Inc.

External linksEdit


College and university career centers:

Ad blocker interference detected!

Wikia is a free-to-use site that makes money from advertising. We have a modified experience for viewers using ad blockers

Wikia is not accessible if you’ve made further modifications. Remove the custom ad blocker rule(s) and the page will load as expected.

Also on Fandom

Random Wiki