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Hanna Damasio (* 24 September 1942 in Lisbon) is University Professor (an award based on multi-disciplinary interests and significant accomplishments in several disciplines), Dana Dornsife Chair in Neuroscience, and Professor of Psychology and Neurology at the University of Southern California where she directs the Dornsife Neuroimaging Center.” She is also an adjunct professor at the Salk Institute in La Jolla, California. Until 2005, she was a Distinguished Professor of Neurology at the University of Iowa College of Medicine, where she directed the Human Neuroanatomy and Neuroimaging Laboratory.
Using computerized tomography and magnetic resonance scanning, she developed methods of investigating human brain structure and studied functions such as language, memory, and emotion, using both the lesion method and functional neuroimaging. This work resulted in numerous scientific articles which appeared in leading journals. In 1989, she published "Lesion Analysis in Neuropsychology" (Oxford University Press), a classic textbook for which she received the Prize for Outstanding Book of the Year in Bio and Medical Sciences from the Association of American Publishers. Her continued interest in human neuroanatomy led her to develop the first atlas of the human brain based on computer tomography images: "Human Brain Anatomy in Computerized Images", also published by Oxford University Press. The book is a recognized reference now in its second edition.
Damasio received an M.D. from the University of Lisbon Medical School in 1969, where she also trained in Neurology. She began her studies in cognitive neuroscience with Norman Geschwind at the Aphasia Research Center, in Boston.
She is a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences and of the American Neurological Association. In 2004, she shared the Signoret Prize in cognitive neuroscience for pioneering work in social cognition. In 2010 she was a co-recipient of the Cozzarelli Prize from the National Academy of Sciences, attributed to the best article in behavioral neuroscience published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences in 2009. She holds honorary doctorates from the Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (Swiss Institute of Technology), the Universitat Oberta de Catalunya (Barcelona), and the Universities of Lisbon and Aachen. She is married to Antonio Damasio, an internationally-renowned neurologist and expert in the relationship between emotion and cognition, with whom she co-directs the Brain and Creativity Institute at the University of Southern California.
In her rare spare time she is a sculptor.
Selected Books and Articles Edit
- Damasio H: Human Brain Anatomy in Computerized Images, 2nd edition, Oxford University Press, New York, 2005.
- Immordino-Yang MH, McColl A, Damasio H, Damasio A. (2009). Neural correlates of admiration and compassion. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 106 (19): 8021–8026..
- Bechara, A, Tranel, D, and Damasio, H. Characterization of the decision-making deficit of patients with ventromedial prefrontal cortex lesions. Brain, 132: p. 1289, 2000. 2009.
- Allen JS, Bruss J, Mehta S, Grabowski T, Damasio H (2008). Effects of spatial transformation on regional brain volume estimates. Neuroimage 42: 535–547.
- Naqvi N, Rudrauf D, Damasio H, Bechara A (2007). Damage to the insula disrupts addiction to cigarette smoking. Science 315: 531–534.
- Fiez JA, Tranel D, Seager-Frerichs D, Damasio H (2006). Specific reading and phonological processing deficits are associated with damage to the left frontal operculum. Cortex 4: 1–20.
- Allen JS, Bruss J, Brown CK, Damasio H (2005). Normal neuroanatomical variation due to age: The major lobes and parcellation of the temporal region. Neurobiology of Aging 26: 1245–1260.
- Tranel D, Damasio H, Denburg N, Bechara A (2005). Does gender play a role in functional asymmetry of ventromedial prefrontal cortex?. Brain 128: 2872–2881.
- Tranel D, Grabowski TJ, Lyon J, Damasio H (2005). Naming the same entities from visual or from auditory stimulation engages similar regions of left inferotemporal cortices. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience 17 (8): 1293–305.
- Damasio H, Tranel D, Grabowski TJ, Adolphs R, Damasio AR (2004). Neural systems behind word and concept retrieval. Cognition 92 (1–2): 179–229.
- Semendeferi K, Lu A, Schenker N, Damasio H (2002). Humans and great apes share a large frontal cortex. Nature Neuroscience 5 (3): 272–276.
- Semendeferi K, Damasio H (2000). The brain and its main anatomical subdivisions in living hominoids using magnetic resonance imaging. Journal of Human Evolution 38 (2): 317–332.
- Anderson SW, Bechara A, Damasio H, Tranel D, Damasio AR (1999). Impairment of social and moral behavior related to early damage in human prefrontal cortex. Nature Neuroscience 2 (11): 1032–1037.
- Bechara A, Damasio H, Tranel D, Damasio AR (1997). Deciding advantageously before knowing the advantageous strategy. Science 275 (5304): 1293–1294.
- Damasio H, Grabowski TJ, Tranel D, Hichwa R, Damasio AR (1996). A neural basis for lexical retrieval. Nature 380 (6574): 499–505.
- Damasio H, Grabowski T, Frank R, Galaburda AM, Damasio AR (1994). The return of Phineas Gage: Clues about the brain from the skull of a famous patient. Science 264 (5162): 1102–1105.
- Damasio H, Frank R (1992). Three-dimensional in vivo mapping of brain lesions in humans. Archives of Neurology 49 (2): 137–143.
- Damasio AR, Damasio H (1992). Brain and Language. Scientific American 267 (3): 89–95.
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