Individual differences |
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A number of instruments have been developed to measure a person's learning style. One of the easiest to administer, especially in group situations, is the Group Embedded Figures Test (GEFT) (Witkin, Oltman, Raskin, and Karp, 1971). The GEFT is a perceptual test which requires the subject to locate a previously seen figure within a larger complex figure. The GEFT, which is comprised of 18 complex figures, can be administered in 20 minutes and can be quickly scored using answer templates from the test distributor.
Subject's scores on the GEFT range from 0 to 18 with the number correct being the score. The national norm on the GEFT is 11.4 correct. The higher the score above the group mean the more the person is considered to be field-independent. Conversely, the lower the score below the group mean the more the person is field-dependent. It must be stressed that learning styles are independent of intelligence. Remember, field-dependence/field-independence is more related to the PROCESS of learning, not the APTITUDE for learning. Both field-dependent and field-independent people make equally good students as well as teachers.