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Glycogen synthase is an enzyme of the transferase class that catalyses the reaction of UDP-glucose and (1,4-α-D-glucosyl)n to yield UDP and (1,4-α-D-glucosyl)n+1. In other words, this enzyme binds excess glucose residues one by one into a chain for storage in glycogen. The reaction is highly regulated by allosteric effectors, by phosphorylation reactions, and indirectly triggered by insulin.
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