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Glucose metabolism

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Glucose metabolism is an aspect of carbohydrate metabolism The most important carbohydrate is glucose, a simple sugar (monosaccharide) that is metabolized by nearly all known organisms.

Metabolic pathways


Glucoregulation is the maintenance of steady levels of glucose in the body; it is part of homeostasis, and keeps a constant internal environment around cells in the body.

The hormone insulin makes the body convert glucose into glycogen and puts it into the liver; the insulin is made in the pancreas, and is secreted when the blood sugar is too high. Insulin also promotes the use of glucose by the muscles.

The hormone glucagon, on the other hand, acts in the opposite direction and promotes the conversion of glycogen to glucose in response to low blood sugar.

Human diseases of glucose metabolism

See also

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