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(Redirecting to Globus hystericus)
 
 
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#redirect[[Globus hystericus]]
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{{bioPsy}}
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{{SignSymptom infobox |
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Name = Globus hystericus|
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ICD10 = {{ICD10|F|45|8|f|40}}|
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ICD9 = {{ICD9|300.11}} |
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ICDO = |
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Image = |
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Caption = |
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OMIM = |
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MedlinePlus = |
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eMedicineSubj = |
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eMedicineTopic = |
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DiseasesDB = 31559 |
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MeshID = D003291 |
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}}
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'''Globus pharyngis''' (also known as '''globus sensation''', '''globus''' or, somewhat outdatedly, '''globus hystericus'''; commonly referred to as having a "'''lump in one's throat'''") is the persistent sensation of having [[phlegm]] or some other sort of obstruction in the [[throat]] when there is none. Swallowing can be performed normally, so it is not a true case of [[dysphagia]], but it can become quite irritating. One may also feel mild chest pain or even severe pain with a clicking sensation when swallowing. In most cases the cause is unknown and symptoms maybe attributed to a [[psychogenic]] cause ''i.e.'' a [[Somatoform disorder|somatoform]] or [[anxiety disorder]]. A notable fictional sufferer was [[Danny Kaye|Danny Weems]] in the [[1944]] film Up in Arms, a [[Hypochondriasis|hypochondriac]] who constantly complained about a "clicking" in his throat, especially when he turned his neck.<ref name="Smith"/>
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The "lump in the throat" sensation that characterizes globus pharyngis is usually caused by [[inflammation]] of one or more parts of the throat, such as the [[larynx]] or [[hypopharynx]], due to [[Gastroesophageal reflux disease|gastroesophageal reflux]] or [[Dysphagia|oesophageal dysmotility]].<ref name="Smith"/>
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A less common cause, distinguished by a "lump in the throat" accompanied with clicking sensation and considerable pain when swallowing, maybe due to thyroid-cartilage rubbing against anomalous asymmetrical [[Larynx|laryngeal]] anatomy ''e.g.'' the superior cornu abrading against the [[Cricothyroid muscle|thyroid lamina]],<ref name="Nadig">{{Cite journal
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| doi = 10.1017/S0022215106001125
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| volume = 120
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| issue = 07
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| pages = 608-609
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| last = Nadig
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| first = S K
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| coauthors = S Uppal, G W Back, A P Coatesworth, A R H Grace
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| title = Foreign Body Sensation in the Throat Due to Displacement of the Superior Cornu of the Thyroid Cartilage: Two Cases and a Literature Review
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| journal = The Journal of Laryngology & Otology
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| accessdate = 2008-12-27
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| date = 2006
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| url = http://journals.cambridge.org/action/displayAbstract?fromPage=online&aid=453554
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}}</ref><ref name="Lin">{{Cite journal
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| doi = 10.1007/s00455-005-0012-2
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| volume = 20
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| issue = 3
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| pages = 232-234
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| last = Lin
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| first = Doris
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| coauthors = Nancy Fischbein, David Eisele
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| title = Odynophagia Secondary to Variant Thyroid Cartilage Anatomy
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| journal = Dysphagia
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| accessdate = 2008-12-27
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| date = 2005
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| url = http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00455-005-0012-2
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}}</ref> surgically trimming the offending thyroid-cartilage provides immediate relief in all cases.<ref name="Smith">{{Cite journal
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| doi = 10.1001/archotol.127.9.1129
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| volume = 127
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| issue = 9
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| pages = 1129-1131
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| last = Smith
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| first = Marshall E.
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| coauthors = Gerald S. Berke, Steven D. Gray, Heather Dove, Ric Harnsberger
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| title = Clicking in the Throat: Cinematic Fiction or Surgical Fact?
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| journal = Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg
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| accessdate = 2008-12-27
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| date = 2001-09-01
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| url = http://archotol.ama-assn.org/cgi/content/abstract/127/9/1129
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}}</ref> However this cause is frequently misdiagnosed, despite requiring a simple clinical examination involving careful palpation of the neck side to side which elicits the same click sensation (laryngeal crepitus) and pain as when swallowing, most cases are due to prior trauma to the neck.<ref name="Smith"/> High resolution [[Computed_tomography|computed tomographic]] (CT) or [[Magnetic_resonance_imaging|MRI]] scan of the larynx is usually required to fully understand the anomalous [[Larynx|laryngeal]] anatomy. Anterior displacement the thyroid ala on the affected side while swallowing can help resolve symptoms.
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==references==
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{{reflist}}
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{{Mental and behavioral disorders}}
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[[Category:Anxiety]]
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[[Category:Symptoms]]
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[[Category:Gastroenterology]]
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{{EnWP|Globus pharyngis}}

Latest revision as of 14:36, January 21, 2009

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Name of Symptom/Sign:
Globus hystericus
[[Image:|190px|center|]]
ICD-10 F458
ICD-O:
ICD-9 300.11
OMIM [1]
MedlinePlus [2]
eMedicine /
DiseasesDB 31559

Globus pharyngis (also known as globus sensation, globus or, somewhat outdatedly, globus hystericus; commonly referred to as having a "lump in one's throat") is the persistent sensation of having phlegm or some other sort of obstruction in the throat when there is none. Swallowing can be performed normally, so it is not a true case of dysphagia, but it can become quite irritating. One may also feel mild chest pain or even severe pain with a clicking sensation when swallowing. In most cases the cause is unknown and symptoms maybe attributed to a psychogenic cause i.e. a somatoform or anxiety disorder. A notable fictional sufferer was Danny Weems in the 1944 film Up in Arms, a hypochondriac who constantly complained about a "clicking" in his throat, especially when he turned his neck.[1]

The "lump in the throat" sensation that characterizes globus pharyngis is usually caused by inflammation of one or more parts of the throat, such as the larynx or hypopharynx, due to gastroesophageal reflux or oesophageal dysmotility.[1]

A less common cause, distinguished by a "lump in the throat" accompanied with clicking sensation and considerable pain when swallowing, maybe due to thyroid-cartilage rubbing against anomalous asymmetrical laryngeal anatomy e.g. the superior cornu abrading against the thyroid lamina,[2][3] surgically trimming the offending thyroid-cartilage provides immediate relief in all cases.[1] However this cause is frequently misdiagnosed, despite requiring a simple clinical examination involving careful palpation of the neck side to side which elicits the same click sensation (laryngeal crepitus) and pain as when swallowing, most cases are due to prior trauma to the neck.[1] High resolution computed tomographic (CT) or MRI scan of the larynx is usually required to fully understand the anomalous laryngeal anatomy. Anterior displacement the thyroid ala on the affected side while swallowing can help resolve symptoms.

referencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Smith, Marshall E., Gerald S. Berke, Steven D. Gray, Heather Dove, Ric Harnsberger (2001-09-01). Clicking in the Throat: Cinematic Fiction or Surgical Fact?. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 127 (9): 1129-1131.
  2. Nadig, S K, S Uppal, G W Back, A P Coatesworth, A R H Grace (2006). Foreign Body Sensation in the Throat Due to Displacement of the Superior Cornu of the Thyroid Cartilage: Two Cases and a Literature Review. The Journal of Laryngology & Otology 120 (07): 608-609.
  3. Lin, Doris, Nancy Fischbein, David Eisele (2005). Odynophagia Secondary to Variant Thyroid Cartilage Anatomy. Dysphagia 20 (3): 232-234.



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