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Gender narcissism is a relatively new concept, so far only being mentioned as seminal work by Dr. Gerald Schoenwolf, with reference to both males and females, and Michael Mesner, with reference to men.
The concept builds on Freud's theories of penis envy and the castration complex. Chiefly that an over-emphasis or over-perception of gender and gender difference in childhood can lead to either a devaluation or an over-valuation of one's of gender in later life.
Dr. Schoenwolf in particular suggests that the emergence of the feminist personality, with gonadal-centric views, and female gender narcissism are synonymous.
In the case of body-building males in love with observing and perfecting their own bodies could be considered a form of narcicissm according to Michael A. Mesner.
- Dr. Gerard Schoenwolf
- Messner, Michael A.; Sabo, Donald F... Sport, men, and the gender order: Critical feminist perspectives (1990) Champaign, Ill.: Human Kinetics Books
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