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Gait Abnormality Rating Scale (GARS)[1] is a videotape-based analysis of 16 facets of human gait. It has been evaluated as a screening tool to identify patients at risk for injury from falls.[2] and has been used in remote gait evaluation.[3] A modified version was published in 1996.[4]

Scoring Edit

The scale comprises three categories:[5]

Each item has a score range from 0 (good function) to 3 (poor function).[6]

The total GARS score is the sum of the 16 individual facets, and the total score represents a rank ordering of risk for falling, based on the number of gait abnormalities recognized and the severity of any gait abnormality identified.


  1. Wolfson L, Whipple R, Amerman P, Tobin JN (January 1990). Gait assessment in the elderly: a gait abnormality rating scale and its relation to falls. J Gerontol 45 (1): M12–9.
  2. VanSwearingen JM, Paschal KA, Bonino P, Chen TW (November 1998). Assessing recurrent fall risk of community-dwelling, frail older veterans using specific tests of mobility and the physical performance test of function. J. Gerontol. A Biol. Sci. Med. Sci. 53 (6): M457–64.
  3. Russell TG, Jull GA, Wootton R (2003). The diagnostic reliability of Internet-based observational kinematic gait analysis. J Telemed Telecare Suppl 2 (Supplement 2): S48–51.
  4. VanSwearingen JM, Paschal KA, Bonino P, Yang JF (September 1996). The modified Gait Abnormality Rating Scale for recognizing the risk of recurrent falls in community-dwelling elderly adults. Phys Ther 76 (9): 994–1002.
  6. Abnormal Gait.
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