Assessment | Biopsychology | Comparative | Cognitive | Developmental | Language | Individual differences | Personality | Philosophy | Social |
Methods | Statistics | Clinical | Educational | Industrial | Professional items | World psychology |

Animals · Animal ethology · Comparative psychology · Animal models · Outline · Index

Frustration aggression or irritable aggression is aggression directed towards an available target induced by some sort of frustration (e.g. schedule-induced aggression). This may or may not be part of displacement activity. When the object attacked is not the cause of frustration the aggression is is said to be displaced.

Theories of the link between frustration and aggressionEdit

See alsoEdit

References & BibliographyEdit

Key textsEdit



  • Buss, A. (1963) Physical aggression in relation to different frustrations. Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 67, 1-7.
  • Berkowitz, L. (1978) Whatever happened to the frustration-aggression hypothesis? American Behavioural Scientist 21: 691-708.
  • Berkowitz, L. (1983) Aversively stimulated aggression, American Psychologist, 38, 11 3 5-41. Berkowitz, L. (1984) Some effects of thoughts on anti- and prosocial influences of media events: a cognitive-neoassociation analysis, Psychological Bulletin. 95, 410-27. *Berkowitz, I.. (1989) Frustration-aggression hypothesis: examination and reformulation,

Psychological Bulletin, 106. 59-71.

Additional materialEdit



External linksEdit

Ad blocker interference detected!

Wikia is a free-to-use site that makes money from advertising. We have a modified experience for viewers using ad blockers

Wikia is not accessible if you’ve made further modifications. Remove the custom ad blocker rule(s) and the page will load as expected.