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Family size is an aspect of family structure and varies both within and between cultures. In the west the nuclear family is more prevalent in other areas where the extended family model is more common.
Natalism is the belief that human reproduction is the basis for individual existence, and therefore promotes having large families.
Many religions, e.g., Judaism, encourage their followers to procreate and have many children.
In recent times, there has been an increasing amount of family planning and a following decrease in total fertility rate in many parts of the world, in part due to concerns of overpopulation.
Many countries with population decline offer incentives for people to have large families as a means of national efforts to reverse declining populations.
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