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(The stages of family life)
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==The stages of family life==
 
==The stages of family life==
+
Stage 1: '''Family of origin experiences'''
*Stage 1: '''Family of origin experiences'''
+
*During this phase the main tasks are:
During this phase the main tasks are:
+
**Maintaining relationships with parents, siblings and peers *Completing education
*Maintaining relationships with parents, siblings and peers *Completing education
+
**Developing the foundations of a model of family life
*Developing the foundations of a model of family life
+
Stage 2: '''Leaving home'''
+
*During this phase the main tasks are:
*Stage 2: '''Leaving home'''
+
**Differentiation of self from family of origin and parents and developing adult to adult relationships with parents *Developing intimate peer relationships.
During this phase the main tasks are:
+
**Beginning work, developing work identity and financial independence.
*Differentiation of self from family of origin and parents and developing adult to adult relationships with parents *Developing intimate peer relationships.
+
Stage 3: '''Premarriage stage'''
*Beginning work, developing work identity and financial independence.
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*During this phase the main tasks are:
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**Selecting partners
*Stage 3: '''Premarriage stage'''
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**Developing a relationship
During this phase the main tasks are:
+
**Deciding to establish own home with someone.
*Selecting partners
+
Stage 4: '''Childless couple stage'''
*Developing a relationship
+
*During this phase the main tasks are:
*Deciding to establish own home with someone.
+
**Developing a way to live together both practically and emotionally
+
**Adjusting relationships with families of origin and peers to include partner
*Stage 4: '''Childless couple stage'''
+
Stage 5: '''Family with young children'''
During this phase the main tasks are:
+
*During this phase the main tasks are:
*Developing a way to live together both practically and emotionally
+
**Realigning family system to make space for children
*Adjusting relationships with families of origin and peers to include partner
+
**Adopting and developing [[parenting roles]]
+
**Realigning relationships with families of origin to include parenting and grandparenting roles
*Stage 5: '''Family with young children'''
+
**Facilitating children to develop peer relationships
During this phase the main tasks are:
+
Stage 6. '''Family with adolescents'''
*Realigning family system to make space for children
+
*During this phase the main tasks are:
*Adopting and developing [[parenting roles]]
+
**Adjusting parent-child relationships to allow adolescents more [[autonomy]]
*Realigning relationships with families of origin to include parenting and grandparenting roles
+
**Adjusting family relationships to focus on midlife relationship and career issues
*Facilitating children to develop peer relationships
+
**Taking on responsibility of caring for families of origin
+
Stage 7: '''Launching children'''
*Stage 6. '''Family with adolescents'''
+
*During this phase the main tasks are:
During this phase the main tasks are:
+
**Resolving midlife issues
*Adjusting parent-child relationships to allow adolescents more [[autonomy]]
+
**Negotiating adult to adult relationships with children
*Adjusting family relationships to focus on midlife relationship and career issues
+
**Adjusting to living as a couple again
*Taking on responsibility of caring for families of origin
+
**Adjusting to including in-laws and grandchildren within the family circle
+
**Dealing with disabilities and death in the family of origin
*Stage 7: '''Launching children'''
+
Stage 8: '''Later family life'''
During this phase the main tasks are:
+
*During this phase the main tasks are:
*Resolving midlife issues
+
**Coping with physiological decline in self and others
*Negotiating adult to adult relationships with children
+
**Adjusting to children taking a more central role in [[family maintenance]]
*Adjusting to living as a couple again
+
**Valuing the wisdom and experience of the elderly
*Adjusting to including in-laws and grandchildren
+
**Dealing with loss of spouse and peers
within the family circle
+
**Preparation for death, life review, reminiscence and integration
*Dealing with disabilities and death in the family of origin
 
 
*Stage 8: '''Later family life'''
 
During this phase the main tasks are:
 
*Coping with physiological decline in self and others
 
*Adjusting to children taking a more central role in [[family maintenance]]
 
*Valuing the wisdom and experience of the elderly
 
*Dealing with loss of spouse and peers
 
*Preparation for death, life review, reminiscence and integration
 
   
 
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Revision as of 01:59, March 15, 2013

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Family life has its own rhythm and while this model has its roots in the idea of a nuclear family, the developmental challenges are shared in families with different structures. This model is based on that of Betty Carter & Monica McGoldrick(1999) and Carr (2006)


The stages of family life

Stage 1: Family of origin experiences

  • During this phase the main tasks are:
    • Maintaining relationships with parents, siblings and peers *Completing education
    • Developing the foundations of a model of family life

Stage 2: Leaving home

  • During this phase the main tasks are:
    • Differentiation of self from family of origin and parents and developing adult to adult relationships with parents *Developing intimate peer relationships.
    • Beginning work, developing work identity and financial independence.

Stage 3: Premarriage stage

  • During this phase the main tasks are:
    • Selecting partners
    • Developing a relationship
    • Deciding to establish own home with someone.

Stage 4: Childless couple stage

  • During this phase the main tasks are:
    • Developing a way to live together both practically and emotionally
    • Adjusting relationships with families of origin and peers to include partner

Stage 5: Family with young children

  • During this phase the main tasks are:
    • Realigning family system to make space for children
    • Adopting and developing parenting roles
    • Realigning relationships with families of origin to include parenting and grandparenting roles
    • Facilitating children to develop peer relationships

Stage 6. Family with adolescents

  • During this phase the main tasks are:
    • Adjusting parent-child relationships to allow adolescents more autonomy
    • Adjusting family relationships to focus on midlife relationship and career issues
    • Taking on responsibility of caring for families of origin

Stage 7: Launching children

  • During this phase the main tasks are:
    • Resolving midlife issues
    • Negotiating adult to adult relationships with children
    • Adjusting to living as a couple again
    • Adjusting to including in-laws and grandchildren within the family circle
    • Dealing with disabilities and death in the family of origin

Stage 8: Later family life

  • During this phase the main tasks are:
    • Coping with physiological decline in self and others
    • Adjusting to children taking a more central role in family maintenance
    • Valuing the wisdom and experience of the elderly
    • Dealing with loss of spouse and peers
    • Preparation for death, life review, reminiscence and integration

See also

References & Bibliography

Key texts

Books

  • Carr, A (2006) The Handbook of Child and Adolescent Clinical Psychology. Routledge. ISBN 1583918302
  • Carter, B. & McGoldrick, M. (1999). The Expanded Family Lifecycle. Individual Family and Social Perspectives (Third edition). Boston: Allyn & Bacon.

Papers

Additional material

Books

Papers

External links

  • [1.pdf chapter from "Theories of human development"]

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