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In ophthalmology, convergence is the simultaneous inward movement of both eyes toward each other, usually in an effort to maintain single binocular vision when viewing an object. [1] This action is mediated by the medial rectus muscle, which is innervated by Cranial nerve III. It is a type of vergence eye movement.

Near point of Convergence (NPC) is measured by bringing an object to the nose and observing when the patient sees double, or one eye deviates out. Normal NPC values are up to 10 cm. Any NPC value greater than 10 cm is remote, and usually due to high exophoria at near.

See alsoEdit


ReferencesEdit

  1. Cassin, B. and Solomon, S. Dictionary of Eye Terminology. Gainsville, Florida: Triad Publishing Company, 1990.

Further readingEdit

  • Alvarez, T. L., Bhavsar, M., Semmlow, J. L., Bergen, M. T., & Pedrono, C. (2005). Short-term predictive changes in the dynamics of disparity vergence eye movements: Journal of Vision Vol 5(7) 2005, 640-649.
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  • Aslin, R. N. (1993). Infant accommodation and convergence. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.
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