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In statistics, an explained sum of squares (ESS) is the sum of squared predicted values in a standard regression model (for example y_{i}=a+bx_{i}+\epsilon_{i}), where y_{i} is the response variable, x_{i} is the explanatory variable, a and b are coefficients, i indexes the observations from 1 to n, and \epsilon_{i} is the error term.

If \hat{a} and \hat{b} are the estimated coefficients, then


is the predicted variable. The ESS is the sum of the squares of the differences of the predicted values and the grand mean:


In general: total sum of squares = explained sum of squares + residual sum of squares.

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