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The European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction (EMCDDA) is an agency of the European Union. Established in 1993, the EMCDDA is located in Lisbon, Portugal.
The Centre’s role is to gather, analyse and disseminate ‘objective, reliable and comparable information’ on drugs and drug addiction and, in so doing, provide its audiences with a sound and evidence-based epidemiological picture of the drug phenomenon at European level.
Among the Centre’s target groups are policy-makers, who use this information to help formulate coherent national and Community drug strategies. Also served are professionals and researchers working in the drugs field and, more broadly, the European media and general public.
At the heart of the Centre’s work is the task of improving the comparability of drug information across Europe and devising the methods and tools required to achieve this. As a result of efforts to date, countries can now view how they fit into the wider European picture and examine common problems and goals. A key feature of the drug phenomenon is its shifting, dynamic nature, and tracking new developments is a central task of the EMCDDA.
The Centre obtains information primarily from the ‘Reitox network’: a group of focal points in each of the 27 EU Member States, Norway, the candidate countries to the EU and at the European Commission. The Annual report on the state of the drugs problem in the European Union and Norway and an online Statistical bulletin offer a yearly overview of the latest European drug situation and trends. Meanwhile online Country situation summaries provide a pool of national drug-related data.
It works in partnership with non-EU countries as well as with international bodies such as the United Nations International Drug Control Programme, the World Health Organisation, the Council of Europe’s Pompidou Group, the World Customs Organization, the International Criminal Police Organisation (Interpol) and the European Police Office.
- European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction
- The state of the drugs problem in Europe
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