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Ernest Hilgard

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Ernest Hilgard (1904 - 2001) was an American psychologist who became famous in the 1950s for his research on hypnosis.


Hilgard was born in 1904 in Belleville, Illinois. He attended the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign and earned his BA Degree there. He also studied graduate classes at Yale University, where he met his wife, Josephine Rohrs. After marriage they moved to California and he earned a job at Stanford University.

His papers are held at AHAP

Preceded by:
Donald G. Marquis
Ernest Hilgard elected APA President
Succeeded by:
J. P. Guilford



  • Hilgard, E. R. (1965). Hypnotic Susceptibility NY, Harcourt, Brace & World, Inc.
  • Hilgard, E. R. (1977) Divided Consciousness: Multiple Controls in Human Thought and Action John Wiley & Sons.
  • Hilgard, Ernest R. & Hilgard, Josephine R. (1975). Hypnosis in the Relief of Pain. Los Angeles: William Kaufmann.

New York: Appleton-Century,

  • Hilgard, E.R. (1953). Introduction to psychology. New York: Harcourt, Brace.

Chapters in Books

  • Hilgard, E.R. (1976). Neodissociation theory of multiple cognitive controls. In Schwarz, G.E. and Shapiro, D., eds. Consciouness and self regulation. New York: Plenum Press.


Further reading

  • Griggs, R.A. and Jackson, S.L. (1996). Forty years of introductory psychology:

An analysis of the first 10 editions of Hilgard et al.’s textbook. Teaching of Psychology, 23 (2), 144-150.

  • Hilgard, E. R. (1968). Hypnosis in Man and Beast: PsycCRITIQUES Vol 13 (2), Feb, 1968.
  • Vicenta Mestre, M., Tortosa,F. Samper, P. and Nácher,M. J.(2002) Psychology’s Evolution through its texts: Analysis of E. R. Hilgard’s

Introduction to Psychology. Psichothema, Vol. 14, nº 4, pp. 810-815. ISSN 0214 - 9915

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